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Building Customer Relationships Through Effective Marketing

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1 Building Customer Relationships Through Effective Marketing
Chapter 11 Building Customer Relationships Through Effective Marketing

2 Learning Objectives Understand the meaning of marketing and the importance of management of customer relationships. Explain how marketing adds value by creating several forms of utility. Trace the development of the marketing concept and understand how it is implemented. Understand what markets are and how they are classified. Identify the four elements of the marketing mix and be aware of their importance in developing a marketing strategy. Explain how the marketing environment affects strategic market planning. Understand the major components of a marketing plan. Describe how market measurement and sales forecasting are used. Distinguish between a marketing information system and marketing research. Identify the major steps in the consumer buying decision process and the sets of factors that may influence this process.

3 Marketing …an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating, and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders.

4 Table 11.1: Major Marketing Functions

5 Exchange Between Buyer and Seller
Source: William M. Pride and O. C. Ferrell, Marketing: Concepts and Strategies, 15th ed. (Mason, Ohio: South-Western/Cengage Learning, 2010). Adapted with permission.

6 Relationship Marketing
…establishing long-term, mutually satisfying buyer-seller relationships. Successful marketers respond to customer needs and strive to continually increase value to buyers over time.

7 Customer Relationship Marketing
…using information about customers to create marketing strategies that develop and sustain desirable customer relationships.

8 Customer Lifetime Value
…a combination of purchase frequency, average value of purchases, and brand-switching patterns over the entire span of a customer’s relationships with a company.

9 …the ability of a good or service to satisfy a human need.
Utility …the ability of a good or service to satisfy a human need.

10 Types of Utility Form: converting production inputs into finished products Place: making a product available at a location where customers wish to purchase it Time: making a product available when customers wish to purchase it Possession: transferring title (or ownership) of a product to a buyer

11 Figure 11.1: Types of Utility

12 Marketing Concept …a business philosophy that a firm should provide goods and services that satisfy customers’ needs through a coordinated set of activities that allows the firm to achieve its objectives.

13 Table 11.2: Evolution of Customer Orientation

14 Evolution of the Marketing Concept
Marketing Orientation Sales Orientation Production Orientation 1850 1900 1950 2000 Source: Adapted from William M. Pride and O.C. Ferrell, Foundations of Marketing, 3rd ed., © 2009 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

15 Implementing Marketing Concept
Obtain information Determine needs Determine how needs are currently satisfied Learn how products might be improved Find out opinions customers have of firm and marketing efforts Use information to pinpoint specific needs and potential customers

16 Mobilize Marketing Resources
Provide product Price product Promote product Distribute product Obtain information

17 Market …a group of individuals or organizations, or both, that need products in a given category and that have the ability, willingness, and authority to purchase such products.

18 Market Classifications
Business-to-Consumer (B2C) Business-to-Business (B2B)

19 Business-to-Consumer Markets
…consist of purchasers and/or household members who intend to consume or benefit from the purchased products and who do not buy products to make profits.

20 Business-to-Business Markets
…are grouped broadly into producer, reseller, governmental, and institutional categories…. They purchase specific kinds of products for use in making other products, for resale, or for day-to-day operations.

21 B2B Markets Producer : buys certain products to use in manufacture of other products Reseller: buys finished products and sells them for profit Governmental: buys goods and services to maintain internal operations and to provide products to citizens Institutional: buys goods for goals unrelated to profit, market share, or return on investment

22 Marketing Strategy …a plan that will enable an organization to make the best use of its resources and advantages to meet its objectives.

23 Using the Internet The American Marketing Association’s website is an excellent resource for marketing information.

24 Parts of Marketing Strategy
Select/analyze target market Create/maintain appropriate marketing mix

25 Marketing Mix …a combination of product, price, distribution, and promotion developed to satisfy a particular target market.

26 Target Market …a group of individuals or organizations, or both, for which a firm develops and maintains a marketing mix suitable for the specific needs and preferences of that group.

27 Marketing Managers Examine potential markets for possible effect on firm’s sales, costs, and profits Determine if organization has the resources to produce a marketing mix that meets the needs of a target market Determine if satisfying those needs is consistent with firm’s objectives Analyze competitors

28 Approaches of Selecting Target Market
Undifferentiated Company designs a single marketing mix and directs it at the entire market for a particular product Market segmentation Company divides a market into segments and directs marketing mix at particular segment or segments rather than the total market

29 Market Segment …a group of individuals or organizations within a market that shares one or more common characteristics.

30 Figure 11.2: Selecting Target Markets
The letters in each target market represent potential customers. Customers that have the same letters have similar characteristics and similar product needs.

31 Table 11.3: Common Bases of Market Segmentation
Source: William M. Pride and O. C. Ferrell, Marketing: Concepts and Strategies, 15th ed. (Mason, Ohio: South-Western/Cengage Learning, 2010). Adapted with permission.

32 Advertisers’ Classification of Audiences
Name Age (2003) Needs Influencer Millennials <25 Tech Savvy Grew up in prosperous times Gen X-ers 25–38 Media Savvy Grew up in economic downturn Boomers 39–58 Avid Consumers Deny aging process Matures 57+ Practical, pragmatic Money conscious MediaKnowAll, “Audience Research”,

33 Figure 11.3: The Marketing Mix and the Marketing Environment

34 Product Decisions Design Brand Name Packaging Warranties

35 Pricing Decisions Spotlight
Base Price Discounts Goals Maximize profit Make room for new models Spotlight Source: Bayer Consulting for Deloitte LLP survey of 1,006 people ages 17 to 28.

36 Distribution Decisions
Transportation Storage Selection of Intermediaries Number of levels Width of distribution 36

37 Promotion Decisions Advertising Personal Selling Sales Promotion
Public Relations 37

38 Controllable Elements of Mix Can Also Be Varied for...
Organizational goals Marketing goals Target markets 38

39 Forces of External Marketing Mix
Economic Sociocultural Political Competitive Legal & regulatory Technological 39

40 Marketing Plan …a written document that specifies an organization’s resources, objectives, strategy, and implementation and control efforts to be used in marketing a specific product or product group. 40

41 Describes firm’s current position
Marketing Plan Describes firm’s current position Establishes marketing objectives for product Specifies how the organization will attempt to achieve these objectives Time frame Short-range = 1 year or less Medium-range = 1 to 5 years Long-range = 5+ years 41

42 Marketing Plan Is Used for...
Communication among employees Assignment of responsibilities/tasks Schedules for implementation How resources allocated Monitor/evaluate performance 42

43 Table 11.4: Components of Marketing Plan
Source: William M. Pride and O. C. Ferrell, Marketing: Concepts and Strategies, 15th ed. (Mason, Ohio: South-Western/Cengage Learning, 2010). Reprinted with permission.. 43

44 Sales Forecast …an estimate of the amount of a product that an organization expects to sell during a certain period of time based on a specified level of marketing effort. 44

45 Surveys of buyers/sales personnel Time-series analyses
Forecasting Methods Executive judgments Surveys of buyers/sales personnel Time-series analyses Correlation analyses Market tests 45

46 Marketing Information System
…a system for managing marketing information that is gathered continually from internal and external sources. 46

47 Sources of Information
Internal Sales figures Product/marketing costs Inventory levels Activities of sales force External Organization’s suppliers Intermediaries Customers Competitors’ activities Economic conditions 47

48 Information Can Include
Daily sales reports Forecasts of sales/buying trends Reports on changes in market share 48

49 Marketing Research …the process of systematically gathering, recording, and analyzing data concerning a particular marketing problem. 49

50 Table 11.5: The Six Steps of Market Research

51 Technology and Marketing Information
Database Single-Source Data Online Information Services Internet Nielsen Advertising Age Intranet 51

52 Table 11.6: Internet Sources of Marketing Information
Source: William M. Pride and O. C. Ferrell, Marketing: Concepts and Strategies, 15th ed. (Mason, Ohio: South-Western/Cengage Learning, 2010). Reprinted with permission. 52

53 Buying Behavior …the decisions and actions of people involved in buying and using products. 53

54 Consumer Buying Behavior
…the purchasing of products for personal or household use, not for business purposes. 54

55 Figure 11.4: Consumer Decision Process and Influences

56 Business Buying Decision Process and Possible Influences on the Process
Source: William M. Pride and O. C. Ferrell, Marketing: Concepts and Strategies, 13th ed. Copyright © 2006 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Adapted with permission. 56

57 Personal Income …the income an individual receives from all sources less the Social Security taxes the individual must pay.. 57

58 …personal income less all additional personal taxes.
Disposable Income …personal income less all additional personal taxes. 58

59 Discretionary Income …disposable income less savings and expenditures on food, clothing, and housing. 59

60 Business Buying Behavior
…the purchasing of products by producers, resellers, governmental units, and institutions. 60

61 Business Buyers Consider Usually Quality Price Service provided
Better informed Buy in larger quantities 61

62 Business Buying Occurs Through...
Description Inspection Sampling Negotiation 62

63 Chapter Quiz The utility created by transferring title of a product to the buyer is called __________ utility. form time production place possession 63

64 Chapter Quiz J.C. Penney is considered to be a member of which type of market? Business-to-business Reseller Consumer Producer Institutional 64

65 Chapter Quiz The ingredient of the marketing mix concerned with product design, brand names, packaging, and warranties is pricing. quality. product. distribution. promotion. 65

66 Chapter Quiz All of the following are true of marketing plans except that they should not be modified. include details of task scheduling. specify task objectives. describe the firm’s current situation. focus on a particular product or product group. 66

67 Chapter Quiz In this chapter, MIS refers to _________ system.
merged information major information marketing information market influential minor information 67

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