Presentation on theme: "Ch 20.1 Spanish Conquests in the Americas"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch 20.1 Spanish Conquests in the Americas The Atlantic WorldCh 20.1Spanish Conquests in the Americas
2 Columbus Opens the Atlantic 1492 - 1503 Began the European conquest of the Americasbeginning of globalizationBy end of his 4 journeys, Spain had colonized much of the Caribbean
3 Other Explorers take to the Seas 1500: Pedro Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal1501: Amerigo Vespucci discovers that the land is a “New World”Closeup of the Waldseemuller Map (1507) a German map that first called the New World “America”
4 Ferdinand Magellan’s Mission Circumnavigates the World 1519 - 1521
5 The ConquistadorsSpanish explorers who claimed much of the Americas for SpainDestroyed the native civilizations of Central & South America
14 Taino Indians of Puerto Rico greet Conquistador Ponce de Leon
15 European Diseases Eradicate the Native Populations Without natural immunities, Native Americans died from Smallpox, Measles, & Typhus by the millions.Native population may have declined by 90% between 1500 & 1800.
23 The Virgin of the Navigators ( ) painted by Spanish artist Alejo Fernández, created as the central panel of an altarpiece for the chapel of the Casa de Contratación in Seville. It is the earliest known painting whose subject is the discovery of the Americas. n The Virgin of the Navigators Mary is depicted spreading her mantle over the Spanish. She straddles the seas, uniting the continents, or hovers over the harbor to protect ships, cargo and crew as they embark on the perilous Atlantic crossing.Ferdinand II of Aragon and the emperor Charles V (cloaked in red), along with Isabella I of Castile, are portrayed together with Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci and one of the Pinzón Brothers, shown kneeling. All soar on clouds above the water beneath the Virgin's feet.Around the Virgin gather figures of indigenous peoples of the Americas, converted from their original faiths by the navigators who have set sail in her name: the painting "may be the fullest statement of the approved Spanish ideology, which might be called "the White Legend of Spain's Imperial Election". Green and white striped Andalusian flags were frequently seen on ships, shown in the painting, as Andalusians played an important role in the enterprise.