Presentation on theme: "Estonia is a small country and areas of unspoiled nature are very rare. Our plants and animals have only been developing for about 10,000 years, since."— Presentation transcript:
Estonia is a small country and areas of unspoiled nature are very rare. Our plants and animals have only been developing for about 10,000 years, since the last Ice Age, and they are not represented in great variety. FLORA AND FAUNA
Among 61 species of mammals, the most widespread are: Wild boar : adult boars weigh by far over 100 kilograms; piglets weigh up to 40 kilograms. The main natural enemy of wild boars is a wolf. Additional feeding of wild boars is organized year- round.
Roe-deer : Roe deer has been living on the Estonian territory already for almost 10 000 years. Roe deer is a species that is very attached to its home territory.
One of the biggest mammals: Moose/European elk Adult animals weigh on the average 300-500 kilograms; the calves weigh around 100 kilograms. Natural enemies of moose are bear and wolf.
Some endangered species represented in small numbers: Brown bear – one of the biggest in our forests. The only place in the Baltic countries where bears have lived for thousands of years is the forest of Alutaguse.
Lynx - has been living on the Estonian territory since the post-glacial time. The colour of common lynx varies to a great extent. At present, 500-1000 lynx are counted in Estonia.
Wolf - is very similar to a big German shepherd. It is speculated that at present there are 150-300 wolves in Estonia. The average weight is 35-45 kilograms.
There are about 300 bird species in addition to the mammals: Barn swallow – the national bird of Estonia since 1962