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© 2006 – RNP Networking for Research and Education in Brazil US-Brazil Technical Workshop Rio de Janeiro, April 2006 Michael Stanton Director of Innovation.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2006 – RNP Networking for Research and Education in Brazil US-Brazil Technical Workshop Rio de Janeiro, April 2006 Michael Stanton Director of Innovation."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2006 – RNP Networking for Research and Education in Brazil US-Brazil Technical Workshop Rio de Janeiro, April 2006 Michael Stanton Director of Innovation Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa - RNP michael@rnp.br

2 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil2 Summary New optical transmission and switching technologies allow significant reduction in the costs of setting up and operating research and education networks. By means of examples we show how these opportunities are being exploited in Brazil. Our agenda: –A brief look at RNP –Project GIGA – an optical networking testbed –IPÊ – the next-generation national network –Redecomep – Community-based Optical Metropolitan Networks –International connectivity –New services –Some special user application areas

3 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil3 RNP – Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa RNP is the Brazilian national research and education network –maintained by the Brazilian government (since 1989) –provides national (inter-state) and international connectivity for more than 400 universities and research centers through the provision of advanced networking infrastructure collaboration – links to other similar networks internationally (Internet2, ESnet, NASA, GÉANT, APAN, RedCLARA) commodity – links to the commercial Internet –supports the development of advanced networking and applications RNP is managed for the federal government by a non-profit private company, RNP-OS

4 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil4 Evolution of academic networks in Brazil RNP Phase YearTechnologyLink capacitiesComment 1988BITNET up to 9.6 kbps first national network 11992Internet 9.6 and 64 kbps first national IP network (RNP) 21995 up to 2 Mbps also: commercial IP deployed 31999IP/ATM, IP/FR VC up to 45 Mbps, access up to 155 Mbps RNP2 national backbone; testbed metro networks in 14 cities (using ATM/dark fiber) 42003IP/SDH 34, 155, 622 Mbps also: IP/WDM interstate testbed network (Project GIGA) 52005IP/WDM 2.5 and 10 Gbps IPÊ national backbone; metro networks in 27 capitals

5 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil5 Evolution of academic networks in Brazil Phase 0 BITNET Phase 1 Internet Phase 2 comercial Internet Phase 3 RNP2 Phase 4 RNP2+ Phase 5 Ipê (Link capacity)

6 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil6 Phase 4 backbone network (until Nov 05) Introduced in 2004/5 Provides links to state capitals (complemented by intra-state connectivity) Link speeds except to Amazonia: –mostly 34 Mbps –155 Mbps to some states –622 Mbps Rio-SP RNP2 – April/2005 (2 Gbps)

7 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil7 Project GIGA – optical networking testbed Partnership between –RNP and CPqD (www.cpqd.com.br) – joint coordinators –R&D community in industry and universities Objectives: –Build an advanced networking testbed for development and demonstration purposes –Support R&D subprojects in optical and IP networking technology and advanced applications and services Industry participation (telcos provide the fibres; technology transfer of products and services to Brazilian Industries and telcos required) Government funding of US$ 20 M (via FUNTTEL/Finep) – project started December 2002 FUNTTEL

8 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil8 Project Organization Optical Network Optical Network Telecom Services Telecom Services Scientific Applications Scientific Applications IP and Optical Testbed Network Executive Board Executive Board Advisory Committee Advisory Committee Universities, R&D Centers, Industries, Telecom Operating Companies Universities, R&D Centers, Industries, Telecom Operating Companies RNPCPqD Protocols and Network Services CPqD + RNP R&D areas

9 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil9 GIGA testbed network - objectives explore user control of optical fibre infrastructure –interconnect 20 academic R&D centres in S.E. Brazil provide Networking Research Testbed (NRT) for optical and IP network development provide Experimental Infrastructure Network (EIN) for development and demonstration of applications (NRT and EIN are terms defined by NSF in 2002) Network was inaugurated in May 2004

10 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil10 GIGA testbed network - localization dark fiber-based 700-km inter-city backbone in states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro Initially 20 universities and R&D centers in 7 cities Optical equipment supplied by Padtec (www.padtec.com.br) –2.5G DWDM in the inter-city backbone –2.5G CWDM used in the metropolitan area testbed network

11 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil11 GIGA testbed network - localization Universities IME PUC-Rio PUC-Campinas UERJ UFF UFRJ Mackenzie UNICAMP USP R&D Centers CBPF CPqD CPTEC INCOR CTA FIOCRUZ IMPA INPE LNCC LNLS

12 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil12 R&D activities 2/3 of the GIGA project budget is for R&D activities in the following areas: –Optical networking (CPqD) –Network protocols and services (RNP) –Experimental telecommunications services (CPqD) –Scientific Services and Applications (RNP) Many of the R&D activities are contracted out to research groups in the university community (at more than 50 different institutions throughout Brazil) –Incentives for technology transfer to industry –The network is also being used for the development and/or demonstration of high capacity networking applications by scientific researchers in various areas (HEP, computational biology, earth sciences, environmental sciences, etc), often using grid computing.

13 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil13 Optical networks: benefits for the R&E community Based on practical experience with the testbed network of Project GIGA, RNP began to deploy in 2005 a multi-Gbps network for the national R&E community This has two main components: –IPÊ multi-Gbps backbone network ipê: (a word in Tupi pronounced ee-pay) is Brazils national flower ( Tabebuia chrysotricha ) i-pê: IP (Internet Protocol) in Portuguese IPE: Inovação, Pesquisa, Educação (Innovation, Research, Education) –Redecomep: community-based optical metropolitan networks for shared local Gbps access to IPÊ PoPs yellow ipê in blossom

14 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil14 IPÊ: next generation network (2005) use of multiple Gbps for interstate links initially between 10 cities unprotected 2.5 and 10G waves from two telcos routers from Juniper Networks (M320, M40) commissioned in November 2005 IPÊ – Nov 2005 (60 Gbps) Fortaleza Recife Salvador Rio de Janeiro Belo Horizonte Brasília São Paulo Curitiba Florianópolis Porto Alegre 2.5 Gbps 10 Gbps

15 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil15 Redecomep - Optical Metropolitan Networks for the R&E community Long distance networks arrive in a particular point of each city served – Point of Presence (PoP) To serve a set of clients in the same city, necessary to provide individual access to the PoP – Last Mile problem A similar problem arises when we wish to provide connectivity between branches of a single organisation in the same city Traditional telco solution to the Last Mile problem : –Rent telco point to point data services to get to PoP –Recurrent cost a function of bandwidth –Often results in under-provisioning due to high cost Alternative solution (DIY networking): –Build and operate your own optical metro network

16 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil16 MetroBel: pilot project in Belém do Pará - 12 universities and research centers UFPA PoP of RNP UFRA MPEG campus EMBRAPA NPI UFPA CCS UFPA CEFET UEPA Belem CESUPA Campus Nazaré UNAMA Campus Quintino UNAMA Campus Alcindo Cacela UNAMA Campus Sen. Lemos UEPA CESUPA Campus Almte Barroso CPRM CESUPA Campus Gov José Malcher MPEG parque IEC Campus I Hospital BB 0 km 1 km 2 km

17 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil17 MetroBel: a possible topology (30 km ring)

18 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil18 RNP activities in metro networks 2005/6 (www.redecomep.rnp.br) In December 2004, RNP obtained US$15 financing from Finep to build optical metro networks in all 27 capital cities in Brazil (projects MetroBel and Redecomep) Situation of MetroBel project in Belém: –Cabling tender published in August 2005 –Cabling begun in March 2006 (to be ready by June) Currently projects under way for installing metro networks in the following cities: Manaus, Belém, Fortaleza, Natal, Recife, Salvador, Vitória, Brasília, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Porto Alegre, …

19 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil19 International connectivity Two kinds of traffic: commodity (Internet1) and cooperation (Internet2, or Research and Education) We will limit ourselves to talk about cooperation traffic, i.e. relationships with similar research and education networks in other countries and continents This area has advanced greatly in the last 4 years due to government initiatives in the EU and the US: EUs ALICE project and the RedCLARA network. NSFs IRNC program and the WHREN/LILA project An important result has been the creation of the CLARA organization.

20 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil20 Open association of national research and education networks (NRENs) in LA formally constituted in Uruguay –similar to TERENA (Europe) and APAN –target member countries are the Spanish and Portuguese- speaking countries of Central and South America and the Caribbean Main objective: Build a regional network to interconnect LA NRENs and provide them with connectivity to Europe, North America and other regions www.redclara.net Cooperação Latino Americana de Redes Avançadas

21 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil21 Building RedCLARA: the ALICE project ALICE - América Latina Interconectada Con Europa Coordinated by DANTE (manager of GÉANT), with participation of NRENs from Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and the CLARA countries, and later CLARA itself May 2003: ALICE Project approved by European Commission with EUR 10 millions (80%) financing (remainder from LA users) Aug 2004: Network operational Mar 2006: Connects 14 CLARA countries CLARA now represents the interests of LA users

22 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil22 Current RedCLARA topology (1Q2006) backbone ring: 155 Mbps (Global Crossing + Cisco) Access links of 10 to 45 Mbps Connection to Europe (GÉANT) at 622 Mbps from Brazil (Sep 2004)

23 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil23 New links to RedCLARA (2005-2006) MIA SD WHREN/LILA (NSF) 1 – 1.2 Gbps Tijuana – San Diego São Paulo – Miami Part of NSFs IRNC program for connecting US to LA LAUREN (3Q2006) 2.5 Gbps 155 Mbps 45 Mbps Various additional links to reinforce existing RedCLARA connectivity for serving US – LA collaborations.

24 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil24 Development of new services: RNP Working Groups (GTs) Objective Promote innovation in services and applications offered by RNP How? Create Working Groups, coordinated by research workers from the academic community (normally in ICT) –financed by RNP (through the management contract) –participation of RNP and academic community –as many as 7 groups per year (5 in 2002, 7 afterwards), chosen through na open, public process –12 month duration –production of pilots of services (prototypes) with demonstration at annual RNP workshop

25 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil25 History of Working Groups 2002-20032003-20042004-20052005-2006 VoIPAdvanced VoIP Network storage Digital Video (VD)VD-IIReliable MulticastDigital TV Vídeoconf. In education ConfigurationPervasive gridsWireless Mesh network Diretories in Higher Education. Diretories and Applications MiddlewareRemote Visualization Quality of Service (QoS) QoS-IIMeasurements (MED) MED-II Public Key Infra. (ICP-Edu) ICP-Edu-IIICP-Edu-III Peer to Peer (P2P)P2P-IIManagement of Video Basis for new service Expected future basis for new service

26 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil26 Some special user application areas Health / Medicine High-Energy Physics Astrophysics Cyberinfrastructure

27 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil27 RNP interactions with Health/Medicine Project GIGA –Subproject Advanced Network for R&D in Distributed Systems in Medicine Coordinator: Marco Gutierrez (INCOR/USP) Partners: LARC/USP, FCM/UERJ Participants: UNIFESP, UFPB, UFF Objectives include: –Remote access to medical images in a context-sensitive database –Processing of 3-D medical images

28 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil28 RNP interactions with Health/Medicine ONCONET (2002-2004), ONCONET2 (2004-2006): Pilot TeleHealth network in pediatric oncology –Coordinator: Marcelo Zuffo (LSI/USP) –Partners: many –Objectives: Set up a national research network focused on TeleHealth and Tele-Medicine Establish basis for a future national Cancer register Offer advanced services to support medical practice –Digital patient records –Protocols and treatments –Distance Learning

29 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil29 ONCONET: Phase I 2002-2004 Hosp de Apoio CACON-I (Brasília -DF) Hospital Base de (Porto Velho-RO) Hospital NS Glória (Vitória-ES) LSI- USP (SP) UNIFESP (SP) Hospital São Marcos (Teresina-PI) CACON-II (Florianopolis-SC) EDUMED (Campinas-SP) Fund Centro Controle Oncologia (Manaus-AM) SOBOPE (SP)

30 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil30 Onconet Phase II 2004-2006 Strategic partnership with INCA (Instituto Nacional do Câncer) Extension to adult cancer Deployment of nacional cancer register Depoyment of onco-grid –Data mining –Video-conferencing –Distributed database Integration Onconet with Datasus (Ministry of Health) Expansion of the university network

31 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil31 RUTE: University Network for Telemedicine Launched April 24 th, 2006, in Rio de Janeiro Coordinated by RNP, with financial support from Finep Objectives: –Support improvement of existing telemedicine initiatives –Encourage new collaborations Initially 20 institutions in 14 states: –mostly teaching hospitals attached to federal and state universities

32 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil32 RNP interactions with High-Energy Physics The Brazilian HEP community participates in international collaborations associated with large accelerators, such as those at Fermilab and CERN A prominent example is the CMS project for the future Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, expected to come online in 2007 –4 experiments (ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, ALICE)

33 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil33 HEPGRID (CMS) in Brazil HEPGRID-CMS/BRAZIL is a project to build a Grid that At Regional Level will include CBPF,UFRJ,UFRGS,UFBA, UERJ & UNESP At International Level will be integrated with CMS Grids; Focal points include Grid3/OSG and bilateral projects with Caltech Group France Italy USA Germany BRAZIL 622 Mbps UFRGS UERJ UFRJ T1 Individual Machines On line sys``tems Brazilian HEPGRID CBPF Gigabit CERN 1 - 2.5Gbps … 10 Gbps UFBA UERJ HEPGrid T2 Working T4 T0 +T1 T2 T1 T3 T2 UERJ: T2 T1, 100 500 Nodes; Plus T2s to 100 Nodes T2 Inauguration + GIGA/RNP Agreement December 2004 UNESP/USP SPRACE Working

34 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil34 RNP support for HEPGrid participation in Supercomputing 2004 Support for participating in the winning consortium, led by Caltech, in the Bandwidth Challenge (BWC) during SC2004 in the US –participation by HEPGrid group from UERJ (Rio de Janeiro) –used GIGA testbed + Red CLARA + GÉANT + Abilene (Rio to S. Paulo) (to Madrid) (to New York) (to Pittsburgh) –peak traffic 500 Mbps, sustained traffic 400 Mbps (Nov 10-11, 2004)

35 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil35 RNP support for participation in SC2005 With the inauguration of the IPÊ network and the WHREN/LILA link to Miami, connectivity to the US has greatly improved. The new route from Rio to the US used –IPÊ network + WREN/LILA + Abilene (Rio to S. Paulo) (to Miami) (to Seattle) –2.5 Gbps was provisioned between S. Paulo and Miami to accommodate 2 HEP flows of 1 Gbps. –bandwidth effectively used was around 1 Gbps Group from Rio transmitted around 600 Mbps (see below)

36 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil36 RNP interactions with Astrophysics (new projects) SOAR (Southern Observatory for Astrophysical Research), Cerro Pachón, Chile –30% viewing time is for Brazilian scientists –demand for assisted remote observation –www.physics.unc.edu/research/astro/soar.php Brazilian Virtual Observatory –provide access to remote databases of astrophysical images for data mining –will be integrated into IVOA (International Virtual Observatory Alliance) e-VLBI using ROEN (Radio-Observatório Espacial do Nordeste) in Eusébio, near Fortaleza (collaboration with US and Japan) –expected to transmit initially 100 Mbps to MIT starting 4Q2006, when GIGAFor metro network to be deployed –bandwidth needs should double in 2007

37 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil37 Cyberinfrastructure for e-Science Growing tendency to provide remote distributed computing resources for scientific users – grid computing RNP naturally involved due to provision of high-capacity national and international connectivity International partners in many countries including US, EU and LA. Important projects: –SINAPAD –EELA

38 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil38 SINAPAD (National System for HPC) Currently comprises 7 HPC centers, interlinked by RNP Originally based on supercomputers in many cases Tendency to adopt cluster computing using grid middleware Expected growth to include new centers starting 2006 International collaborations, e.g. NCSA www.lncc.br/sinapad CenterEquipment LNCC National Laboratory for Scientific Computing initially IBM SP2, later updated with SUN and SGI UFRGS Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul initially Cray XMP and later updated to a Cray T90 UNICAMP State University of Campinasinitially IBM SP2, later updated with SUN UFMG Federal University of Minas Geraisinitially IBM SP2, later updated with SUN UFRJ Federal University of Rio de Janeiroinitially CRAY, recently updated with SGI Altix UFC Federal University of Ceara INPE/ CPTEC National Space Research Institute/ Climate and Weather Forecasting Center initially NEC SX 4, later updated to a SX 6

39 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil39 EELA – Extending e-Infrastructure to LA EELA is a 2 year EU-financed project involving a consortium of 21 institutions from 7 LA and 4 EU countries –Main partners in Spain and Brazil –CLARA, RNP and REUNA (Chilean NREN) are partners Objective: –Investigate the feasibility of extending the EGEE model of grid computing to LA –This involves: extending range of applications on the grid demonstrating Pilot Grid network CLARA leads network support activity www.eu-eela.org

40 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil40 EELA: Pilot grid testbed Brazil

41 Networking for Research and Education in Brazil41 Conclusion RNP is engaged in extending –the quality and capacity of its networking infrastructure, –the range of the services offered to the end-user, and –its participation in multidisciplinary collaboration projects

42 Michael Stanton (michael@rnp.br) www.rnp.br Thank you!


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