Presentation on theme: "Dr. B.M.S. Batagoda Sri Lanka"— Presentation transcript:
1 Issues and Challenges in the preparation of the Second National Communication of Sri Lanka Dr. B.M.S. BatagodaSri LankaSecond AIACC Regional Workshop for Asia Pacific IslandsPasay City, Philippines2-5 November 2004
2 IntroductionSri Lanka submitted its initial national communication (INC) in 2000Climate Change Enabling Activity Project Phase II has also been completedNow Sri Lanka is planning to prepare its second national communication (SNC)Sri Lanka still faces some issues in the preparation of its Second National Communication (SNC)
3 Issues The latest available GHG inventory of the country is for year 1994There is no mechanism to update the GHGemission inventoryNo funds allocated for preparation of GHGinventory
4 IssuesAdequate steps have not been taken for the assessment of vulnerability of the different sectors to climate change impacts particularly vulnerability of coastal region to the sea level rise, vulnerability of agriculture, plantation industrial and tourism sectors
5 IssuesInformation is not available on the vulnerability of crops such as coconut, high-grown tea, minor export crop varieties and vegetables and cash crops.How small holders in the food crop sector could adapt to extreme climatic eventsHow people could adapt to increasing health risks need to be studied.No information is available on emissions and mitigation e.g. livestock farming, shifting cultivation, industry, transport and the energy sector.
6 IssuesDevelopment and introduction of adaptation measures to various sectorsImpacts of adaptation to measures of reducing GHG emissions in the industrial transport and agriculture sectors sectorAdaptation to measures of reducing GHG emissions in the industrial, transport and agricultural sectors
7 Issues Poverty and climate change impacts not been studied Adaptation strategies have not been developed for low income communitiesClimate change and food security has not been studied
8 IssuesDatabase on climate change for provinces and regions is very weak.Even basic data on the variability of rain fall and temperature; extreme climatic events; and their impacts are not available for some regions or provinces.
9 IssuesA significant proportion of the research studies under Phase II have been confined to a few areas in the country, notably the Southern, North Western and Central ProvincesNearly two- thirds of the Research Studies were undertaken in these provinces.
10 Technological needs Assessment of vulnerability Introducing adaptation measuresAdaptation to measures of reducing GHG emissions
11 Technological needs - Coastal zone Preparation of coastal data base and study the impacts of salt water intrusion and vulnerability of coastal areas to sea level riseMapping and demarcating the 1 or 2 meter contour from the sea to study sea level rise impactsUndertake investigations on the impacts of sea level rise and temperature rise on coral reef systems around the coastal belt
12 Technological needs - Energy Harness the total maximum identified potential of hydropowerImprove transmission and distribution system to bring down the current energy losses.Commission studies on energy recovery from wasteEncourage commercial fuel wood plantations.Promote renewable energy technologies.Replace existing use of fossil fuel with low GHG emitting fuels in electricity generation, industry, commercial and household sector
13 Technological needs - Industry Promote proper solid waste management with methane recoveryDevelop an inventory on emissions from different industriesDevelop mechanisms to reduce GHG emissions from such industries.Adopt energy efficient building codes and standardization and labelling of energy consuming end use equipment.
14 Technological needs -Transport Improve traffic management systems through the use of information technologyIntroduce a suitable vehicle inspection and monitoring programmeIntegrate bus-rail operation through proper network planningAdopt an appropriate road pricing systemsEnforce and monitor emission standards for motor vehicles
15 Technological needs - Agriculture Identification of agro-ecological zones sensitive to climate change impactsPromotion of rain-fed farmingDevelopment of integrated farming system in relation to climate changeMinimize nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture with new fertilizers and practicesAlter breeding criteria for crop varieties with high carbon dioxide sequestration and climate adaptive varieties
16 Technological needs - Forestry Preparation of data base to understand linkages between climate change and forestryStudy the forestry sector potential for carbon sequestrationDetermine the dynamic equilibrium of host/parasite relationship in new climate environmentPromote urban forestry to establish vegetation in urban & metropolitan areas.
17 Technological needs - Water Assessment of the extent of land that will be affected by Sea level riseAssessment of the impact of climate change on river flow regimesPrepare a groundwater extraction regulation policyIntroduce monitoring systems for groundwater extraction & water quality assessment in vulnerable areas.
18 Technological needs - Health and human settlement Undertaking studies on diseases relevant to climate changeMapping of flood plains and flood hazards for selected major riversDevelopment of strong wind and cyclone resistant building standards and guidelinesIdentification and prioritization of vulnerable areas for human settlementsEstablish work environment and occupational safety standards for local conditions.
19 ChallengesNon-availability of experts on full time basis for working in the climate change field – Part time academics are available only when they are freeLimited capacity of in country experts on some issuesLimited availability of specific studies and relevant researchInadequate time and funds for undertaking specific studies and research on impacts of climate change
20 challenges Weak institutional arrangements No full time senior staff officer has been appointed for climate change activitiesInadequate awareness on climate change issues at all levelsNo dedicated institution for preparing national communications and updating GHG inventory i.e. the team that prepared the INC is not available for preparing SNCThe government adopting an ad hoc project by project approach to prepare National Communications and climate change issues
21 RecommendationsEstablishment of a dedicated institution to implement UNFCC activities is an urgent needThis institution should be headed by a senior officer and supported by a adequate staff and financial resourcesPermanent unit and a team should undertake preparation of National Communications and update of GHG inventoryImmediate steps should be taken to build the capacity of academics and professionals in the country and encourage them to engage in climate related research and activities.
22 RecommendationsFunds for undertaking specific studies and research on impacts of climate change should be made available on long term basis.Unless long term research projects are established expected results cannot be achieved.Usually available fund are short term and difficult to undertake long term studies
23 RecommendationsAwareness creation is important at all levels on the importance of addressing climate change issues.Cost of climate change impacts should be estimated, disseminated and used for climate change awareness creation programs