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Introduction to Green Microenterprise Development Presented by Liz Penney, Director of Community Outreach, Appalachian Community Enterprises/Georgia Green.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Green Microenterprise Development Presented by Liz Penney, Director of Community Outreach, Appalachian Community Enterprises/Georgia Green."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Green Microenterprise Development Presented by Liz Penney, Director of Community Outreach, Appalachian Community Enterprises/Georgia Green Loans Jason Friedman, Principal Friedman Associates Funded in part by U.S. Small Business Administration PRIME Program

2 Our Objectives Today What do we mean by green microenterprise? What is the role of MDOs in the Green Business Movement? Does green make sense as a strategy for MDOs? What goals does this accomplish? Does it contribute to our bottom line? What are our colleagues doing in this area? What are the elements of a green microenterprise strategy?

3 What Do We Mean by Green?









12 The Green Economy Consumer spending in the green economy is growing rapidly. In 2005 in the U.S. alone, there was a $228.9 billion market for goods and services focused on health, the environment, social justice, personal development and sustainable living. These include purchases related to renewable energy, organic food, alternative fuel vehicles, non-toxic cleaning products, alternative health care and resource-efficient products. This market – sometimes referred to as LOHAS, short for Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability -- is projected to reach $1 trillion annually by 2020 (LOHAS Journal, 2007).

13 Why Now? Demands for increased transparency; Need to support a growing and developing population; Rising public concern for the impacts on the environment; Climate change.

14 How is Green Good Business? Reduce waste =increase profits Increase revenue by recognizing, meeting, anticipating customer expectations for better, safer and more benign products and services. Reduce risk by eliminating hazards to workers, customers, and the world before the regulators require you to!

15 What's Green? How far must a company go to be considered a green business? How do you define a green business?

16 Which Cleaning Business is Green? 1.Uses nontoxic products for residential and office cleaning. 2.Uses its own homemade products and packages into reusable kitchen spray bottles; no shipping required. 3.Like #2, but limits is geographic service area to one neighborhood and employees ride their bikes, eliminating the need to drive. All three could be described as green even though they vary considerably on where they fall on the continuum in terms of sustainability and environmental commitment.

17 Scott Cooney in Build a Green Small Business defines it as one that incorporates the following attributes of environmental commitment into its business plan: 1.Incorporates principles of sustainability into each of its business decisions. All three cleaning companies – looked at operations with environmental commitments in mind. With this focus, then as the business grows and new opportunities arise, they will be able to expand in the greenest manner that is most practical for them. 2. Supplies environmentally friendly products or services that replace demand for non-green products. Patagonia – fleece out of recycled soda bottles; recycles; reduced demand for bleached, chemically farmed cotton products – drives more farmers to organic farming, recycling, less to oil companies.

18 Definitions 3.Greener than traditional competition. Organic farming is clear cut. Many businesses are not. – Is a bike shop green? Downhill Mountain bikes? Likely need to be driven to the mountain and then carried up by chair lift. As opposed to a bike shop that sells commuting and road bikes ride right from their house. 4.Commitment to environmental principles in its business operations.

19 What Green is Not The trouble with green is that it implies just environmental. But sustainability – living and doing business in ways that don't erode the potential for future generations – is commonly referred to as the triple bottom line (TBL) of economic, environmental, and social benefit. Social benefit is not about just doing good. It's also a path to creating significant durable business value.

20 Caution! However, green is not just another sector to target like childcare, arts, or food. What makes green different is that it represents a specific philosophy and set of values about operating a business. The green business conserves natural resources, eliminates waste and stays ecologically in balance. It implement beliefs, policies, and practices that improve the quality of life for their customers, their employees, communities, and the environment.

21 Questions to Consider? How is your organization responding to the Green Business movement? Do you talk about sustainability with your clients? Does green make sense as a business strategy for MDOs? What goals does this accomplish? Does it reflect your mission? Should it? Does it contribute to our bottom line?

22 Green = Organizational Sustainability? Also, from an institutional perspective, developing expertise in green business development can lead to: – Increased visibility; – New strategic alliances; – New funding; and – Increased sustainability.

23 What roles are other MDOs playing in the Green Business Movement?

24 Enterprise for Equity, Washington State Thomas grew his business from a traditional janitorial service to a Green Certified janitorial business. His services are in greater demand among some customers because of his certification – and he is able to charge a much higher rate. More than 25% of E4E businesses now selling their products or services in the region have a sustainability focus.

25 Specialized Workshops

26 AnewAmerica's Green Business Certificate Program (San Jose, CA) Encourage entrepreneurs to adopt green, sustainable business practices. Entrepreneurs reach green business certification levels by greening their operations or offering a green good or service. All AnewAmerica certified green business owners must have an active social responsibility plan. Providing green business support through implementing green curriculum in its Virtual Business Incubator classes and hosting green business experts as guest speakers and coaching from current green business owners and professional consultants.

27 Latino Economic Development Corporation, Washington, DC. In communities across North America, BALLE (Business Alliance for Local Living Economies) networks are launching campaigns to help consumers and entrepreneurs think locally. Created a business alliance, Local First DC, to promote small, local, and independent businesses, educating communities about the value of shopping locally, and advocating for the implementation of economically and environmentally sustainable business practices.

28 LEDC Greening Your Garbage Workshop LEDCs Local First DC developed a workshop for businesses to learn how to improve and implement waste, recycling and composting programs in their small business. Learn from entrepreneurs who are composting their waste: Local recycler of bio-degradable Commercial composter Grease recycler Find local suppliers of environmentally friendly products Hear about DC's recycling and composting initiatives from the District Department of the Environment

29 LEDC – Green Cleaning Staff developed a course for owners of cleaning companies that are looking for an edge over their competition. Explain the advantages of green cleaning, recommend products, analyze the demand for these services in the DC area, and teach how to market the benefits of green cleaning. Connect to distributors and wholesalers who sell these products and provide free samples Developed with Anca Novacovici, owner of eco coach ( and author of the book "Sustainability 101: A toolkit for your Business"


31 Other Green Training and Workshop Ideas The Key Principles and Steps to Incorporating Green & Environmentally Responsible Practices into Your Small Business Evaluating environmental and natural resource market issues and identifying green business opportunities Understanding Green Marketing Terms and Labels and their Potential for Benefits for Your Business. Greening Hospitality Green Waste Management, Green Gardening and Green Landscaping Business Opportunities

32 Specialized Business Technical Assistance

33 How Green Is Your Daycare? Questions For Caregivers Are employees allowed to smoke at or near the facility? Are pesticides used within or outside the facility at any time? Do you use least-toxic cleaners free of irritating chemicals, like chlorine, ammonia and synthetic fragrances? Are staff trained in eco-friendly practices, such as integrated pest management and the use of least-toxic cleaners? Do you test water for lead? Does the facility have wall-to-wall carpets, which gather dirt and expose children to allergens or throw-rugs that are cleaned regularly? Was chomated copper arsenate-treated wood used in any outdoor playset or furniture? Has soil been tested for contaminants? Do you use any art supplies on the CA Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment's list of products which cannot be used in grades K through 6? Do you monitor air for carbon monoxide?

34 Sustainability Assessments: Neighborhood Assets, Spokane, Washington Approved loan clients receive a thorough sustainability assessment conducted by Sustainable Local Investments Project (SLIP).sustainability Coalition of public and private organizations in the area SLIP provides access to specialists in the community who can help businesses make cost effective investments in energy conservation, alternative energy sources, waste reduction, and other environmental improvements. Commit to implementing certain recommendations from the SCORE assessment, they are given a 2 point discount on their loan. Follow up to ensure that they follow through on those implementation steps.

35 Green Sustainability Checklists General sustainability checklists.checklists Heres another For a landscaping business.landscaping Food facilities business. Food

36 Green America Founded in 1982, Green America is a national nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. Empowers individuals to make purchasing and investing choices that promote social justice and environmental sustainability. Demanding an end to corporate irresponsibility through collective economic action; Promoting green and fair trade business principles while building the market for businesses adhering to these principles; Building sustainable communities in the US and abroad.

37 Green Business Network Certification ProgramCertification Program Actively use their businesses as tools for positive social change; Run "values-driven" enterprises that operate according to principles of social justice and environmental sustainability; Are socially and environmentally responsible in the way they source, manufacture, and market their products and run their offices and factories; and Are committed to developing and employing extraordinary practices that benefit workers, customers, communities, and the environment.

38 Green Business Network Certification Program If approved for full membership, the company receives a free 25-word listing in both the online version and the next print edition of the National Green Pages, the right to use our exclusive Green Business Seal of Approval, and eligibility for advertising in our popular green consumer publications.

39 Green Business Financing

40 Mountain Association for Community Economic Development (MACED) MACED works in eastern Kentucky & Central Appalachia to create economic opportunity, strengthen democracy and support the sustainable use of natural resources. The Energy Efficient Enterprises (E3) program helps businesses realize cost savings through the use of energy efficient equipment and systems or through renewable energy sources. Begins with an on-site energy assessment, followed by recommendations for change & assistance with identifying and choosing an independent installation company. MACED provides financing for identified improvements at low rates and flexible terms for each enterprise.


42 Liz Penney, Director of Community Outreach

43 Our mission is to provide Access to Capital, Connections, and Education to help new and existing small businesses. ACE provides loans of $500 to $50,000 in 68 North Georgia counties, including the Atlanta metro area. ACE is an SBA Microloan Intermediary and CDFI. Since 2000, ACE has loaned over $4.5 million and created or retained over 1000 jobs. About ACE

44 44 A new brand… Georgia Green Loans provides capital to start or expand an eco-friendly product or service or green an existing business What is Georgia Green Loans?

45 45 1,917 unique visitors since May 2009; ranked high in Google due to blog, Facebook and Videos

46 Green industry businesses, including alternative energy, organic farming, recycling, conservation, green building and pollution prevention. Traditional businesses who want to implement green products or services, make energy efficiency improvements, or become more sustainable. Target Markets New jobs come from new young firms. Kauffman Entrepreneur Foundation, 2009

47 47 Customers: Commercial Public sector Non-profit organizations Goals: Control costs Save energy Create a comprehensive energy strategy, and Achieve an excellent return on investment. Success = SolarFlex Technologies

48 Eastanollee, Georgia Main produce: Blackberries Currently three part-time workers GOALS: Wholesale production local employees Georgia Grown/Georgia Made This area used to be all textiles…it can become an agricultural force in Northeast Georgia - Arthur Thomas, Owner/Founder Success: Georgia Mountain Berry Farms

49 Energy efficient exterior doors using recycled materials Received loan for expansion Three employees added since loan was made Every component of our metal and glass doors is American Made! Plus, no one else is building these doors in the US. - Israel Greene, Owner Success: American Installation Corp.

50 50 Success = Better for Babies, Inc. Inspired overseas Better for Babies, Inc. now has its roots firmly planted, and growing, outside Atlanta. Owner Leah Carter, opened her own manufacturing facility near her towns square. Leah and her partner, Lauren Parker, operate local sustainable production, fair wages, green business practices, and an uncompromising commitment to quality products, innovation and customer service. Little Beetle organic diapers and wool covers

51 51 Results Thus Far… 16 green loans for a total of $377,756. Average green loan size of $23,610. Created/retained 84 full time and 4 part time green jobs.

52 52 Georgia Green Loans Metrics Demographic Data collected on all loans Environmental Benefits? Energy conservation through reduction Energy efficiency improvements Renewable energy generated Toxic substances reduced, reused, recycled or eliminated Waste products reduced, reused, recycled or eliminated Water quality preservation Water use reduction Other? Business Benefits? Lower Fuel Costs Renewable energy created Toxic substances eliminated Waste costs reduced or eliminated Water quality enhanced Water use/cost reduced Other?

53 53 ACE has been awarded $700,000 through GEFA, Georgia Environment Facilities Authority, to provide small businesses in North Georgia, including metro Atlanta, with education, technical assistance and funding for energy efficiency strategies. 70 energy audit grants to small businesses 70 small business loans for energy upgrades 175 jobs created or retained Energy consumption measured to determine impact Work with industry groups to target high energy users * Calculated on ACEs Georgia Green Loans multiplier ARRA Commercial Energy Efficiency Grant

54 54 Georgia Green Loans Advisory Council Guide the green loan program Provide expertise in green business development Bring connections to potential funders and individual donors Assist in guiding the establishment of Georgia Green Loans in the state of Georgia Leaders in the community and people with highly respected skills in critical areas At least two members will be current clients of GGL 2 year term; meet quarterly Examples: Georgia Organics, Southface Energy Institute, foundations

55 55 Collaboration with other lenders Collaboration with two other lenders: SBAC (Small Business Assistance Corp out of Savannah) and ACT (Albany Community Together, Inc.) When a business goes to the website to apply for a loan, their county selection automatically routes them to the organization that handles that area Recent approval by SBA to split non-served middle Georgia counties

56 02/28/10 ACE Self Greening Initiative as of 2/17/2010 Weatherize Video Conference Recycle and Green Policy Goal: Reduce electrical costs associated with conditioning ACE office. Steps Taken: Energy Audit has been conducted. Bids taken for Insulation and HVAC. Data capture spreadsheets created to capture effects and payoff Status: Larry is discussing bids with partner, awaiting outcome Goal: Reduce travel costs and Green House Emissions Steps Taken: Discussed technology/equipment with James. Data capture spreadsheets designed to capture savings, payoff, and emission reductions Status: Waiting on Green light to purchase equipment and set up Skype at various locations Goal: Recycle, Reduce, Reuse through efficient workplace behavior Steps Taken: Weekly Recycling pickup service. Recycling boxes added to make recycling easier. Status: Need to brainstorm on ways to balance consumption and productivity. Create a policy that reduces office costs and promotes green behavior.

57 So, what are the next steps for my organization?

58 #1 Develop Your Organizational Sustainability Plan Effective practitioners model sound business behaviors to their clients. Use the tools provided to develop your own plan. Start with practical, cost-effective steps and build on it.

59 #2: Do your homework: What does the green sector look like in your community?

60 2: Build your knowledge base & seek out experts economic development organizations, state economists, renewable energy entrepreneurs, farmers, business people who market green building materials, sustainability advocates, environmental organizations, recycling program coordinators, agricultural researchers, university extension agents, environmental lawyers, community development consultants, pollution remediators, composters, green building contractors Green entrepreneurs in your community!

61 Step 3: Begin the Dialogue with Your Clients Incorporate language about sustainability into the curriculum and encourage clients to build those concepts into their business plan. Ask them to sign a sustainability pledge. Use/adapt the sustainability/certification checklists.sustainability pledge Partner with a local government green certification program.

62 #4: Convene Gatherings Join a local business sustainability group or convene a gathering of local experts to talk about green business opportunities. From this dialogue, you may identify opportunities and gaps in the sector and help develop a plan to address them. You may also identify potential resource providers, volunteers, mentors, and stakeholders to help you launch a green initiative.

63 #5: Start a Pilot Project Start your green initiative with a simple workshop for your clients on The Basics of Starting a Green Business. Invite local businesses and experts to lend their perspective and provide advice. By this time, youll have a good idea on the feasibility of launching a broader set of services, including specialized training, technical assistance and lending. Talk with staff from green job training programs to assess interest in a self-employment training for contractors.

64 #6: Broaden Your Case Statement for Support Taking a proactive role in green business development will appeal to funders and donors who are increasingly directing their investments toward organizations and businesses that contribute to a clean, healthy environment, embrace equal opportunity and produce safe and useful products. Look at your current list of donors to assess their potential interest in a green initiative.

65 Resources Green Branding: Why Originality Matters by Jerry Stifelman originality.php originality.php Naturally Successful Video: Green Resource Took KitTook Kit

66 Upcoming Webinars Green Marketing and Messaging for Microentrepreneurs Developing Collaborations to Support Green Microenterprise Development Green Microfinance Organizational Development Implications for Green Microenterprise

67 Thanks! For Further Information: Elizabeth Penney Director of Community Outreach Appalachian Community Enterprises (cell) Jason Friedman, Principal Friedman Associates

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