Proliferation NPT (1968) By then, France, UK and China also had joined nuclear club. In spite of NPT, the technology spread India and Pakistan never signed. Declared nuclear powers in 1970s. Israel never signed. It is undeclared nuclear power, but probably has a hundred warheads Iraq’s nuclear program was dismantled in 1990s.
North Korea Near war in ’94 over plutonium production Left NPT in ‘03 over uranium enrichment 6-8 nukes Diplomatic breakthrough?
Iran Signed NPT But enriching uranium For civilian or military purposes? Israel should be “wiped off the map…”
India’s Special Status 100 nukes? US cooperation Why not Pakistan?
Proliferation for Profit Pakistan –> Iran, Libya, North Korea China –> Iran Dr. A. Q. Khan
Testing CTBT (1996) Won’t take effect until signed and ratified by 44 states India and Pakistan refused to sign; conducted their own tests in late 1990s An attempt to divide world into “nuclear haves” and “nuclear have-nots?” U.S. Senate voted in 1999 against ratification Bush administration opposes it