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School funding reform 1 School Business Managers North East July 2013 Mukesh Parekh Academies & Maintained Schools.

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Presentation on theme: "School funding reform 1 School Business Managers North East July 2013 Mukesh Parekh Academies & Maintained Schools."— Presentation transcript:

1 School funding reform 1 School Business Managers North East July 2013 Mukesh Parekh Academies & Maintained Schools

2 The case for reform  Previous system complex, opaque, unfair and often perverse  School Funding Reform (2012): first step towards a fairer system and the national funding formula –Introduction of 12 factors for bases of calculating funding  High needs: Special Educational Needs / Learners with Learning Difficulties and/or Disabilities (to age 25) funding reform  Review of implementation in spring 2013  2014/15 factors announced in June 2013

3 How it felt for schools and academies  Overly complicated  Too bureaucratic  Opaque  Poorly communicated  Prone to error and interpretation 3

4  Twelve standard factors are available for use in the local funding model  Two of the factors are compulsory –basic entitlement (age weighted pupil unit or AWPU) –deprivation  The other 10 factors are optional  Local authorities can suggest exceptional factors  The final proforma is agreed in the Schools Forum Design of the LA funding model

5 Existing 2013/14 allowable factors  Basic entitlement (Compulsory)  Deprivation(Compulsory)  Prior attainment  Looked after children  English as an additional language  Pupil mobility  Lump sum(Max of £200K)  Split sites  Rates  Private Finance Initiative (PFI)  London fringe  Post-16

6 Exceptional factors  LA’s can include additional exceptional factors. Must have dedicated criteria and must be pre-agreed by the EFA  Exceptional costs –Maximum of 5% of schools in a local area –Circumstances must have a financial impact greater than 1% of the school’s budget

7  MFG set at -1.5% per pupil for 2013/14 & 2014/15  The following aspects excluded from protection: –Post-16 –Early years –High needs –Lump sum –Rates  Local authorities could apply for additional exclusions –For example bulge classes where the money should not be built into your baseline as it will disadvantage you in subsequent years Minimum Funding Guarantee

8  New Schools Forum regulations –Only the DCS, Chief Finance Officer and Lead member (or their deputy) can be LA members of the Schools Forum –The need for a minimum of 16 members has been removed –LA staff cannot vote on their own proposals, only the other members of the Forum –Academies are entitled to proportional representation on the Forum –EFA has observer status at meetings Schools Forum reform

9  Introduction of 12 Factors funding methodology  HN funding Reformed to Planned Places plus top up funding  New Schools Forum regulations  Post 16 Funding Reforms Schools Funding Reform Summary (Stage 1)

10 Review of 2013-14 arrangements (Spring 2013)  Continuing a clear commitment to reform funding systems  Looked at getting views on are we moving towards national consistency  Getting views, on areas of concern and possible changes  Looking specifically at three factors, prior attainment, pupil mobility and the lump sum  Deadline for views was 26 th March  2014/15 factors announced in June 2013 and EFA has started to work with local authorities on implementation

11 Beginning the second year of school funding reform – the context  Changes introduced in 2013-14 were the first step towards a national funding formula for schools  Radical change – needed to ensure no unexpected outcomes and Ministers committed to reviewing the impact  Result of review, together with changes for 2014-15 published 4 June 2014  Compared to stage 1, changes for 2014-15 are relatively modest

12 Building on 2013-14 reforms…  The simplified local formula remains  Limited set of factors to be used for school formula distribution  LA proforma submissions in October and January  The high needs system remains broadly as in 2013-14  The Minimum Funding Guarantee continues at -1.5% per pupil (Exclusions apply) The changes for 14-15 are therefore a development of 13-14 and continue the journey towards a national funding formula for pre-16

13 The principal changes for 2014-15 (1)  New factor – an allowance for sparsity, aimed at supporting necessary small schools, mainly in rural areas  Maximum allowable for a sparse school is £100,000 - flat rate or tapered  Eligibility based on size of school and distance to second nearest school: –Primary schools – max: 150 pupils, min: 2 miles distance –Secondary schools – max: 600 pupils, min: 3 miles distance

14 Nearest school Next nearest school 1 mile 2 miles 1 mile 3 miles 5 miles 2 miles 4 miles Key 1 st nearest school Distance to 2 nd nearest school

15 The principal changes for 2014-15 (2)  Changes to the lump sum: –LAs can now choose to have different lump sums for primary and secondary schools – with middle schools getting a weighted average –The lump sum is now capped at £175,000 per school –Where two schools amalgamate the new school will receive 85% of the total of the lump sums of the predecessors for the next full year

16 The principal changes for 2014-15 (3)  Other factors with changes: –The looked after children factor must now apply to any child in care for one day or more –The prior attainment factor has changes in its measurement at Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage 2. For EYFSP it will apply to pupils not achieving a good level of development; for KS2 it is will apply to pupils not achieving level 4 in English or Maths –The mobility factor now applies only when the number of “mobile” pupils exceeds 10%

17 The principal changes for 2014-15 (4)  Other restrictions:  Basic entitlement for primary pupils must be at least £2000; and for secondary pupils at least £3000  At least 80% of delegated funding must be distributed via pupil- led factors  For 2014-15 we are not putting any constraints on the primary/secondary ratio

18 The principal changes for 2014-15 (5)  LAs may create a “falling rolls” fund to support good and outstanding schools and academies with temporary falling rolls in advance of a population bulge  Schools Forum must approve the criteria and be consulted on allocations (and the EFA will check that criteria are compliant)  Schools Forum – membership must include a representative from an institution providing education to 16-19 year olds, other than schools or academies (replacing the 14-19 partnership)

19 Exceptions  Local authorities can apply for exceptions to be made for: –Exceptional premises factors (13-14 approval can be automatically carried forward if criteria still met) –Exclusions from the MFG –Changes in pupil numbers as a result of reorganisation or changes in years of admission –Sparsity calculation if the “crow flies” measure produces perverse results –Variation to the lump sum for amalgamated schools  Ensure that your local authority and Schools Forum are aware of any unusual circumstances for your school

20 The principal changes for 2014-15 – high needs  In 13-14 we recommended that authorities delegated sufficient funding to allow schools to meet up to £6000 of special needs costs. This is now mandatory  Local authorities should develop criteria to support schools with disproportionate numbers of high needs pupils  The operational guidance sets out how high needs places will be adjusted for 2014-15 (further guidance due in July)  For special schools and academies with post-16 pupils we will be consulting on setting the place value at £10,000 in place of the normal post-16 values

21 Factors for 2014/15 allowable factors  Basic entitlement (Compulsory) Minimum set  Deprivation (Compulsory)  Prior attainment Change  Looked after children Change  English as an additional language  Pupil mobility Change  Lump sum Change  Sparsity New  Split sites  Rates  Private Finance Initiative (PFI)  London fringe  Post-16

22 Equal treatment  When constructing the formula, authorities must take into account the characteristics of all maintained schools, academies and free schools in their area.  When incurring central expenditure (other than de-delegated budgets), maintained schools and recoupment academies must be treated on an equivalent basis.  All high needs providers must be treated on an equivalent basis when making placements.

23 Your Role as Business Manager  Develop your understanding of the LA funding formula and its impact for your school or academy.  Accurate Census returns are key to determining the bulk of your funding – ensure an accurate and timely return.  Know who represents you on the Schools Forum and liaise with them about the LA formula for 2014/15.  Make sure the LA is aware of your circumstances which may impact on MFG and or exceptional funding.

24 Sources of information  The announcement on 2014-15 funding arrangements is at – efunding/a00221523/review-of-2013–14-school-funding-arrangements efunding/a00221523/review-of-2013–14-school-funding-arrangements  For the latest guidance on Schools Forums please see – srevenuefunding/schoolsforums/a0070290/guidance-for-schools-forums-on-their- role srevenuefunding/schoolsforums/a0070290/guidance-for-schools-forums-on-their- role  For analysis of LA Proforma return 2013/14 0vfinal.pdf

25 School funding reform 1 School Business Manager North East July 2013

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