Objectives After completing this interactive PowerPoint, students will be able to: 1.Have a general understanding of the Spanish Alphabet and their pronunciation 2.Have a general understanding of how to greet others in Spanish 3.Have a general understanding of subject/noun agreement 4.Have a general understanding of subjects used in Spanish 5.Have a general understanding of articles used in Spanish - definite and indefinite 6. In order to ensure student understanding, after completing the lesson students will take and pass a short quiz with 100% accuracy
Alphabet Now that you know what the letters of the Spanish alphabet are, watch this short video to hear the letters pronounced out loud! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eBcDCTyZtRg
Quick Activity Directions Choose a partner sitting near you After choosing a partner take turns verbally speaking the Spanish Alphabet As the non-speaking partner; listen carefully and help to correct any mistakes
Practice Question True or False: Like the English alphabet, the Spanish alphabet contains twenty-six letters? TrueFalse
Wrong!! The Spanish alphabet contains 30 characters!
Subject Pronouns in Spanish Nosotros “we” El/Ella “He/She Subject PronounEnglish Translation YoI TuYou El/EllaHe/She NosotrosWe VosotrosYou (familiar) Ellos/EllasThey Ud. (Singular) Uds. (Plural) Polite form of el/ella & ellos/ellas
Subject Pronouns Spanish SentenceEnglish Translation Yo prefiero Coca-Cola.I prefer Coca-Cola. Tu estudies ingles?Do you study english? Es ella?Is it her? Nosotros vamos al cine.We go to the movies. Ellos compran los regalos.They buy the gifts.
Practice Question Offside Player Last Defender Which of the following is not a subject pronoun used in Spanish Language? YoEllyos NosotrosTu
Wrong!! This is a subject pronoun used in the Spanish Language!!
Two Types of Greetings Greeting the ElderlyGreeting a Friend Shake persons hand, and make friendly eye contact Greet with Hola! (hello), and use this as a response as well Follow this up with Como esta usted? (How are you? –formal) Shake hand or give hug (depending on closeness of relationship) A kiss on the cheek is often used as well in close relationships Greet with Como estas? (How are you?-informal) Ask what is up by saying Que pasa?
Greetings in Spanish As with most languages, greeting someone in their native language will make them more comfortable talking to you Because Spanish has many verb conjugations allowing the speaker to choose the level of formality to use It is important to choose the correct level of formality so as not to offend someone by sounding too informal
Quick Activity Using what you learned on the previous slide, practice greeting your partner. Have your partner act as both a elder citizen whom you have never met, as well as a close friend you have known for years!
Practice Question Which of the following is the proper way to greet a person who is older than you using the customs of the Spanish Language? Avoid eye contact Say Como estas Be formal Be informal
Articles in Spanish: Definite and Indefinite Like the English language, the Spanish language uses articles before nouns in a sentence. Look at the following example to better understand this. Give me the chocolate chip cookie. Give me a cookie. Looking at a plate full of different types of cookies, a person says to you: Definite article: specific cookie Indefinite article: any cookie
Articles in Spanish: Definite and Indefinite Definite/Indefinite ArticlesEnglish Tense El/UnMasculine singular La/UnaFeminine singular Los/UnosMasculine plural Las/UnasMasculine plural When to use articles in the Spanish language:
Articles in Spanish: Definite and Indefinite The same is true in the Spanish language: Definite Articles: English Translation El (el gato)the male cat Los ( los gatos)the male cats La (la gata)the female cat Las (las gatas)the female cats Indefinite Articles: English Translation Un (gato)a male cat Unos (gatos)some male cats Una (gata)a female cat Unas (gatas)some female cats
Practice Question True or False : The Spanish language uses both definite and indefinite articles, like the English language, while creating sentences? TrueFalse
Adjective/Noun Agreement in the Spanish Language Adjectives in the Spanish language must agree in gender, and number with the nouns they modify Gender: -If a noun is masculine (el muchacho), the adjective must agree with that gender (alto) -Likewise, if a noun is feminine (la muchacha), the adjective must agree with that gender (alta) Number: -If a noun is plural, the adjective modifying it must be plural as well Los muchachos Las muchachas altos altas
Adjective/Noun Agreement in the Spanish Language Most adjectives in the Spanish language follow this rule: Masculine: end in – o, pluralize by adding – s Feminine: end in – e, pluralize by adding – s More examples: El regalo (a gift) Los regalos (multiple gifts) Una chica inteligente (a smart girl) Unas chicas inteligentes (some smart girls) Uno pece caro (an expensive fish) Unos peces caros (some expensive fish)
Quick Activity With your partner, take turns verbally filling in the sentences with the appropriate word from the box: Un La Unos Los 1Compro _______ regalos. 2______ chica son muy bonita. 3______ peces caros. 4Compro _______ gato.
Practice Question Which of the following shows correct adjective/noun agreement using the rules from the Spanish language? Los jugadores Uno regalos Las chicos Un vegetales
Wrong!! This shows incorrect adjective/ noun agreement per the rules of the Spanish language.
Let’s Check Your Understanding 1. 10 Question Quiz 2.Pass with a 100% to ensure content understanding 3. Answer question correctly to continue to the next question 4.If incorrect return to the question and try again Start QuizMain Menu
Congratulations!! If you have reached this slide you have successfully completed the lesson! I hope that you have learned some new things about the Spanish language, and continue to gain more knowledge everyday!
Citation Heining-Boynton, A., Leloup, J., & Cowell, G. (2013). Anda!. (2nd ed., Vol. 1). New Jersey: Pearson. Pictures obtained through Google-images.