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Adverbs – used to modify a verb, adjective or other adverb Answers the questions : where, when, how, or to what extent (how much or how long) Where – The fire started here. The thief fell down as he ran away. When – She takes notes daily in class. He arrived promptly for school. How - The accident occurred suddenly. She spoke carefully to the child. To what extent – We should never become upset. The escaped convicts ran far.
Keith worked rapidly. verb=worked – worked how? RAPIDLY We live here now. verb=live - live where? HERElive when?NOW The story was very funny. adjective=funnyhow funny? VERY They had left rather quickly. verb=left - how did they leave? QUICKLY adverb=quickly - how quickly did they leave? RATHER
“How” Adverbs Some adverbs tell how. They usually modify verbs (action words). They often end in –ly. Examples: –Kelly talks quickly. (Quickly tells how Kelly talks) –Kelly runs fast. (Fast tells how Kelly runs)
“Where” Adverbs Some adverbs tell WHERE An adverb that tells where usually modifies a verb Fill in the blank examples: –My aunt walks ____________. here there in outside far
“When” Adverbs Some adverbs tell when. They usually modify verbs (action words). It will only be one word (not a phrase) Examples: –Yesterday he went home. Yesterday tells when he went home. –I shall buy a gift for you later. Later tells when I shall buy a gift.
“When” Adverbs My aunt walks _____________. My aunt walked _____________. My aunt will walk ______________. –What when adverbs can finish the sentence? Tonight Today Now Soon Never Nightly Daily
“To What Extent” Adverbs Some adverbs tell to what extent. They usually modify verbs (action words). There are seven common adverbs that tell to what extent: –Not, so, very, too, quite, rather, somewhat –MEMORIZE THESE WORDS Sometimes these adverbs are within a prepositional phrase.
“To What Extent” Adverbs Examples: –I would rather stay here. Rather tells to what extent I would stay. –This is a very pretty picture. Very tells to what extent this is pretty –Don’t walk so slowly. So tells to what extent you walk Slowly is also an adverb (tells how you walk)
Adverbs Practice Elements of Language –page 382 Exercise 8 follow the directions and identify the adverb and the verbs modified –page 383 Exercise 9 follow the directions and identify the adverb and the adjectives modified –page 384 Exercise 11 follow the directions and identify the adverb and the adverbs modified **These exercises must be in your writer’s notebook
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