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Chapter 12 Section 2. Key Terms  Pastroralists  Clan  Genghis Khan  Pax Mongolica.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Section 2. Key Terms  Pastroralists  Clan  Genghis Khan  Pax Mongolica."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 Section 2

2 Key Terms  Pastroralists  Clan  Genghis Khan  Pax Mongolica

3 Nomads and the Asia Steppe  Two Eurasia steppes  Land trade route connector  Home to nomadic people  Plunder  Loot  Conquer their neighbors

4 Geography of the Steppe  Western steppe central Asia  Home to the Hittites  Eastern steppe  Home to Huns, Turks and Mongols  Very little rain  Temps from -57 to 96  Climate milder in west

5 The Nomadic Way of Life  Pastoralists-herded domestic animals  Searching for food  Followed seasonal patterns  Battles arose over water rights  Asian nomads lived on horsback

6 The Nomadic Way of Life Depended on animals for – Food – Clothing – Housing Diet was meat and maer’s milk Clothing of skins and wool Lived in tents called yurts

7 Nomadic Way of Life  Clans- kinship groups that traveled together  Descended from a common ancestor

8 Steppes, Nomads and Settled Societies Peaceful trade Exchanged horses for grain, metal and cloth Prided themselves on toughness Took what they wanted from towns people Nomadic people eventually become part of who they conquer

9 The Rise of the Mongols Roamed the eastern steppe Temujin unites the Mongols 1206 accepts name Genghis Khan- universal ruler 21 years led the Mongols to conquer much of Asia

10 The Rise of Mongols Muslims murder traders and Ambassadors of Khan. Launches campaign of terror across Central Asia Destroy one city after another 1225 Central Asia under Mongol control

11 Genghis the Conquer  Brilliant organizer  Armies of 10,000  1,000 man brigades  100 man companies  10 man squads  Gifted strategists  Tricks to confuse the enemy  Small group draw in opposing army

12 Genghis the Conqueror  Cruelty as a weapon  Terrifying into surrender  Don’t open gates, kill whole population  Most towns surrender  “In most countries that have not yet been overrun by them, everyone spends the night afraid they may appear there too”

13 The Mongol Empire  Genghis Khan died 1227  Successors conquered from China to Poland  Largest unified empire in history

14 The Khanates  Sons and grandsons continued conquests  Leveled Kiev, China, Korea, close to Venice  1250 halted westward expansion

15 The Khanates  1260 divided into four regions or khanates  Khanate of the great Khan (China, Mongolia)  Khanate of Chagatai  Ikhanate (Persia)  Khanate of the golden Horde (Russia)

16 The Mongols as Rulers  Populations of some cities were wiped out  Destroyed ancient irrigation systems  Tolerant in peace  Adopted some of existing cultures  Some became Muslims  Led to furthersplits

17 The Mongol Peace  Pax Mongolica-1200- 1300’s stability and law  Safe passage of trade caravans, travelers and missionaries  Trade between Europe and Asia increased  Bubonic plague possibly came from the Mongols

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