2 Abbreviations Teaspoon = tsp. or t. Tablespoon = tbsp. or T. Cup = c. Pint = pt.Quart = qt.Pound = lbOunce = ozSquare = sqMinutes = min.
3 Measuring ToolsWhat are the two ways of measuring ingredients for accuracy? Measuring cups/spoons and weighing.The two types of measuring cups are liquid and dry. The difference is that liquid has a pouring spout.Liquids are measured on a flat surface at eye level.
4 Measuring ToolsThe sizes of dry measuring cups are ¼ c, 1/3 c, ½ c, and 1 c.Sizes of measuring spoons are ¼ t, ½ t, 1 t, and 1 T.
5 Measuring Techniques: Granulated Sugar: scoop into a dry measuring cup, level.Brown Sugar: pack the sugar into a dry measuring cup, level.Shortening: pack down in dry measuring cup or use water displacement.Egg: crack into separate bowlFlour: spoon lightly into dry cup, level.Salt/Seasoning: measure over separate bowl, level.
6 Equivalents 1 T.= 3 t. 1 c.= 16 T. ¼ c. = 4 T. 1/3 c. = 5 T. + 1 t. 1 c. = 8 fluid oz.1 T = ½ fluid oz1 gal. = 4 qt.1 qt = 2 pt.1 pt = 2 c.1 lb. butter = 2 c.1 stick of butter = ½ c.16 oz = 1 lb
7 Kitchen MathNow it is YOUR turn to practice fundamental kitchen math skills!Complete the Equivalents worksheet.Refer to your KEY or the diagram on back to help with this!