Presentation on theme: "Adverb An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. Notice that adverbs modify three kinds of words which adjectives do not modify."— Presentation transcript:
Adverb An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. Notice that adverbs modify three kinds of words which adjectives do not modify. Examples:We swam slowly. He is too tall. I like you, too. He and she swim well.
Adverb Effect: In using adverbs (and for that matter, adjectives), it is wise to ask yourself whether you are using too many. Also, the use of the same modifiers can make your writing sound tired and weak.
Adverb very, very, very weak: Sometimes words that are overused backfire. A good example is very. People use very to intensify adjectives when they sense that the adjective does not express enough intensity. Unfortunately, the adverb “very” often has the effect of weakening the force of the sentence by filling it with empty syllables. Say “He was hungry.” rather than “He was very, very hungry.”
Preposition A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between its object (the object of the preposition) and another word in the sentence. Prepositions show relationships of: time (before, during, after) space (in, on, beside, around) direction (to, from, toward)
Preposition Pre position - called this because they often occur at the start of the prepositional phrase - they have the PRE position in the phrase (in the boat).
Preposition Never end a sentence with a preposition! We used to say this, because the meaning of the prepositional phrase is incomplete. We should still never say, “Where are you at?”
Preposition But, sometimes, rewriting a sentence to avoid putting a preposition at the end can result in a stilted sentence. Ending a sentence with a preposition is something up with which I will not put!-Winston Churchill
Conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins (junct) two words or groups of words together (con). There are four kinds of conjunctions: 1. Coordinating conjunctions: Coordinating conjunctions join equals; they are conjunctions which coordinate (join two words or groups of words of similar (co) importance). Coordinating conjunctions: and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet.
Conjunction 2. Subordinating conjunctions: Subordinating conjunctions join unequals; they are conjunctions which subordinate; they join something of lesser importance to something of greater importance. Subordinating conjunctions: if, as, since, when, because (and many others...)
Conjunction 3. Correlative conjunctions: Correlative conjunctions are multiple-word conjunctions. Correlative conjunctions: either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also
Conjunction 4. Conjunctive adverbs: Conjunctive adverbs are words that function both as conjunctions and as adverbs. These are words that commonly used to begin clauses. Conjunctive adverbs: however, furthermore, moreover, nevertheless
Interjection An interjection is a word which shows emotion but which has no grammatical purpose. In other words, interjections have no grammar tricks. They do not join, modify, show relationships, or replace; they just throw (ject) an exclamation into (inter) the sentence. Interjections are Batman words. Examples: oh, ugh, oof, wow, yes, no, oops
Interjection Notice that all the other parts of speech enter into relationships with other words: -a noun works with its replacement pronoun or accepts the modification of an adjective -a verb has a subject and accepts the modification of an adverb -a conjunction joins its words or word groups -an adverb modifies another word Only an interjection stands alone.