3 Map Label from pg. 23 in Atlas Pacific Ocean CitiesAtlantic Ocean TenochtitlanNorth America Chichen ItzaSouth America CuzcoMesoamericaGulf of MexicoAmazon RiverAndes MountainsYucatan PeninsulaCaribbean SeaMayasAztec EmpireIncan EmpireIncan Road System
4 Characteristics of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilizations Major Civilizations of the Western CivilizationCharacteristics of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan CivilizationsCharacteristicMayansAztecsIncasDates250 B.C. – A.D. 900A.D – 1521A.DLocationCentral American rain forest – Yucatan PeninsulaValley in Central Mexico – modern Mexico CityAndes Mountains – west coast of South AmericaRepresented byChichen ItzaTenochtitlanMachu PicchuPolitical Style/RuleIndependent city-states; ruled by god-kingsEmperorEconomy (Based on?)Agriculture & tradeMainly Maize!Agriculture+ Tribute from conquered peoplesHigh-altitude, terrace agriculture; Maize, potatoes & variety of other cropsReligionPolytheistic/animistic – ancestor + sun worship pyramids/temples + human sacrificePolytheistic/animistic; pyramids/templesAncestor + Sun GodExtensive human sacrifice!!Polytheistic/animisticancestor + sun worshipAchievements/CharacteristicsAdvances = math, calendars, astronomyMost advanced writing!Mysterious declineSociety based on warfare, expansion and tribute!Conquered by Spanish- CalendarsExtensive road systemLinked empire + helped rule
5 Chart AnalysisPolitically, how did the Mayas differ from the Aztecs and Incas?What main crop was the foundation of agriculture for the Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas?Write a sentence describing the religious commonality between the Mayas, Aztecs and Incas.Write a sentence describing a religious difference between the groups.How may the Mayas have benefitted from their achievements?Who do you think was the most war-like and aggressive of the 3 groups?Why do you think the Incas needed an extensive road system more than the Mayas & Aztecs?Which 2 groups were more influenced by the Europeans? Why?
20 Aztec Chinampa System Main Purpose Reason for Technique/Obstacle being overcomeBeneficial CharacteristicsAztec Chinampa SystemHow ConstructedAddition Benefits to Society
21 Treaty of Tordesillas Created 7 June 1494 in Tordesillas, Spain Ratified2 July 1494 in Spain 5 September 1494 in PortugalAuthorsPope Alexander VISignatoriesFerdinand II of AragonJohn II of PortugalPurposeTo divide trading and colonizing rights for all newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal to the exclusion of other European nationsMost of S. Amer & all of N.Amer. To SpainBrazil to Portugal
22 1494 Spain Portugal Most of S. Amer & all of N.Amer. to Spain Brazil to Portugal1494