Presentation on theme: "College Tutoring Resource Center"— Presentation transcript:
1 College Tutoring Resource Center ISAM Website ProjectCollege Tutoring Resource CenterWebsite - Analysis, Architecture & DesignAlan KorullaBrian Sai
2 Research Paper (Source) eLearn MagazineVolume 2005, Issue 8 (August 2005), Page 2Tutorial: The basics of e-learning: an excerpt from Handbook of Human Factors in Web DesignLisa Neal, Diane Miller
3 Introduction (Analysis) Distant Education provides a richer and more engaging educational experience than a confined classroom.It requires creativity and innovationDesign and development of Internet-delivered materials,Use of delivery technologies, mainly because materials may have to stand alone.
4 Definition of Distance Education Defined as:education that takes place independent of location, and may be independent of time in contrast to education delivered solely in the classroom at a specific time.Other terms used: Computer based learning, online learning, Web-based learning, and e-learning.
5 Comparison to Traditional Education Lack of Physical Proximity.Reduced Team Building CapabilitiesForm of Delivery.Student Supervision.More generalized approach as the material is for a vast variety of people.
6 Prospects of Distance Education Predictions involve the slow demise of the classroom.However, it does not remove or eliminate the need for the classroom. (E-commerce/Stores, /Telephones, IT/Paper).
7 Popularity of Distance Education Factors leading to popularity:Cost: reduced expenses (transportation, institutional)Time Saving / Reduced Learner Fatigue:e-learning provides greater flexibility to take a class at optimal times for the learner based on preferences or schedule constraints.Increased Accessibility: provide more learning opportunities to diverse students independent of location.Increased access to experts: easy to offer a guest lecturer to a course / no travel needed.
8 Types of E-Learning Asynchronous e-Learning Synchronous e-Learning includes any situation where learning is done independent of location and time.Synchronous e-Learninginvolves real-time interaction and independent of location.
9 Asynchronous Web-based Training Advantages:online materials can be updated and also distributed more easily.no time constraints.Wide variety of information available on the internet during the learning process.Disadvantages:Interaction, need for Internet access, cost in development.
10 Technologies for Delivering Asynchronous Courses Act as a speedier version of the traditional correspondence course. Typically, used for teacher-student communication and student-student exchange (group work).Discussion Forums:Provide a channel for discussion on specific course topics as well as informal exchanges carried out asynchronously over time.Responses can be grouped by the use of threaded discussion forums. Extremely effective, increased participation and learning is enhanced through discussions.Access to wide variety of Learning resources including digital libraries.
11 Synchronous Web-based Training Advantage:Real-time interaction, powerful methods of delivery.Disadvantages:Higher over head costs mainly due to need for more hardware and communication capabilities. Availability of this technology to the wide variety of the students involved.May not be as structured like Asynchronous.
12 Technologies for Delivering Synchronous Courses Audio conferencing:Uses the telephone or voice over Internet protocol (VoIP).Whiteboard:An electronic version of a dry-erase board.Instant Messaging (IM) and Text ChatVirtual Worlds: (demonstrations)Videoconferencing
13 Steps in Building an E-Learning Platform PlanningDesign, Develop, and StructureInstructional DesignUsability PrinciplesSelection of MediaTesting and GradingEvaluation
14 Planning Amount of interaction Course delivery: between instructor and student and also between students.Course delivery:synchronous, asynchronous, self-paced, or a blended solution.Course style and components:lectures, discussion, and online materials including projects, simulations, and tests.
15 Design, Develop, and Structure Online Courses Most instructional development evolves by trial and error.Focus should be on learning not technology.Distance education is almost always developed by teams.Teacher may be developer and other people are involved in the delivery process.
16 Types of People Involved Project manageroversee planning, schedules, and purchasing.Subject matter expertdetermines and validates content.Instructional designerensures that learning takes place.Graphic designeruses authoring programs to implement instructional designer's ideas.Programmerenters course content and builds interactive exercises.Quality assurance specialisttests and evaluates.
17 Types of People Involved Interface designerdetermines look and feel to fit student needs.Multimedia developerincorporates audio, video, and animation.Writer or editorcreates text and verifies grammar and style.Web masterhandles technical support and maintains hardware and network connections.Librarianprovides resources.
18 Usability PrinciplesElements of usability: Easy to learn and remember, reliable, user satisfaction.ReadabilityEase of Navigation.Progress Indicators & Feedback.Frequent and meaningful student- instructor and student-student interaction to facilitate a sense of course community
19 Testing and GradingOnline Grading Tools can perform calculations and help in the analysis of performance and can also be exported to other applications.They can be automated but can also remain flexible.Testing of participation can be done by evaluating the discussion forum logs.
20 EvaluationUse of technology - student familiarity, problems, positive aspects, attitude toward technology, usefulness, skills learnt.Class formats - effectiveness of lecture/presentations, discussion, Q&A; quality of questions or problems raised.Course content - relevancy, adequate body of knowledge, organization, pointers to supporting resources.Assignments - usefulness, degree of difficulty & time required, timeliness of feedback.Tests - frequency, relevancy, sufficient review, difficulty, feedback
21 EvaluationSupport services - library, resources, instructor responses.Student attitude - attendance, assignments submission, participation.Instructor - contribution as a discussion leader, effectiveness, organization, preparation, enthusiasm, openness to student views, feedback frequency.