Presentation on theme: " On this day in history in 1906, Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube) If you could invent anything to what would it."— Presentation transcript:
On this day in history in 1906, Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube) If you could invent anything to what would it be, describe it with tons of detail. Explain why it would be important and who would use it
Authority: a person who has a right to control others Pharaohs: what the rulers of Egypt were called Ritual: a ceremony reenacted in the same way time after time Underworld: the world of the dead Afterlife: life after death Mummy: a body preserved by a special process
Who remembers what Polytheism means? The belief in many gods Egyptians, like the Sumerians, were also polytheistic. Therefore, the Egyptians believe in many Gods, even more than the Sumerians!!
The ancient Egyptians worshiped over 2000 gods and goddesses. Most gods were related or interacted with other God’s Let’s watch and see… http://www.ancientegypt.co.u k/gods/story/main.html
As you will see, many gods were associated with animals Egyptians believed God’s shared the qualities of these animals (strength, speed, bad temper)
The Egyptian’s sun god He was the lord of all the gods. He was usually shown in human form with a falcon head, crowned with the sun disc encircled by the a sacred cobra.
The jackal Appearance: jackal-headed god Job: Guardian of the cemetery. Guide of the dead as they made their way to the underworld. Keeper of poisons. Patron of magic
He who is above Appearance: man with the head of a hawk or falcon Job: Guards the pharaohs Stands for good, truth, justice
The Throne Appearance: a woman, a winged goddess, wearing the hieroglyphic symbol of her name on her head Job: Protector of the dead. Great enchantress, goddess of magic. She taught mankind the secrets of medicine.
Goddess of Truth, Law, Order Appearance: lovely woman, holding a huge feather Job: Maat’s feather sits in balance on one side of the scale during the weighing of the heart ceremony Father Ra, Husband Thoth.
King of the Dead Appearance: green or red skin with a beard, wearing white mummy wrappings Job: Supreme god, ruler of the afterlife. Symbol of eternal life
The Great Measurer, God of Wisdom (husband of Maat) Appearance: man with head of an ibis (dog-faced ape) Job: Records the heart weight at the weighing ceremony, scribe of the gods, keeper of all knowledge Invented spoken and written languages, geometry, and medicine
Egyptians believed they, like Osiris could overcome death Ancient Egyptians believed that the afterlife was… effected by life on earth Egyptians would enjoy all of the things that they had loved in life But it was necessary that they prepare
The first way to prepare was to live well. Egyptians believed that Osiris decided who could enter the afterlife. Those who had lived good lives would be allowed to live forever If you had lived a poor life with sinful choice you would be destroyed forever
The second way Egyptians prepared for the afterlife was preserving their bodies after death. Egyptians believed a person had 2 spirits One was Ka or the life force The other was Ba or the soul For a person to live forever Ka and Ba had to be united with the body after death
Egyptians went to great efforts to preserve the bodies of their dead. Poor people were buried in the desert where the hot sand quickly dried out the bodies
Wealthy Egyptians had their bodies made into mummies A mummy is a body preserved by a special process. From these preserved bodies, scientist today have learned a great deal about life and death in ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptians were not the only ones to undergo mummification; animals were often mummified as well Certain animals were valued highly: Cats for example were thought to be the earthly form of the goddess Bastet. Egyptians also mummified beloved pets such as dogs, monkeys and birds. They were often buried next to their owner in the same tomb