Presentation on theme: "CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN A TRANSFORMING SOCIETY: MOTIVATIONAL FORCES, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND TRUST INSTITUTE FOR POLICY STUDIES Duration of the project: 2 years."— Presentation transcript:
CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN A TRANSFORMING SOCIETY: MOTIVATIONAL FORCES, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND TRUST INSTITUTE FOR POLICY STUDIES Duration of the project: 2 years
Research Team Institute for policy studies 2 Nana Sumbadze - Principal investigator PHD in Social Sciences Anastasia Kitiashvili – Senior researcher PHD in Psychology Natia Ubilava – Junior researcher - MS student in social psychology
Aim of the project Institute for policy studies 3 To identify the motivation for joining voluntary organizations To study: The perceived benefits of group membership Causes that hinder citizen’s participation in public life Ways to increase participation
Methodology The study has two phases, qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative phase studies: Perceptions of persons who are involved and of those not involved in voluntary organizations of participation by focus group discussions Quantitative phase studies: Motives, benefits of participation, level of control and belonging motivations and social networks of members and non- members of voluntary organizations will be studied by survey instrument containing designed for the study questions, standard scales and questions referring to ego-networks The study is carried out on members of the two types of organizations: Associations with a distinct instrumental function, such as political parties and professional associations; Associations with a distinct expressive function, such as congregation and fan clubs.
Expected Results Institute for policy studies 5 Results of the study: Will bring insight in the established world-wide negative association of generalized trust with membership of voluntary associations in post-communist countries Will point to the leading motives for engagement in different types of associations Will provide an answer to socialization effect of membership on generalized trust Will provide a picture of important relationships and their connectivity, level of inclusion of association members in personal social milieu
Focus Group Discussion Participants Institute for policy studies 6 8 focus group discussions involving 70 persons were held with members of: Political parties Trade Unions Professional organizations Fan clubs Congregations Students and citizens not involved in voluntary organizations
Discussion Topics Institute for policy studies 7 Motivation for joining associations Benefits of membership Most common activities Reasons hindering citizen’s involvement in associations Ways of increasing participation
Motivation for joining Associations (1) Institute for policy studies 8 Oriented at others/society oriented Achieving goals Bringing change Good leader Feeling of effectiveness of one’s involvement, belief that it is necessary and will yield results Oriented at inner/self Need of self-realization Feeling of dissatisfaction/ emptiness Feeling of helplessness Interest Need of others in pursuing own interests
Motivation for joining Associations (2) Institute for policy studies 9 Instrumental Need to fill in the time Getting support Obtaining protection Obtaining material benefits Career advances Getting power Access to information Access to privileges Need of others in pursuing own interests
Benefits of membership (1) Institute for policy studies 10 Associated with the society Bringing change Be listened and one’s opinion be considered Increase sensitivity to the cause of organization Possibility to achieve the goal Shrinkage of state power system
Benefits of membership (2) Institute for policy studies 11 Associated with the self Learning and getting new experience Obtaining protection Prestige Advances in career Self-growth and Self-realization Increase of self-esteem Feeling of belonging Making contacts Pleasure and sharing Relaxation and peace of mind Pride Satisfaction of the need in public activity
Reasons hindering citizen’s involvement in associations Institute for policy studies 12 Associated with the society/others Mistrust in leader Socio-economic conditions in the country Disregard of citizens by authorities and fear of authorities Lack of feeling of citizenship/ownership of the country Lack of solidarity in a society Lack of tradition of participation Lack of offers to become a member and restricted choice for participation Restriction of free expression of opinions Not seeing benefits of membership Scarcity of information Associated with the self Lack of time Unwillingness to take responsibility Not seeing effectiveness of own activities Satisfied, through friendship networks social needs Lack of initiative and nihilism
Ways of increasing participation Institute for policy studies 13 Education Teaching tools for participation Informing Effective leadership Involvement of youth Building trust in others Building feeling of ownership/citizenship Achieving small results and publicizing them Promoting participation Supporting free expression of opinion by authorities Creating variety of organizations Creating organizations with concrete goals and ways of achieving them Ensuring the spirit of respect to others and tolerance to different opinion Ensuring the stability of organizations
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