CONDITION 1: Magazine inserted, round in the chamber, bolt forward, ejection port cover closed, weapon on safe. CONDITION 2: Does not apply to the M16A4. CONDITION 3: Magazine inserted, bolt forward on an empty chamber, ejection port cover closed, weapon on safe. CONDITION 4: No magazine inserted, bolt forward on an empty chamber, ejection port cover closed, weapon on safe. WEAPON CONDITIONS FOR THE M16A4
FOUR SAFETY RULES TREAT every weapon as if it were loaded.RULE #1: TREAT every weapon as if it were loaded. NEVER point a weapon at anything that you do not intend to shoot.RULE #2: NEVER point a weapon at anything that you do not intend to shoot. KEEP your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to fire.RULE #3: KEEP your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to fire. KEEP your weapon on safe until you intend to fire.RULE #4: KEEP your weapon on safe until you intend to fire.
Load Make Ready Fire Cease Fire Unload Unload, show clear WEAPON COMMANDS
Ensures that the chamber is clear –Point the muzzle in a designated SAFE DIRECTION. –Attempt to place selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be placed on SAFE. –Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down. –To lock bolt open, pull charging handle rearward. Press bottom of bolt catch and allow bolt to move forward until it engages bolt catch. Return charging handle to full forward position. If you have not done so before, place the selector lever on SAFE. –Visually (not physically) inspect the receiver and chamber to ensure these areas contain no ammo. –Allow inspector to view empty chamber, when confirmed –With the selector lever pointing toward SAFE, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch. “SHOW CLEAR”
TRANSFERRING THE RIFLE Proper weapons handling is required every time a weapon is passed to another person It is the responsibility of the person receiving or taking charge of a weapon to determine its condition.
SHOW CLEAR TRANSFER Person handing off the weapon Ensure the rifle is on safe Remove the magazine if it is present, then lock the bolt to the rear Visually inspect the chamber State “CLEAR” Leave the bolt locked to the rear and hand the weapon to the other Marine Person receiving the weapon must Ensure the rifle is on safe Visually inspect the chamber State “CLEAR” Release the bolt catch and observe the bolt going forward on an empty chamber Close the ejection port cover
CONDITION UNKNOWN TRANSFER Conducted by a person when he takes charge of an unmanned rifle in any situation To properly pass a rifle between persons when its condition is unknown, the person receiving the weapon must conduct the same steps as in the show clear transfer If rounds are present, and time permits, count the rounds.
CORRECTIVE ACTION Seek cover if situation permits Finger straight and off the trigger Observe ejection port cover Tap-the bottom of the magazine Rack-pull charging handle to the rear and release it Bang-sight in and attempt to fire
Seek Cover if tactical situation permits Finger straight and off the trigger Observe ejection port cover Remove the magazine Lock Bolt to the rear –If bolt does not lock: Rotate rifle with ejection port cover down Hold charging handle back and shake rifle If rounds don’t shake free, strike butt on the ground, or pry them out manually Reload, sight in, attempt to fire CORRECTIVE ACTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION Seek Cover if tactical situation permits Finger straight and off the trigger Observe ejection port cover Conduct a dry reload Sight in and attempt to fire
Seek Cover if tactical situation permits Finger straight and off the trigger Place rifle in condition 4 Remove bolt carrier group Inspect bore for obstruction Insert cleaning rod into bore from muzzle Reassemble the rifle Conduct Reload Sight in and attempt to fire AUDIBLE “POP” OR REDUCED RECOIL