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World History China Responds to Western Pressures Review – Chapter 28 Sec 1.

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Presentation on theme: "World History China Responds to Western Pressures Review – Chapter 28 Sec 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History China Responds to Western Pressures Review – Chapter 28 Sec 1

2 Question 1 Define self-sufficient.

3 Needing no outside help in satisfying one's basic needs, especially with regard to the production of food

4 Question 2: What product did the British purchase large quantities of from the Chinese that prompted them to search for a product to balance the trade.

5 Tea

6 Question 3: The War between China and Britain over the British import of an addictive drug into China (1839)

7 Opium War

8 Question 4: A violent uprising caused by Chinese resentment towards foreigners and their influence in (1900)

9 Boxer Rebellion

10 Question 3: The rights under which foreigners are not subject to a country’s laws

11 Extraterritorial rights

12 Question 5: A revolt led by Hong Xiuquan, who recruited followers to build a “Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace” in China (due to gov’t corruption and famine)

13 Taiping Rebellion

14 Question 6: A foothold by foreign countries in the affairs of another nation, such as the control of trade and investment

15 Sphere of influence

16 Question 7: The US policy that gave all nations the right to trade with China and protect China from colonization

17 Open Door Policy

18 Question 8: Which of the following was an internal problem for the Chinese? – A: population – B: flooding of the Huang He River – C: gov’t corruption – D: All of the above

19 D: All of the above

20 Question 9: True or False China won the Opium War.

21 False: The British won

22 Question 10: True or False The Treaty of Nanjing was the peace treaty signed at the end of the Opium War that gave the British control of the island of Hong Kong.

23 True

24 The period of “enlightened rule” under Mutsuhito who modernized Japan (1867-1912)

25 Meiji Era

26 The 1904-1905 conflict between Japan and Russia over control of Korea and Manchuria

27 Russo-Japanese War

28 The 1854 treaty in which Japan opened two ports at which U.S. ships could take on supplies

29 Treaty of Kanagawa

30 The rights under which foreigners are not subject to a country’s laws

31 Extraterritorial rights

32 Review

33 Describe the system of peonage in Latin America.

34 Wages were low and prices were high…their debt accumulated and then passed from one generation to the next A system of involuntary servitude in which the laborer is forced to work off a debt.

35 Describe the term caudillo.

36 The term is often associated with the military leaders that ruled countries in Latin America in the early 19th century when political conditions were unstable in the wake of long armed conflicts.

37 Describe the Monroe Doctrine.

38 The policy, as stated by President Monroe in 1823,that the U.S. opposed further European colonization of and interference with indepen dent nations in the Western Hemisphere.

39 In 1878, Cuba declared its independence and fought a 10 year war with which European power?

40 The Spanish (fought Spain)

41 Who was Jose Marti?

42 A writer that had been exiled from Cuba, fought for Cuban independence but was killed during the war Became a symbol of Liberty

43 Explain the motivation of the US to join Cuba’s fight against the Spanish.

44 1.) business holdings in Cuba (economic) 2.) Spanish mistreatment of Cubans (put in concentration camps)

45 Who won the Spanish America War?

46 Cuba/US

47 True or False After its defeat in the Spanish-American war, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines became U.S. territories.

48 True

49 Why did the people of Panama allow the US to build the Panama Canal?

50 No longer wanted to be controlled by the Colombians US helped Panama win their independence Panama gave US a 10 mile wide zone to build the Canal Canal opened trade routes from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1914

51 Describe the Roosevelt Corollary.

52 Gave the US the right to be an international police power (addition to the Monroe Doctrine)

53 True or False In the 1820’s, Mexico encouraged American citizens to move to the Mexican territory of Texas to help populate the country.

54 True

55 True or False Santa Anna won the battle of San Jacinto but lost the battle at the Alamo.

56 False

57 Define the term annex.

58 To add To incorporate (territory) into the domain of a city, country or state

59 After fighting with Mexico this treaty gave the US the northern third of what was then Mexico, including California and the American Southwest.

60 Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo

61 True or False The Anglos (English speaking colonists) were given inexpensive land and pledged to follow the laws of Mexico.

62 True

63 The liberal reformer who strongly influenced Mexican politics; he was elected president in 1861 and 1867

64 Benito Juarez

65 The dictatorial general who took control of Mexico and ran an orderly but corrupt country (1876-1911) Wanted order and progress

66 Porfirio Diaz

67 He led the Mexican fight for independence, served as Mexico’s president, and fought the U.S. for Texas

68 Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

69 The Mexican liberal reform movement, whose goals included land reforms, separation of church and state and education

70 La Reforma

71 From exile in the US, he called for an armed revolution to bring democracy to Mexico (1910)

72 Francisco Madero


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