Presentation on theme: "T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM AND THE D ARK A GES OF E UROPE."— Presentation transcript:
T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM AND THE D ARK A GES OF E UROPE
E UROPE AND THE I SLAMIC W ORLD Western Europe went through the Middle or “Dark Ages” while the Islamic World went through its Golden Age.
I SLAM S PREADS Islam Spread Out of the Middle East to North Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Parts of Spain Byzantine Empire most affected by spread of Islam. As Islam spread the Eastern Roman Empire got smaller.
I SLAM S PREADS Umayyads- Arab Muslim Empire in the Middle East and North Africa. Abbasids-Muslim Empire with Land in Europe and Asia Seljuk Turks-Rule much of the Land Once Held by Byzantine Empire
I BN B ATTUTA A traveler and explorer, whose account documents his travels and excursions over a period of almost thirty years, covering some 73,000 miles These journeys covered almost the entirety of the known Islamic world and beyond, a distance readily surpassing that of his predecessors and his near- contemporary Marco Polo.traveler and explorerIslamic worldMarco Polo
A NSWER : What is a Golden Age? What are the general characteristics of a Golden Age?
T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM 8 th Century to the 13 th Century High Point of Islamic Culture Islam Expands to 3 Continents Bagdad, Iraq was the cultural, religious, and trade capital of Islamic World. One of three great cities of the time.
T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM Preservation of Greek, Roman, and Hellenistic Culture Achievements in medicine, science, math, geometry, algebra, anatomy, and astronomy.
T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM Trade and Cultural Diffusion Great Cities and Urban Centers Indian System of Numbers Literature Architecture Mosaics Calligraphy Art
T HE G OLDEN A GE OF I SLAM Math-Arabic Numbers, zero, algebra Medical Science- early hospitals, surgery, early medical encyclopedia Chemistry Geography- accurate maps Musical Instruments- lute, guitar, tambourine Poetry
T HE E ND OF THE I SLAMIC G OLDEN A GE Mongols Destroy the city of Bagdad. The Crusades
A NSWER What event started the Middle Ages in Europe? How is Centralized Power different from Decentralized Power? Why were the Middle Ages in Europe called the Dark Ages?
D ARK A GES Time of Little Achievement in science, math, education, art. Chaos War Little trade or travel Few cities
T HE M IDDLE A GES Middle Ages/Medieval/Dark Ages for Europe From the Fall of Western Rome until the End of the Crusades and Beginning of the Renaissance
W HAT IS F EUDALISM ??? Feudalism is an economic and political system based on land, loyalty, and protection. Hierarchal System of Obligations Used in Europe and Japan
C HARACTERISTICS OF F EUDALISM Decentralized Land is Important Manor System Obligations Lack of Trade No Social Mobility Similar in Japan and Europe
H OW DID F EUDALISM W ORK ? Monarch Gave Land to Nobles. Nobles and Knights Pledged Military Service to the Monarch.
O BLIGATION Lords Grant Land in Exchange for Military Service!
F EUDAL H IERARCHY Monarch Noble Knight Serf/Peasant
T HE C HURCH During the Early Middle Ages and During Feudal Times the Church Was Very Powerful.
T HE C HURCH During the Middle Ages the Church and its Leader the Pope was the Most Powerful Organization. Unifying Force Most People were Christian
C RUSADES Islamic World and Medieval World Collide during Crusades. Crusades were a series of wars between Christian Knights and Muslim Warriors for control of Jerusalem The Crusades End Europe’s Dark Age but also end Islam’s Golden Age
A NSWER : How did the Crusades affect both Medieval Europe and the Islamic World? How is a dark age different from a golden age? What were 3 achievements of Islam’s Golden Age? How does Feudalism work?