# Using T Accounts / Analyzing the Accounting Equation

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Using T Accounts / Analyzing the Accounting Equation
CHAPTER 2-1 Using T Accounts / Analyzing the Accounting Equation

Assets = Liabilities + OE
Accounting Equation Assets = Liabilities OE LEFT SIDE RIGHT SIDE DEBIT CREDIT

Assets = Liabilities + OE
Account Balances Assets = Liabilities OE Any Liability Any Asset Debit Credit Normal Balance Debit Credit Decrease Normal Balance Increase Decrease Any Owners Equity Increase Debit Credit Normal Balance Decrease Increase

Definitions T Account: An accounting device used to analyze transactions. Debit: The number recorded on the left side of the equation. Credit: The number recorded on the right side of the equation. Normal Balance: The side of the account that is increased .

ANALYZING HOW TRANSACTIONS AFFECT ACCOUNTS
CHAPTER 2-2 ANALYZING HOW TRANSACTIONS AFFECT ACCOUNTS

Assets = Liabilities + OE
Account Balances Assets = Liabilities OE Any Liability Any Asset Debit Credit Normal Balance Debit Credit Decrease Normal Balance Increase Decrease Any Owners Equity Increase Debit Credit Normal Balance Decrease Increase

Chart of Accounts A list of all accounts used by a business is called a Chart of Accounts

Steps for Analyzing a Transaction into Debit and Credit Parts
Which accounts are affected? Cash, Supplies, Capital, Accounts Payable, etc. How is each account classified? Asset, Liability, or Owner’s Equity How is each classification changed? Increases or Decreases? How is each amount entered into the account? Debit Side or Credit Side? Increase or Decrease? DEBITS MUST EQUAL CREDITS ON EACH TRANSACTION! TOTAL DEBITS MUST EQUAL TOTAL CREDITS!

August 1. Received Cash from owner as an investment, \$5,000
Assets = Liabilities OE CASH Kim Park, Capital Debit Credit Debit Credit Normal Balance Normal Balance \$5,000 \$5,000

August 3. Paid Cash for Supplies, \$275.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Supplies Debit Credit Normal Balance \$275.00 Cash Debit Credit Normal Balance \$275.00

August 4. Paid Cash for Insurance, \$1,200.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Prepaid Insurance Debit Credit Normal Balance \$1,200.00 Cash Debit Credit Normal Balance \$1,200.00

August 7. Bought Supplies on account from Supply Depot, \$500.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Supplies AP – Supply Depot Debit Credit Debit Credit Normal Balance Normal Balance \$500.00 \$500.00

August 11. Paid Cash on account to Supply Depot, \$300.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Cash AP – Supply Depot Debit Credit Debit Credit Normal Balance Normal Balance \$300.00 \$300.00

DO NOW: On Your Own Pg. 37 Home Work: Application problem 2-2 Pg. 46

ANALYZING HOW TRANSACTIONS AFFECT OWNER’S EQUITY ACCOUNTS
CHAPTER 2-3 ANALYZING HOW TRANSACTIONS AFFECT OWNER’S EQUITY ACCOUNTS

SALES ACCOUNTS Revenue increases Owner’s Equity
HOWEVER, to avoid a Capital account with a large number of entries and to summarize revenue records separately, TechKnow Consulting uses a separate revenue account titled SALES.

August 12. Received cash from sales, \$295.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Cash Sales Debit Credit Debit Credit Normal Balance Normal Balance \$295.00 \$295.00

August 12. Sold services on account to Oakdale School, \$350.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Sales AR - Oakdale School Debit Credit Debit Credit Normal Balance Normal Balance \$350.00 \$350.00

EXPENSE ACCOUNTS Expenses decrease Owner’s Equity
HOWEVER, to avoid a Capital account with a large number of entries and to summarize information separately, TechKnow Consulting uses separate Expense Accounts. Expense Accounts have NORMAL DEBIT BALANCES!! Debit Credit Normal Balance

August 12. Paid cash for rent, \$300.00
Assets = Liabilities OE Capital Cash Debit Credit Normal Balance Debit Credit Normal Balance \$300.00 Rent Expense Debit Credit Normal Balance \$300.00

August 18. Received cash on account from Oakdale School.
Assets = Liabilities OE Cash Debit Credit Normal Balance \$200.00 AR – Oakdale School Debit Credit Normal Balance \$200.00

PAID CASH TO OWNER FOR PERSONAL USE
Withdrawals decrease Owner’s Equity HOWEVER, to avoid a Capital account with a large number of entries and to summarize information separately, TechKnow Consulting uses a separate Withdrawal account titled, Kim Park, Drawing. Withdrawal Accounts have NORMAL DEBIT BALANCES!! Debit Credit Normal Balance

August 18. Paid cash to owner for personal use, \$125.00.
Assets = Liabilities OE Capital Cash Debit Credit Normal Balance Debit Credit Normal Balance \$125.00 Kim Park, Drawing Debit Credit Normal Balance \$125.00