Net Force Combining all the forces exerted on an object Combining all the forces exerted on an object
Forces in the same direction Add forces together 25N + 20N = 45N
Forces in different directions Subtract forces Subtract forces 12N – 10N = 2N 12N – 10N = 2N
Unbalanced Forces Net force is not zero Net force is not zero Produce a change in motion Produce a change in motion Necessary to cause stationary objects to move Necessary to cause stationary objects to move
Necessary to change the motion of moving objects Object continues to move when force is removed
Balanced Forces Net force is zero Net force is zero Do not produce a change in motion Do not produce a change in motion Do not cause a stationary object to start moving Do not cause a stationary object to start moving
Main forces on an object Gravity Gravity Normal Normal Friction Friction Push/Pull Push/Pull Tension Tension
Gravity Keeps objects on the ground or attracted to the ground Keeps objects on the ground or attracted to the ground
Normal Force Prevents object from “falling into” whatever it is sitting on Prevents object from “falling into” whatever it is sitting on Always perpendicular Always perpendicular
Friction Opposes motion Opposes motion Points away from direction of movement Points away from direction of movement
Push/Pull Physical push or pull Physical push or pull Pushing a crate Pushing a crate Pulling a wagon Pulling a wagon Wind moving a ship Wind moving a ship
Tension Results from a pulling force Results from a pulling force Dragging something with a rope Dragging something with a rope
The child next door wants to take his German Shepherd (named Spot) for a ride on his wagon. He chases Spot (who is running away) while dragging his wagon behind him. What forces are acting on the wagon?
Spot, the German Shepherd, is being walked by his best pal, Dot, the Siamese cat. Actually, Dot is pulling Spot across the ice rink, and disturbing the neighborhood hockey game. What are the forces acting on Spot?
A girl is suspended motionless from a bar which hangs from the ceiling by two ropes. Diagram the forces acting on the girl. (hint: the bar is “part of” the girl)