4Sandwich Types Types of sandwiches include: closed open-face triple-deckerfingerwraps
5Breads and SpreadsBreads provide a sandwich’s base and add to its appearance and flavor.Breads can range from bagels and buns to a Pullman loaf, croissant, or fruit bread.Pullman loafA rectangular-shaped sandwich bread loaf with a flat top and an even texture.croissantA flaky, crescent-shaped roll.
6Breads and SpreadsChoose breads that are not too hard or crusty but strong enough to hold the filling.White, rye, sourdough, wheat, and flatbreads are common cold sandwich choices.What types of bread do you prefer to use when making a sandwich?
7Breads and Spreads Rolls can also be used for sandwiches, such as: hardKaiseroniontorpedokaiser rollA round, crusty roll.torpedo rollA long, skinny sandwich roll.
8Breads and Spreads Other specialty sandwich breads include: pita A round-shaped bread cut open to form a pocket.Other specialty sandwich breads include:pitatortillachapattiphyllocrepe
9Breads and Spreads Other specialty sandwich breads include: pita tortillachapattiphyllocrepetortillaA flattened, round bread baked on a griddle or deep-fried.chapattiAn Indian whole-wheat flatbread.
10Breads and Spreads Other specialty sandwich breads include: pita tortillachapattiphyllocrêpephylloA very thin, layered pastry dough.crêpeA small, thin pancake made with egg batter.
11Breads and Spreads The three main types of spreads are: butter mayonnaisevegetable puréesmayonnaiseA permanent suspension of egg yolks, oil, and vinegar or lemon juice.
12Sandwich Fillings Sandwich fillings may include: hot or cold meats poultryfishcheesesvegetablesa combination of these items
13Sandwich FillingsIngredients, such as corned beef and sauerkraut, can be combined to make interesting sandwiches.sauerkrautFinely sliced cabbage that has been fermented in brine.
14Sandwich FillingsConsider which breads, spreads, and vegetables go together for the right texture and flavor.Cheese is often used as the main source of protein in vegetarian sandwiches.
15Section 19.2 Sandwiches Sandwiches can be either hot or cold. Many of the same type of ingredients are used in hot or cold sandwiches.
17Hot Sandwich Basics Hot sandwiches can be closed or open-face. There are three basic types of hot sandwich:basicgrilledfriedgrilled sandwichA sandwich where the bread is browned on the outside on a griddle.
18Hot Sandwich Basics Guidelines for preparing hot sandwiches include: Make sure all meat fillings are cooked before grilling.Completely assemble before grilling.Be sure cold fillings are crisp and cold.Cold fillings may be served on the side.Do not overload hot wraps.Serve hot sandwiches on warm plates.
19Hot Sandwich BasicsHot sandwiches can be served with a side of salad, soup, or potatoes.Hot open-face sandwiches are sometimes served au jus.au jusAccompanied by the juices obtained from roasting meat.
20Cold Sandwich Basics Guidelines for cold sandwich preparation include: Use fresh bread.Do not prepare salad sandwiches in advance.Serve on cold plates.
21Cold Sandwich BasicsCold sandwiches are usually cut into halves, thirds, or fourths.Cold sandwiches are often served with chips, fries, soup, or salad.Popular garnishes include fruit, radishes, celery, carrots, lettuce, and parsley.Why are cold sandwiches generally cut rather than being served whole?
22Section 19.3 Hot Appetizers Appetizers are designed to stimulate the appetite.A variety of advanced food preparation techniques are used to prepare and arrange hot appetizers.
24Make Hot Appetizers Appetizers are meant to stimulate the appetite. Appetizers can be passed, plated, or part of a buffet line.They should include a variety of foods and flavors.
25Make Hot Appetizers Types of hot appetizers include: brochettes A combination of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables served on a small skewer.Types of hot appetizers include:brochettesfilled pastry shellsmeatballsrumakistuffed potato skinschicken wingsrumakiAppetizers that consist of blanched bacon wrapped around vegetables, seafood, chicken liver, meat, poultry, or fruits.
26Plate and Serve Hot Appetizers Appetizers can be served:at the table.in a buffet.on a serving plate.Hot appetizers taste their best when cooked and assembled just prior to serving.
27Chapter Summary Section 19.1 Sandwich-Making Basics There are five types of sandwiches:closedopen-facetriple-deckerUtensils needed at a sandwich work station include sharp knives, serving spoons or scoops, and a toaster.fingerwraps
28Chapter Summary Section 19.2 Sandwiches Guidelines for preparing hot sandwiches include completely assembling grilled sandwiches before cooking.Guidelines for preparing cold sandwiches include using the freshest bread possible.
29Chapter Summary Section 19.3 Hot Appetizers Appetizers are served as the first course of a meal.Appetizers may be prepared ahead of time and assembled just before serving, or may be prepared and cooked just prior to serving.Appetizer service depends on what, where, and when the appetizers are being served.
30Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.
31Pullman loaf pan para sándwich A rectangular-shaped sandwich bread loaf with a flat top and an even texture.Un pan rectangular para sándwich que tiene la parte de arriba plana y una textura uniforme.
32croissant croissant A flaky, crescent-shaped roll. Un pancito en forma de media luna.
33focaccia focacciaAn Italian bread that is flavored with olive oil and herbs.Pan italiano condimentado con aceite de oliva y hierbas.
34kaiser roll panecillo Kaiser A round, crusty roll.Un panecillo redondo y crujiente.
35torpedo roll rollo torpedo A long, skinny sandwich roll.Un sándwich largo y delgado.
36pita pan pita A round-shaped bread cut open to form a pocket. Un pan redondo que se abre a un lado para formar un bolsillo.
37tortilla tortillaA flattened, round bread baked on a griddle or deep-fried.Un pan aplanado y redondo que es horneado en una plancha o frito.
38chapatti chapatti An Indian whole-wheat flatbread. Un pan hindú de harina integral de trigo.
39phyllo hojaldre A very thin, layered pastry dough. Una masa de pastelería muy fina en capas.
40crêpe crepa A small, thin pancake made with egg batter. Un panqueque pequeño y delgado hecho con masa de huevo.
41mayonnaise mayonesaA permanent suspension of egg yolks, oil, and vinegar or lemon juice.Suspensión permanente de las yemas de huevo, aceite y vinagre o jugo de limón.
42pesto pestoA sauce made with olive oil, pine nuts or walnuts, parmesan, and fresh basil, garlic, salt, and pepper.Una salsa hecha con aceite de oliva, nueces o piñones, parmesano, albahaca fresca, ajo, sal y pimienta.
43sauerkraut col agriaFinely sliced cabbage that has been fermented in brine.Col finamente rebanada que ha sido fermentada en agua con mucha sal.
44grilled sandwich sándwich a la parrilla A sandwich where the bread is browned on the outside on the griddle.Un sándwich cuyo pan se dora por la parte de afuera en una parrilla.
45Monte Cristo Monte Cristo A closed, shallow-fried or deep-fried sandwich.Un sándwich cerrado cocinado a la parrilla o frito.
46au jus en su jugoAccompanied by the juices obtained from roasting meat.Acompañado por el jugo que se obtiene al asar carne.
48club sandwich club sándwich A triple-decker sandwich that features cold, sliced cooked turkey and ham, or bacon.Un sándwich con tres rodajas de pan que contiene pavo y jamón o tocino.
49salad sandwich sándwich de ensalada A sandwich that has a salad with a fatty dressing as the filling.Un sándwich que está relleno de ensalada con un aderezo.
50brochette brochetaA combination of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables served on a small skewer.Una combinación de carne, aves, pescado y verduras servidos en un palillo para brocheta.
51bouchée bouchéeA shell made from puff pastry, used for appetizers or desserts.Un recipiente hecho de hojaldre, utilizado para entradas o postres.
52barquette barquillo Dough formed into a small boat-shaped shell. Masa en forma de una pequeña barca.
53Swedish meatball albóndiga sueca Made with ground beef or pork, onions, and served with a gravy.Hecha con carne de rés o de cerdo picada, cebollas y servida con una salsa.
54rumaki rumakiAppetizers that consist of blanched bacon wrapped around vegetables, seafood, chicken liver, meat, poultry, or fruits.Aperitivos que consisten en tocino envuelto alrededor de verduras, mariscos, hígado de pollo, carne, aves o frutas.