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Budget Cycle in French Research Development and Innovation Policies Nicole Hernandez Madrid, July 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Budget Cycle in French Research Development and Innovation Policies Nicole Hernandez Madrid, July 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Budget Cycle in French Research Development and Innovation Policies Nicole Hernandez Madrid, July 2008

2 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 2 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

3 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 3 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

4 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 4 French RDI system About 30 Research Bodies, under various status: EPST: CNRS, INRA, INSERM, IRD, INRIA, CEMAGREF, INRETS, LCPC, INED EPIC: CNES, CEA, IRSN, ONERA, CIRAD, IFREMER, OSEO, CSTB, ADEME, BRGM, ANDRA, IPEV, LNE, INERIS, … Foundations, … Research and Higher Education bodies: 85 university High School Engineers schools and Business schools Private Research: Companies, Foundations...

5 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 5 French RDI system Official government documents Budget process: Constitutional Bylaw (LOLF) of 1 August 2001 on budget acts, operated since 2006 Research: Law of 18 April 2006 Legislative part of the Research pact of 2005 Higher education: Law of 10 August 2007 Freedom and responsibilities of universities (LRU)

6 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 6 French RDI system Institutional structures of research High Council of Science and Technology (HCST), installed in September 2006 National Agency for Research (ANR), created in 2005 to fund fundamental research on a project basis Agency for the Evaluation of Research and Higher Education (AERES), installed in march 2007

7 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 7 French RDI system P artnership policy Higher Education clusters (PRES): selected after a call for proposals, since 2006 Thematic Advanced Research Networks (RTRA): selected after a call for proposals Thematic Centers for Research and Healthcare (CTRS / RTRS): selected after a call for proposals Competitiveness Clusters: cooperation with private sector

8 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 8 French RDI system The three functions model Orientation and national priority setting macro-objectives and financial framework for each big domain MESR + others ministries + HCST (High Council for Science and Technology) Programming & Financing translation of general priorities into operational scientific and technical objectives, skills development, big infrastructures priorities setting, partnership, and finally resources distribution to actors ANR (National Agency of Research) and others Research Operation knowledge and technologies production, diffusion, technologies transfer Universities, Institutes, Companies Evaluation AERES

9 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 9 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

10 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 10 RDI funding and expenses Public R&D is mainly funded (95%) by public funds Private R&D is mainly funded (85%) by private funds

11 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 11 RDI funding and expenses Funding flows2005 RDI funding and expenses Funding flows in 2005 Public Funding 17 Md 0.99% du PIB Private Expenses 22,9 Md 1,34 % PIB Private Funding 20.2 Md 1.17 % du PIB Public Expenses 13,7 Md 0.80% PIB Inter Fundin g UE Funding 12.4 Md Inter. Fundin g UE Fundin g 18.3 Md 2 Md 1.2 Md 0.7 Md2.6 Md 2 Md FUNDING 37.1 Md EXPENSES 36.7 Md 0.7 Md

12 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 12 RDI funding and expenses Public research : expenses and HR

13 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 13 RDI funding and expenses Socio-economic objectives SDVLife sciences STICIT SHSHuman &Social sciences PVDDeveloping Countries NVMisc

14 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 14 RDI funding and expenses Public funding of private research

15 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 15 RDI funding and expenses Public funding of private research Financement public de la R&D des entreprises, 2004 en millions deuros Les aides directes comprennent les contrats de recherche et les subventions en provenance des administrations. Source : MEN-DEPP-C2

16 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 16 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

17 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 17 Evaluation of Publicly Funded RDI The three levels of assessment: Public policies impacts Under study Budgetary and Financial Guardianship of the body (ministry) Scientific AERES

18 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 18 Evaluation of Publicly Funded RDI AERES AERES : French evaluation agency for research and higher education Created by the 18 of April 2006 law Installed in March 2007 Agency council composed of 8 qualified personalities 14 designed members 2 deputies

19 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 19 Evaluation of Publicly Funded RDI AERES An independent agency: Not under any pressure actions Sealing between evaluation and decision A legitimate agency: Publications of professional features of the members of its board and its pool of experts A transparent agency : Processes and reports evaluation on the Web Direct expertise : visiting committees

20 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 20 Evaluation of Publicly Funded RDI AERES Three sections: Section 1: Evaluation of the research and higher education bodies and validation of the evaluation process for people Section 2: Evaluation of the research teams Section 3 : Evaluation of training and diplomas of higher education

21 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 21 A single structure for the various evaluation field An evaluation process connected to the contractual process Criteria and methods conform to international standards Evaluation of Publicly Funded RDI AERES

22 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 22 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

23 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 23 Budget process Since 2006, the French State budget is structured in Missions, Programs and Actions, to be presented to parliament MIRES = Inter-ministerial Mission for Research and Higher Education 12 programs driven by 6 ministries Each operator of a program receive funding for each action on

24 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 24 Budget process Performance information By mission, for each program: PAP, annual performance plan, with objectives and performance indicators outline RAP, annual performance report with objectives and performance indicators execution

25 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 25 Budget process Timetable Janv.Févr.MarsAvrilMaiJuinJuil.AoûtSept.Oct.Nov.Déc. Janv.Févr.MarsAvrilMaiJuinJuil.AoûtSept.Oct.Nov.Déc. Travaux préalables : Réunions de budgétisation Rencontres DB / DGRI / opérateurs Réunions DGRI / opérateurs Conférence de performance Budget N-1 Budget N Budget N+1 Analyse de lexécution : préparation des RAP gouvernement parlement Loi de règlement : Projet de loi de règlement (PLR) RAP Certification des comptes Vote du PLR Exécution du budget par les administrations Lettre de cadrage aux ministres Arbitrages politiques : Lettres plafonds et RH Débat dorientation budgétaire (DOB) Débat budgétaire : Projet de loi de finances (PLF) Jaunes budgétaires Finalisation du budget : PAP Vote du PLF

26 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 26 State budget process MIRES Programs

27 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 27 Budget process Example: Actions of the Program 172

28 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 28 Budget process Indicators example

29 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 29 Budget process Performance information Not yet direct relationship between global funding and performance indicators But, indirect relationship via Evaluation (by AERES) before State contracting with Operator Control from the board of directors by guardianship

30 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 30 Budget Process Performance information Today, French budgeting is Performance informed: performance information is used to inform budget decisions along with other information but there is no automatic or mechanical linkage between targets of performance results and funding Tomorrow, it may move towards Direct/formula performance budgeting: allocation of resources directly based on results achieved, through formula/contract with specific performance or activity indicators [1] [1]

31 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 31 Table of contents French RDI system RDI funding and expenses RDI funding and expenses Evaluation of publicly funded RDI Budget process Budget process Conclusion

32 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 32 Conclusion News processes to be optimized and orchestrated State budget process Operators and teams evaluation and contraction Projects funding processes Information system (IS) to be established

33 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 33 The MIRES IS Project Objectives Make consistent information systems of public research to consolidate information Provide the ministry and, more generally, to all those involved in the MIRES, an information system that meets their needs steering

34 FRANCE, MESR, NH, July 2008 34 The MIRES IS Project Target SI opérateur Portail MIRES SI opérateur Données issues de SI Données issues des enquêtes Données de gestion Bases DEPP Base DGRI/DGES/AERES SI OST Dossier unique CPER Données ES Autres données Structures Données RH Données financières Autres données Autres ministères de la MIRES Opérateurs Partenaires OST, DEPP, DAF, DGRH Responsables de programmes DGRI, DGES


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