Presentation on theme: "IV. RISE AND FALL OF CHINESE EMPIRES BIG IDEA: THE QIN & HAN DYNASTIES ESTABLISHED STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS. HIGHLIGHTED VOCAB GET OUT A PIECE OF PAPER."— Presentation transcript:
IV. RISE AND FALL OF CHINESE EMPIRES BIG IDEA: THE QIN & HAN DYNASTIES ESTABLISHED STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS. HIGHLIGHTED VOCAB GET OUT A PIECE OF PAPER FOR 3.4 NOTES.
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty 221B.C-206 B.C Capital Xianyang Shi Huangdi First emperor Centralized Gov. Abolished Feudalism –aristocratic land control-gave to peasants Burned Books-against legalism Bury scholars alive who spoke against gov. 3 divisions of gov Civil Military Censorate- checked on gov officials – could be killed Officials did not inherit position- were appointed Accomplishments Monatary system Forced labor Heavy taxes Great Wall Terra Catta soldiers Shihuangdi’s Tomb Decline Accidental Death Revolts
Han Dynasty 202 B.C. 220 A.D. Capital Luoyang Liu bang ( Han Gaozu) Peasant upbringing Strong central Gov. Discard Qin Harsh Policies Han Wudi Expanded Territory Civil service exam Restored order Lower taxes Universities- confucian ideas Advancements – Technologies Rubber Compass Fishing reel Wheel barrow Paper Suspension bridge Steel Ships that sailed into the wind Decline – Corruption – rulers focus more on life's pleasures – Nomadic invasions
Section 3-4 Review What was the new dynasty created in 221 B.C.? Qin The system of walls linked by Qin Shihuangdi became what? The Great Wall of China What was the government in power called? regime
Section 3-4 Review What existed during the Han empire? Water mills, paper and iron casting What was the agency that checked on government officials? Censorate The Qin and Han dynasties both what kind of governments? Had strong central governments
Section 3-4 Review Who was the founder of the Han dynasty? Liu Pang In the Han Empire, land-owning farmers faced what? demands of forced labor Who were the nomadic people from the south of the Gobi? Xiongnu
Section 3-4 Review In 1974, farmers east of Xian discovered what? Terra-cotta statues