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Economic lntegration and the Environment in El Salvador Herman Rosa Programa Salvadoreño de Investigación sobre Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente.

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Presentation on theme: "Economic lntegration and the Environment in El Salvador Herman Rosa Programa Salvadoreño de Investigación sobre Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente."— Presentation transcript:

1 Economic lntegration and the Environment in El Salvador Herman Rosa Programa Salvadoreño de Investigación sobre Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente

2 3D Image of El Salvador Landsat TM & SRTM DEM Source: Sasan Saatchi NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory

3 Percent Tree Cover AVHRR MODIS % 11-25% 26-40% 41-55% 56-70% %

4 Increased tree cover Reduced tree cover Increased tree cover Changes in tree cover: Change in Tree Cover, 1992 and 2001 (Percent)

5 Surface in Corn (Thousands ha) Peace Accords Civil War Agroexports expand Peasants pushed to marginal hillsides Land reform Cotton Production collapses Orthodox economic reform Relative prices and profitability of agriculture continue to fall. Peasant agriculture expands despite falling real prices

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8 Millions of Dollars Structure (%) Traditional agro-exports* %6% Non-Traditional exports outside Central America543358%12% Maquila (net income)214753%16% Remittances511,9358%67% Total6402,906100%

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10 RemittancesGDP Remittances /GDP Nicaragua % Haiti % Jamaica1, % Guyana % El Salvador1, % Honduras % Dominican Republic1, % Guatemala1, % Ecuador1, % Peru1, % Mexico9, % Brazil4, %

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