2 I can define argumentative terms: lede/hook, clear claim, evidence, and counter-claim.
3 W’s of Argumentative Writing WHY?WHO?Improves research skillsEmphasizes a point of viewPrepares for the futureAnyone expressing a specific point of view8th graders to people in the workplace
4 W’s of Argumentative Writing WHEN?WHAT?Explaining a point of viewTo change the reader’s point of viewWhat you want the reader to do somethingUsually a main idea, often called a “claim” or “thesis statement,” backed up with evidence that supports an idea with reasoning
5 Elements of Argumentative Writing IntroductionGood lede or hookClear claim or thesisBody Paragraph 1EvidenceBody Paragraph 2EvidenceBody Paragraph 3Counter-claimConclusionRestate Claim
6 Lede or Hook Occurs in the opening paragraph (introduction) Grabs the readers attention
7 Claim Defines the paper’s goal The main argument of an essay Supported by evidenceThe initial claim is in the introduction
8 EvidenceDRAPES Dialogue Rhetorical question Analogy Personal experience Example Statistics (Facts)Relevant and verifiableSupports the claimFound in the body paragraphs
9 Counter-claim Opposite or opposing view of the claim In the 3rd body paragraph
15 Take a few minutes to write supporting your opinion. Do you Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree, or Strongly Disagree with this statement: Completed homework makes students more successful in class.Take a few minutes to writesupporting your opinion.
16 EvidenceDRAPES Dialogue Rhetorical question Analogy Personal experience Example Statistics (Facts)Relevant and verifiableSupports the claimFound in the body paragraphs
17 Make a list of what makes evidence reliable and verifiable Find evidence to support your claimMake a list of what makes evidence reliable and verifiable
21 I can identify a claim. I can make a claim for my paper. Where does the claim occur?
22 Identifying ClaimsAfter reviewing the political cartoon, identify with your group the main claim.
23 Who are you writing to?Don’t assume your audience knows what you’re writing about.Your audience needs to understand:What you think about the claimWhy you have taken the position you’ve chosen
24 Introduction: About 5 sentences Lede or Hook: What is a Lede or Hook? Examples: Quotes, stories, or examplesThesis (main claim) What are your 2 points for your body paragraphs Is your last sentence in the introductionOne sentence that states the main argument of your paperPreviews the rest of your paperAbout 5 sentences
25 Writing Prompts (Pick 1) Students should be in school during spring break to supplement the days missed due to snow.Students should be allowed to take off five days of school without those days counting against their attendance record.People have become overly dependent on technology.Students who have good grades should be paid with the money going into a college savings account.A woman should be given the choice to have an abortion.Gun control laws need to be enforced and restricted.
27 Research? What am I looking for? What information can I find to support my claim?What is out there that counters my claim?How can I disprove that counterclaim?What evidence do I need to disprove this claim?How much evidence is enough evidence?
29 Must support your thesis (and major claim) Body ParagraphsMust support your thesis (and major claim)Topic sentenceDRAPES (evidence)SupportAbout 8 sentences eachSupportDRAPES (evidence)Transition statement into next paragraph
31 I can form a counter-claim that is supported by relevant and verifiable evidence.
32 Counter-Claim What is a counter-claim? Consider what someone would say who disagrees with your position about your argument.What is the opposite view?How do you respond to the opposite view (counter- claim)?Will you say your opposition has a point, but explain why your audience should accept your argument?Will you reject the counter-claim and explain why it is mistaken?
33 Counter-ClaimGoal: Get your audience to believe your main claim argument is STRONGER than the counter-claim argument. About SEVEN sentences
34 Conclusion About FIVE sentences Restate the initial claim (or thesis) Take Away:What is the most IMPORTANT thing you want your reader (or your audience to take away)?About FIVE sentences