Presentation on theme: "The Second Red Scare. 1950-Senator Joseph McCarthy The Wisconsin Senator was looking for a campaign issue to earn him some media attention to help him."— Presentation transcript:
Lucille Ball 1953-Investigated by HUAC for registering to vote as a communist in the 1930’s at the urging of her Grandfather.
“The only thing ‘red’ about Lucy is her hair & that’s not even real.” Desi Arnaz
1950- Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Accused of passing nuclear secrets to the Soviets.
1953- The Rosenberg’s executed for espionage. Later evidence revealed Julius was a spy but Ethel was not.
1950-Senator Joseph McCarthy The Wisconsin Senator was looking for a campaign issue to earn him some media attention to help him get re-elected.
In a campaign speech in West Virginia, McCarthy claims to have a list of 205 known communist agents working in the US State Department.
McCarthyism- The use of unproven accusations to label someone as a communist.
Impacts of McCarthy & Anti-Communist Hysteria: Politics: moved right – fear that any enlargement of government role in life was a move towards socialism/communism. Laws: many laws passed at all levels preventing communists from doing things or requiring a loyalty oath Education: teachers and professors required to take loyalty oaths, textbooks spread anti-communist propaganda Entertainment: individual writers, producers, actors, etc. were “blacklisted” from working in Hollywood if they defended themselves against anti-communist charges
1954- The Army-McCarthy hearings In nationally televised hearings, McCarthy is exposed as a bully and a fraud when he accuses the US Army for sheltering Communists.
A “Witch Hunt”. 1954- McCarthy is censured by the US Senate for conduct unbecoming his office. Irony – very few communists ever in US