Presentation on theme: "Hands-On Universe, Europe Bringing frontline interactive astronomy to the classroom 8 European partners Université Pierre et Marie."— Presentation transcript:
Hands-On Universe, Europe Bringing frontline interactive astronomy to the classroom 8 European partners Université Pierre et Marie Curie (France) - F-HOU Coordinator Philekpaideftiki Etaireia (Greece) Fondazione IDIS – Citta Della Scienza (Italy) Centrum Fizyki Teoretycznej Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Poland) Nucleo Interactivo de Astronomia (Portugal) Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain) Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University (Sweden) Armagh Planetarium (United Kingdom)
Continuous production of new innovative pedagogical resources: users-friendly software, astronomical data, exercises, multimedia supports; trans-disciplinary in essence (astronomy, physics, mathematics, history, language...); available in English and in different languages. Pedagogical use of worldwide telescope networks operated remotely via Internet. New innovative observing tools (webcam system, radio-antenna...) to be used directly by pupils (at no cost). Creation of a European network of researchers and middle/high school teachers for promotion of scientific and technological education; help to gear the education system to research and development. web site with a free access multilingual portal to all available resources. Dissemination through workshops and teacher training sessions. Overall objectives
Web site : 1 European site and 8 national sites (http://www.fr.euhou.net/, etc.) with a Content Management System (CMS). Each site is composed of :+ a public Web site + an internal Web site/publication interface + an administration interface Hosted by the server of the project (located in the UPMC computing centre, daily back-up + baies RAID) Each partner is responsible of its national site.
We are ready to welcome new partners within the web site
Robotic Telescopes in Education Cutting edge technology Cross-curricular, contribute to key skills Exciting and stimulating projects Student ownership of projects Thrill of real discovery Real time, real science Motivating to study science/maths/ICT/technology Exciting Inspiring Educational INO Faulkes LCOGT
Observing tools : Webcam system Skyview The Polish partner has designed and produced a low cost Webcam system which allows classrooms to perform themselves night observations. A complete software manual is available, together with pedagogical tools for studying, for instance, the variability of the brightest stars. About 20 teachers have received one in each country.
Observing tools : Onsala radio telescope The Swedish partner has developped in Onsala a 2.3 m prototype radio telescope, dedicated to real time observations via Internet from classrooms. A complete manual for observing the 21 cm hydrogen line in the Milky Way is available. This radio telescope can be duplicated for (+1000 for transportation)
Observing tools : Jodrell Bank radio telescope In the frame of RADIONET/FP6-7 the 7 m radio telescope of Jodrell Bank is dedicated to real time observations via Internet from EU- HOU classrooms during 2 months. A complete set of educational material for observing the 21 cm hydrogen line in the Milky Way and local galaxies is available.
Pedagogical resources : SalsaJ software Didactical software for image and data handling Such A Lovely Software for Astronomy, in Java Multi-platform (Windows, Linux, Mac) Java, modularity; easily extensible to implement new fonctionnalities Adaptation in different languages; recently in arabic; chinese in progress Free of charge (download from the EU-HOU web site) Up to date sources (derived from the free medical research tool ImageJ developed at NIH); adapted to astronomy; friendly tool for classrooms Developed by F-HOU ; SalsaJ v2.0 to be released by the end of 2007
SalsaJ: a multilingual interface
Pedagogical resources : exercises F-HOU: From the Doppler effect to extrasolar planets; distances to Cepheids Gr-HOU: The life of stars; stellar population It-HOU: How to weight a distant galaxy ? Pl-HOU: Webcam astronomy; variable stars; distances to Cepheids, etc. Pt-HOU: What is a star ? Se-HOU: Radio astronomy in the classroom; hydrogen in the Milky Way Sp-HOU: The solar system as a math laboratory UK-HOU: Voyage through space (EduSpace/ESA); Faulkes telescopes Learning science by doing science: to propose hands-on activities based on real astronomical data, inspired from research:
GOAL Introduce high school students to theoretical models in physics and astronomy Stellar model Plancks law Stefan-Boltzmanns law Wiens law HR Diagram
The Swedish contribution to EU-HOU: A Hands-On Radio Astronomy exercise Mapping the Milky Way using atomic hydrogen
Hydrogen 21 cm line Hydrogen (H) – the most abundant element in the universe Abundant in our Galaxy Atomic hydrogen in the ground state – hyperfine transition –The electrons spin becomes anti-parallel to the protons –Radiation at 1420 MHz – 21 cm is emitted Radio frequency – the atmospheric window is open
Radio spectrum Observations in the Galactic disc The purple line: line-of-sight Radio lines correspond to spiral arms
Rotation Curve Keplarian rotation (Solar system) –V~1/R Solid body rotation (cdrom…) –V~R Differential rotation (The Milky Way) –V=Constant Dark matter
11 spectra Spectre Date t (days).λ 1 ( Ǻ) 1 Ǻ = m λ 1 - λ Na1 ( Ǻ) 1 Ǻ = m V E = c.(λ 1 - λ Na1 )/ λ Na1 (km/s) , , , , , , , , , , ,
Radial velocity curve as a function of time V rad = V 0 + W cos ( 2 t/T + b) = 5,9 (km/s) + 23,2 (km/s) cos ( t days /(10,4 days ) + b) w w V0V0 T/2 = 5,2 days Kepler law ; m<
The black hole at the center of the Milky Way Estimation of the Hubble constant
How to weight a galaxy ?
v longitudinal / c = 2 v sin(i) / c v longitudinal / c = 2 v sin(i) / c To weight a galaxy
M kg 0,82 arcsecs 39,7 Mpc 1 pixel Vitesse de rotation des bras autour du noyau de la galaxie : Le décalage spectral augmente à partir du noyau pour atteindre une valeur quasi constante v 7 de 7 pixels lorsque la distance au centre du noyau dépasse 10 pixels. V 7 = (7/7231) / (2 sin(53°)) = 181 km/s Distribution de masse et rayon daction : Nous supposons une distribution homogène à symétrie sphérique, nous prenons r = 10 pixels (cest notamment ce point que lon peut discuter et que la version approfondie de lexercice permettra daméliorer). Dautre part, la galaxie est à 39,7 Mpc de distance 0,82 arcsecs/pixels ; 1 arcsec = / ( ) = 4, rad ; 1pc = 3, m, doù 1 pixel = angle en radian. distance en mètres 1 pixel = 0,82. 4, , , m = 4, m Estimation « mécanique » de la masse pour r 10 pixels M = v² r / G = ( 1, )². 4, / 6, M = [1,81².4,88/6,67] kg kg Ceci est bien lordre de grandeur des masses des galaxies ; la masse effective de la galaxie sera dautant plus grande quon étendra r ; pour des calculs plus fins, voir la version approfondie de cet exercice.
Dissemination : Leaflets Web site Stages for students TRA training sessions Events
« Human » solar system or Orrery Stages L3/UPMC at the Armagh Observatory (in English) Kepler laws Bethleem star Then, students can visit schools in France
Dissemination : teacher training Training workshops in English were proposed to TRA (cost covered): almost 100 teachers Torun (Poland) October 2005; OHP 9-12 March 2006; Napoli September Plus national training. Training Resource Agents (TRA) are teachers eager to : learn about the various EU-HOU outputs adapt European resources to national curricula use them in their schools train other teachers/educators about the resources By the end of 2006, roughly 20 schools x 8 countries x 60 pupils more than European pupils have used EU-HOU