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Presentation on theme: "PSIKOLOGI PERSONALITI DAN DINAMIK MANUSIA"— Presentation transcript:


2 SYNOPSIS This course encompasses the study of personality theories, personality assessment tools, and analysis of relationship between personality and human dynamics. Emphasis is also given to analyses of various approaches in personality studies

Ujian : 25% Kuiz : 5% Tugasan/Pembentangan : 30% Peperiksaan Akhir : 40% ____ JUMLAH MARKAH : 100%

1. Pengenalan 2. Pendekatan Mengkaji Personaliti 3. Teori Personaliti 4. Psikologi Personaliti & Dinamika Manusia 5. Pembentukan Identiti 6. Identiti gender 7. Anxieti 8. Kelangsangan dan keganasan 9. Jenis-jenis ujian dan penilaian personaliti 10. Personaliti dan Dinamika Manusia


6 What do we mean when we say:
“She has a wonderful personality” “ He has no personality” “He seems to have a personality conflict” “It’s just her personality” “ She has her mother personality”

7 How Do You Describe This Celebrities?

8 How Do You Define a ‘Good’ Personality?

9 What is personality? Personality” comes from Latin word persona.
Persona  means ‘mask’. The study of personality can be understood as the study of ‘mask’ that people wear. Personality are the personas that people project and display. Personality also includes the inner parts of psychological experiences which we collectively call our “self” (I)

10 Definitions of Personality
The entire organization of a human being at any stage of development. The integrations of those systems or habits that represent an individual’s characteristic adjustments to the environment. The way in which a person does such things as remembering, thinking or loving. The various enduring and distinctive patterns of behavior and thought that are characteristics of a particular person. Patterns of behavior, thoughts and emotions unique to an individual, & the way they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situation.

11 (Con’t) Definitions of Personality
Personality is not an existing substantive entity to be searched for but a complex construct to be developed and defined by the observer [Smith & Vetter, 1982] Personality usually refers to the distinctive patterns of behavior (including thoughts & emotions) that characterize each individual’s adaptation to the situations of his or her life [Mischel, 1976]



14 A Working Definition Personality is a dynamic organization, inside the person, of psychophysical systems that create a person’s characteristic pattern of behavior, thoughts and feelings. [Carver & Scheier, 2000]

15 Important points of the definition by Carver & Scheier
Dynamic Organization- Suggest on going readjustments, adaptation to experience, continual upgrading and maintaining of self. Personality doesn’t just lie there  it has process and it’s organized. Inside the person- Suggests internal storage of patterns, supporting the notion that personality influences behaviors, etc. Psychophysical System- The physical is “who we are” Characteristics Patterns- Implies that consistency/ continuity which are unique to each individual. Behavior, Thoughts & Feelings - Indicate that personality includes a wide range of psychological experience/ manifestation, ie. Personality is displayed MANY ways.

16 Thus Personality is…. Describing someone’s personality is trying to capture the person’s essence WHY people do what they do. The style that brings a unique and personal touch of their actions

17 Basic Concept Consistency or Continuity Internal Casuality Across time
Across situation Internal Casuality What ever a person is doing (or thinking or feelings) originates from within. Causal force within the person influence his/her action

18 Personality as predictor
Predicting behavior is important to psychologist The more central the quality is, the more useful it is for predicting behavior.

19 Personality - key to understand people
WHAT IS PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY? Personality - key to understand people

20 2 Fundamental Issues in Personality
Individual Differences Everyone differs from others Why? How? Intra-personal functioning A set of processes taking place within the person Dynamic organization (Allport, 1969) Personality functioning – mechanism/process inside us  leads to certain action.

21 Theories of Personality (will be discuss in detail under topic three)
Biological Psychoanalytic Social Psychoanalytic (NeoPsychoanalytic) Trait Cognitive Social-Learning Humanistic

22 Studies on Personality
Complex Deal with human thoughts, feelings & behavior Human being are not always predictable and reliable. We interact with the environment  influence us How we behave How we think How we feel Domino Effect Change one thing can change everything else. Therefore, research in personality is very important.

23 Uses of Personality Research
Study the development and external factors and the role of personality play on individuals thoughts, attitude and behavior Study people with specific psychological disorders, symptoms or characteristics. Develop personality test  to measure specific psychological phenomenon Develop treatment approaches to improve personality

24 Four Fundamental Concern In Studying Personality
A theory of Personality An Approach to the assessment (or measurement) of personality. Research Procedures for testing hypothesis (or implications derived from theory) Application derived from the theory including methods of personality change (i.e. psychotherapy)

25 What Is Human Dynamic? The term Human Dynamics, refers to the concept of human functioning. Main focus  on the active social interactions & communications between people that might leave an impact on people’s behavior & personality development.

26 What Is Human Dynamic? Interaction & dynamic interplay between elements in a person’s cognitive, emotions & physical domain cognitive domain related to the mental processes (thinking values, structure, focus, objectivity, perspective), emotional domain is more subjective and concerned with relationships (such as feelings, communication, organization, and synthesis) physical domain is more pragmatic (related to with the action process, doing and operationalizing things).

27 Human Dynamic The human dynamics process are able to determine the personality dynamics, and by knowing a person’s personality dynamics means, understanding about his or her personality. Each personality dynamic constitutes a whole way of functioning  and they differ distinctly from others in the way they process information, learn, communicate, solve problems

28 Personality Assessment
Personality assessment is actually, assessing and measuring a persons’ personality. Studies on behavior or individual personality can be done either through a qualitative methods or quantitative methods. All theories assume that individual differences exist and can be accurately measured.

29 Personality Assessment
Examples of personality assessment techniques : self-report inventories, projective techniques, clinical interviews behavioral assessment. The types of tests or assessment methods used will greatly depend on the objectives and theoretical perspectives held. psychoanalytic researchers prefer to use projective technique, Person-Centered theories  subjective or in-depth interview Behaviorist and social learning theorists  objective or behavioral method



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