Presentation on theme: "Dolly Ramos G. Reasons for concentring on learners’ Errors More evident/ how much ss have learn t(stage development) Useful for teachers & researcher."— Presentation transcript:
Dolly Ramos G
Reasons for concentring on learners’ Errors More evident/ how much ss have learn t(stage development) Useful for teachers & researcher Learners discover errors (strategies)
Second Language Acquisition 3 Random performance slip caused by fatigue, excitement, etc. Readily self-corrected Mistake:. Systematic deviation by learners who have not yet mastered the rules. More difficult to correct. Indication of learner’s attempt to figure out the L2 system Error:
based on cross-linguistic comparisons (early stages) Transfer Selinker (1980s) Interlingual based on language being learned (more advance stages) overgeneralization Intralangual Teacher/classroom/ material (induced errors, false concepts, misleading explanation) Untutored (sociolinguistic) Context of Learning
Researcher and teachers begun to undesrtand that L2 learning is: Creative process / constructive system/ conscoiusly testing hypothesis / make sense of the TLg Thru sources of knowledge (to provide order to ss Lg system) Target Lg Lg in general Life/ people Native Lg universe Communicative Functions
Compares languages to determine potential errors and identify what needs to be learned and what does not. A priori or strong view: will predict learning outcomes A posterior or weak view: will help explain learning outcomes, especially errors. Contrastive analysis 1950s, Robert Lado, Selinker and Gass (1980s)
Productive errors are those which occur in the language learner's utterances. Receptive or interpretive errors are those which result in the listener's misunderstanding of the speaker's intentions.
GLOBAL ERROR LOCAL ERROR is one which involves "the overall structure of a sentence" is one which affects "a particular element." Richards, et al. (1985:123) An error can vary in magnitude It can cover a phoneme, a morpheme, a word, a phrase, a sentence, or even a paragraph
omission of some required element addition of some unnecessary or incorrect element selection of an incorrect element misordering of elements.
Tarea para cada habilidad y sub-habilidad dar un ejemplo claro de errores que comúnmente los compañeros cometen con base en:. Habilidades Speaking, listening, reading,writing Sub-habilidades Grammar, pronuntiation, lexis