Presentation on theme: "The Lynmouth Flood 1952 Student Assignment Name __________________________________Group ____ Score/100 ________ Section Points Score Where is Lynmouth?7."— Presentation transcript:
The Lynmouth Flood 1952 Student Assignment Name __________________________________Group ____ Score/100 ________ Section Points Score Where is Lynmouth?7 The Weather10 Exmoor8 The East Lyn Valley11 Bridges10 Human Factors10 Changes in Lynmouth10 Flood defences8 Similarities in Location6 Comparing the Floods20 Use your packets from Nettlecombe, notes made from the Powerpoint presentation and your own research to complete each section. Print answers neatly. Untidy work will be penalized.
Where is Lynmouth? Look at the Google Satellite Image opposite. Locate and label the following features on the image (5pts) 1. The town of Lynmouth 2. The East Lyn Valley 3. The confluence of the East and West Lyn Rivers 4. Watersmeet House 5. The Bristol Channel In which region of the UK do we find Lynmouth? ( 1pt) ____________________ In which county is the town located? (1pt) ____________________
The Weather In the space opposite, place the following five labels in the correct chronological order – i.e. In the order they happened! (10 pts) 1. Torrential thunderstorm drops 280 mms of rain in 24 hrs 2. Four Months Worth of Rain in first 2 weeks of August 3. Streams already full and ground saturated 4. Low pressure system sweeps in from Atlantic 5. Late Afternoon skies blacken
Exmoor Look at the image opposite 1. There are hardly any trees growing on Exmoor. Why is this? (2pts) 2.What is growing there? ( 1pt) 3. How might woodland reduce the chances of flooding (1pt) 4. What is this part of Exmoor called? ( 1pt) 5. How did the thin soils and the impermeable granite rocks of Exmoor contribute to the risk of flooding? (2 pts) 6. How did people in the valleys first realize that soils were being washed off the moors in August 1952 ( 1pt)
The East Lyn Valley This photograph was taken looking downstream from Watersmeet. 1. In the space below the photo, draw a labelled sketch of the photo, showing the following ( 8pts) Steep sides of valley Inside bank of meander Large boulders Direction of flow of river. 2. Why might buildings on the inside bank of the meander survive better than ones on the outside? ( 3 pts)
Bridges How did the bridges contribute to the flooding in 1952? ( 2 pts) What is an ecocentric bridge and how does it work? ( 2 pts) What is a technocentric bridge and how does it work (2 pts) Add labels to the images opposite to show which type of bridge each is and some of the features you’ve just mentioned. (4pts) Sketch by Margaret Peters, from ‘Lyn in Flood” by Keene and Elsom, Oxford Brookes Univ. 1990.
Human Factors that made consequences worse. Communications ( 3 pts) Location of Buildings ( 2 pts) Transport ( 2 pts) Rescue Equipment ( 3 pts) Think about some of the things people did that might have made the situation worse. Were there things that people couldn’t do because of the times they were living in.? What did people not have in terms of equipment that we take for granted nowadays. Add bullet point notes under the headings opposite to explain how these human factors contributed to the scale of the disaster. ( 10 pts total)
Changes in Lynmouth Lynmouth pre-1952 Lynmouth today Look at the 2 maps above. 1.Highlight in red any building on the pre-1952 map that is not there today. ( 2 pts) 2.Identify 3 changes that have been made to reduce the impact of a future flood. ( 6pts) 1. 2. 3. 3.Indicate on the modern map where these changes are. (2 pts)
Flood defences –how has the town changed? Look at the image opposite Identify 4 things that the town has done to reduce the impact of a future flood. ( 8pts) 1. 2. 3. 4. Image from http://www.oursouthwest.com/gallery/gallery5.htm
Similarities! Look at these two images – of Lynmouth and Boscastle Identify 3 similarities about the location of these two towns. ( 6pts) 1. 2. 3. Boscastle, Lynmouth
Comparing the floods Read through the attached document on the Boscastle Floods and then explain the similarities between the 2 events under each heading. Use bullet points/notes ( 20 pts) FactorBoth had... The shape of the land1. 2. 3. The weather on the day1. 2. 3. The position of the towns1. 2. The impact on the towns – damage, loss of life. 1. 2. 3.