Presentation on theme: "Lesson One – The North and South in Pre-Civil War"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson One – The North and South in Pre-Civil War Civil War UnitLesson One – The North and South in Pre-Civil WarUnit Objectives:1.The students will gain an understanding of how to use the processes andresources of historical inquiry.2. Students will develop an awareness of how science, technology, andeconomic activity have developed, changed, and affected societiesthroughout history.3. Students will gain an overall understanding of the Civil War and its effectson our country.
3 Vocabulary WordsSlavery - a practice in which one person (a slave) is owned by another personFree laborer - a worker who was not owned by another person, they were paid for the work they didPlantation - large area used to grow crops such as rice, tobacco, and cottonFactory - a building used for manufacturing goods such as turning cotton into clothSlave - a person who is owned by another human being, often required to work long hours with no pay and not allowed to leave owner’s propertySlave owner - a person who owned another human being
4 Life in the AmericasTime was moving along and the way people were living was changing. People had settled in to the America territories and life was different in the northern and southern parts.The Civil War was a war that was fought between two parts of the same country. America had a Civil War that was fought between the Northern and the Southern states. Over the next two weeks we will be studying the Civil War, what the war was about, who fought in it, and why it happened
5 The NorthThe north favored small farms rather than large plantations. They needed less workers to farm their lands. Most northern households that owned slaves usually had at least two. They did housework and helped in small businesses. These first slaves were probably freed after a few years. Gradually the northerns began to see less and less need for slaves.
6 North Pre-Civil War Jobs Cities Transportation Slavery Land Less than half in farmingManufacturingCitiesMany large citiesTransportationMost railroads were in the NorthSlaveryMany anti-slavery groupsImmigrant labor insteadLandBetter for small farmsAdditional Information needed to fill in the organizers:Northern soil favored small farms rather than large plantations.• Industry flourished; there were more abundant natural resources• Many large cities were established• By 1860, 25% of all northerners lived in urban areas• Between the percentage of people working in agriculture dropped from 70% to 40%• Slavery had died out in the North. It was replaced in cities and factories by immigrant labor from Europe.• 7 out of 8 immigrants settled in the North.• Transportation was easier. More than two-thirds of the railroads were in the North.• More Whig/Republicans• More people had careers in business, medicine, education and engineering.
7 The SouthIn the south they had large farms called plantations. Slaves were vital to their way of life. They worked plantations that produced crops, such as tobacco, rice, sugar, or cotton. Running a plantation took a lot of work and money. Slaves became the cheapest and efficient form of labor. As a result, many plantation owners became very wealthy, Enslavement usually lasted a person’s entire life. Even children born to slaves were enslaved.
8 South Pre-Civil War Jobs Cities Transportation Slavery Land Most in farmingCitiesVery few large citiesPortsTransportationFewer railroads Difficult except by waterSlaveryLabor force for large plantationsLandFertile soilGood for tobacco and cottonTeacher Notes: The South• Fertile soil and warm climate• Ideal for large scale farms and crops like cotton and tobacco• Agriculture was so profitable there was no need for industrialdevelopment• 80% of the labor force worked on farms• Although about two-thirds of Southerners owned no slaves, by the 1860sslavery was inextricably tied to the regions economy and culture• There were almost as many blacks in the South as whites. (4 millionblacks and 5 million whites)• No large cities except for New Orleans; most cities were on rivers orcoasts because of shipping ports• Only 10% of people lived in urban areas• Transportation was difficult except by water• Only 35% of railroads tracks were in the South• In the 1860s, the agricultural economy was beginning to stall while thenorthern manufacturing was experiencing a boom.• More people in the Democratic party• Most people in agricultural or military careers
9 Read – Now Let Me Fly Discuss the story. What is a slave? Who owned slaves?Where did slaves come from?How did the slaves get to America?How would you have felt if you were a slave?What war will we be studying?What country fought in the Civil War? What was the main reason for the war? Tomorrow we will be talking about a woman who helped many slaves escape.