Presentation on theme: "Constructed Response Assessment. Constructed Response Definition A student-created response to a test item, as an essay response. Assessment items requiring."— Presentation transcript:
Constructed Response Definition A student-created response to a test item, as an essay response. Assessment items requiring students to supply their own answers.
Task A specific item, topic, problem, question, prompt, or assignment. Item-Writing Guidelines: Convey a clear idea to the students. Explicitly describe the student’s task. Provide students with approximate time. Do not employ optional items. Compose a possible response.
Response Any kind of performance to be evaluated, including short answer, extended answer or essay, presentation, demonstration, or portfolio
Short-answer items typically require responses of one word to a few sentences. “Fill in the blank” and “completion” questions are examples of short- answer question types. Short Answer
Extended Answer or Essay Essays are useful in gauging a students ability to synthesize, evaluate, and compose Evaluates composition skills
Rubric The scoring criteria, scoring guide, rating scale and descriptors, or other framework used to evaluate responses Levels of potential achievement An explicit set of criteria used to measure a specific type of work or performance
Know in advance Reason for the numerical score Parallel Enable multiple scorers Clearer understanding Formative feedback Examples Examples of rubrics Why should you use a rubric?
Resources Scoring Rubrics - http://ericae.net/faqs/rubrics/scoring_rubrics.htm - Definitions & Constructionhttp://ericae.net/faqs/rubrics/scoring_rubrics.htm Rubric Basics - http://www.inov8.psu.edu/toolbox/RubricBasics.pdf - Definitions, types, purposes, learner involvement, learning enhancement and rubric use (Schreyer Institute for Innovation in Learning).http://www.inov8.psu.edu/toolbox/RubricBasics.pdf Rubric Builder - https://www.e- education.psu.edu/facdev/id/assessment/rubrics/rubric_builder.html - An interactive web page rubric that can score and give item specific feedback Rubistar - http://rubistar.4teachers.org/ - Helps you construct online rubricshttps://www.e- education.psu.edu/facdev/id/assessment/rubrics/rubric_builder.html http://rubistar.4teachers.org/ Roobrix - http://roobrix.com/ - Converts your rubric scores into percentages.http://roobrix.com/ Waypoint - http://www.subjectivemetrics.com/index.cfm - online, interactive rubrics that let you create tailored narrative feedback for students based on your rubric and, on a larger scale (multiple classes, programs, institution-wide) collect and analyze longitudinal data on student performance.http://www.subjectivemetrics.com/index.cfm
Types and Uses of Rubrics Types Purpose/Distinction*Focal UseView Samples Holistic provide a single score based on an overall impression of learner achievement on a task. To provide overall evaluation guidelines that clarify how grades relate to performance/achievement, such as in course grades Course grading rubric Presentation Rubric Analytic provide specific feedback along several dimensions To break assignments or scores down into separate components for grading (description, analysis, grammar, references, etc.) Practicum Portfolio Rubric/Scoring SheetPracticum Portfolio Rubric/Scoring Sheet** General contain criteria that are general across tasks Designed to provide general guidance as to expectations, such as for grading of written assignments Course grading rubric Position Paper Scoring/Feedback SheetCourse grading rubric Position Paper Scoring/Feedback Sheet** Task-specificare unique to a task/assignment Designed to provide detailed guidance regarding a specific assignment or task Practicum Portfolio Rubric Research Paper Scoring/Feedback SheetPracticum Portfolio Rubric Research Paper Scoring/Feedback Sheet ** * adapted from Schreyer Institute for Innovation in LearningSchreyer Institute for Innovation in Learning
Scorers People who evaluate responses (sometimes called readers, raters, markers, or judges)
Conclusion The major payoff of all constructed-response items is they elicit student responses more closely approximating the kinds of behavior students must display in real life. As a classroom teacher you want to determine if your students have the skills and/or knowledge that can be best measured by short answer or essay items. You need to refresh your memory regarding how to avoid serious item construction or response scoring errors.