Presentation on theme: "Geny Posada Karina Acevedo Eduardo Alcantar. Lower respiratory infection Affects one or both lungs Bacteria in the alveoli become inflamed with."— Presentation transcript:
Lower respiratory infection Affects one or both lungs Bacteria in the alveoli become inflamed with pus, fluid, and cellular debris, also affects pneumonial cavity. Causes the body not to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Pneumonia has many possible causes. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breath. Your body usually prevents these germs can overpower your immune system, even if your health is generally good Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it, and where you acquire the infection.
Who? ◦ Infants, children, adults 65+, males and females. ◦ Long term users of immunosuppressant drugs (reduce bodies immune system). ◦ Smokers ◦ Chronic obstruction pulmonary disease patient. ◦ Those who have ill/ impaired immunity. Where? ◦ Developing countries When? ◦ All year round Statistical ◦ 90,000 die of pneumonia each year in the Unites States.
Fever Rigors Cough Runny nose (either direct bacterial pneumonia or accompanied by primary viral pneumonia) Dyspnea-(shortness of breath Chest pain
You may get pneumonia by… After you breath infected air particles into your lungs. After you breathe certain bacteria from your nose and throat into your lungs. This generally occurs during sleep. During or after a viral illness such as measles or chickenpox. As a complication of a viral upper respiratory infection 7024498927
After you breath infected air particles into your lungs if you breath large amounts of food gastric acid from the stomach or vomit into the lungs (aspiration pneumonia) this can happen when you have a medical condition that affects your ability to swallow such as seizure or a stroke.
Nosocomial bacterial pneumonia as a complication of acute, diffuse lung injury may be difficult to distinguish clinically from other pathologic process.
The most common way to diagnose bacterial pneumonia is by doing a breath test. Physical exam: Your doctor will listen to your lungs with a stethoscopes. If you have pneumonia your lungs may make crackling, bubbling, and rumbling sounds when you inhale. You may also may be wheezing, and it may be hard to hear sounds of breathing in some areas of your chest.
Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for bacterial pneumonia and ventilation (oxygen supplement) as supportive therapy. The antibiotic choice depends on the nature of the pneumonia, the microorganisms most commonly causing pneumonia.
Prevention of bacterial pneumonia is by vaccination against streptococcus pneumonia (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for adults and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for children)