Presentation on theme: "Employed by Emily Dickinson"— Presentation transcript:
1 Employed by Emily Dickinson Literary ElementsEmployed by Emily Dickinson
2 To understand Dickinson, it is important to multi-draft read First ReadingLiteral comprehensionSecond ReadingLook for elliptical phrasing, slant rhyme, exact rhyme and paradoxThird ReadingInterpret the meaning of the poem
3 Elliptical PhrasingLeaving out words that are expected to be understoodTo UNDERSTAND, rereadWhile rereading, mentally fill in omitted wordsUse a graphic organizer to clarify meaning
4 Elliptical Phrasing Original Line Original Line Possible Meaning Water, is taught by thirstOriginal LineFor only Gossamer, my GownPossible MeaningWater is taught something by thirst.Possible MeaningFor only of gossamer (thin cloth) was my gown madeProbable MeaningThe concept of water is taught to us by thirst.Probable MeaningHer dress is so thin
5 Slant RhymeRhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, as in eyes, light; years, yours.Dickinson uses slant rhyme to make her poetry surprising
6 The final sounds are similar but not identical Slant RhymeI’ve known her-from an ample nation-Choose One-Then-close the Valves of her attention-Like Stone-The final sounds are similar but not identical
7 The final sounds are similar but not identical Slant RhymeI heard a fly buzz-when I died-The Stillness in the RoomWas like the Stillness in the Air-Between the Heavens of storm-The final sounds are similar but not identical
8 Exact RhymeRhyme in which two or more words have identical sounds in their final stressed syllables.One/ Begun
9 Two words have identical sounds in their final stressed syllables Exact RhymeI’ve known her-from an ample nation-Choose One-Then-close the Valves of her attention-Like Stone-Two words have identical sounds in their final stressed syllables
10 ParadoxStatement that seems contradictory but actually presents a truth
11 Paradox My life closed twice before its close- How could her life close (die) two times before she died???This appears contradictoryWhere is the truth?
12 Paradox The Brain is deeper than the sea- How is the brain deeper that the sea???This appears contradictoryWhere is the truth?
13 “Because I Could Not Stop For Death” (408-409) 1.Who are the important characters?2. How does the poet represent Death?3. Summarize lines in your own words. (Use elliptical phrasing.)4.Define surmised.
14 Answers Death and speaker As a kind and polite gentleman- where he states drives slowly with no hasteThe dews chilled me and caused shivering, because my gown was only gossamer and my tippet was only tulle.Guessed, concluded
15 “I Heard a Fly Buzz-When I Died”(411) 1.What two words form a slant rhyme in the first stanza and what is the effect?2.What actions has the speaker taken in preparation for death?3. Why is there stillness in the room?
16 Answers Room and Storm – one of surprise Wills away keepsakes and worldly goods.People are waiting for the speaker’s final momentAllusion-from that last onset-when the King/ be witnessed in the room
17 “There’s a Certain Slant of Light”(412) 1.Define affliction2. What is the image of the late-afternoon winter light symbolizing?3. What is the major focus of this poem that a lesson can be learned?4. Summarize the poem in one sentence.
18 Answers Anything causing pain or distress A person thinking death NatureA winter day reminds the speaker of her mortality.
19 “Soul Selects Her Own Society” (414) Which words create slant rhyme in the second stanza and what is the effect?Define ample.What leaves the soul “unmoved?”
20 Answers Gate and mat – surprise and interest Large in size; more than enoughChariots and emperors leave the soul unmoved.
21 “The Brain Is Wider Than The Sky”(415) What does the speaker compare the brain to?2. What is the paradox in the first stanza? (Explain in your own words)3. In the second stanza, which words create an exact rhyme?
22 Answers To the sky, to the sea, and to God The small human brain can contain, or conceive of, the most immense concepts.Blue and do
23 “Water is Taught by Thirst”(417) Using elliptical phrasing, what can you conclude is the message of this poem?What might the birds in the last line symbolize?
24 Answers Opposites teach about each other. The return of the spring, which represent the opposite of winter’s snow.