# Heat Transfer.

## Presentation on theme: "Heat Transfer."— Presentation transcript:

Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer Heat always moves from a warmer place to a cooler place.
Hot objects in a cooler room will cool to room temperature. Cold objects in a warmer room will heat up to room temperature.

Question If a cup of coffee and an ice cube were left on the table in this room what would happen to them? Why? Answer The cup of coffee will cool until it reaches room temperature. The ice will melt and then the liquid will cool to room temperature.

HEAT TRANSFER METHODS Conduction Convection Radiation

CONDUCTION Heat travels along a substance from molecule to molecule (between two materials that touch each other) Good conductors (silver, copper, gold) Poor conductors ( glass, paper, Styrofoam)

Conduction When you heat a metal strip at one end, the heat travels to the other end. As you heat the metal, the particles vibrate, these vibrations make the adjacent particles vibrate, and so on and so on, the vibrations are passed along the metal and so is the heat. We call this?

Metals are different The outer e_______ for metal atoms drift, and are free to move. lectrons When the metal is heated, this ‘Sea of electrons’ gain k_____ energy and transfer it throughout the metal. inetic Insulators, such as w___ and p____, do not have this ‘Sea of electrons’ which is why they do not conduct heat as well as metals. ood lastic

Why does metal feel colder than wood, if they are both at the same temperature?
Metal is a conductor, wood is an insulator. The metal conducts the heat away from your hands, the wood does not conduct the heat away from your hands as well as the metal, so the wood feels warmer than the metal.

CONDUCTION EXAMPLES water heating on an electric stove
hot sand touching your feet touching a stove and being burned ice cooling down your hand boiling water by thrusting a red-hot piece of iron into it

CONVECTION transfer of energy as it is carried through a liquid or gas
heat transfer by a circulation of rising warm air (less dense) and sinking cooler air (denser). “Hot air rises” the more dense air sinks forcing the less dense air upward

The particles spread out and become less dense.
Heating fluids What happens to the particles in a liquid or a gas when you heat them? The particles spread out and become less dense. What is a fluid? A liquid or gas.

Fluid movement Cooler, more d____, fluids sink through w_____, less dense fluids. ense armer In effect warmer liquids and gases r___ up. ise Cooler liquids and gases s___. ink

Water movement Cools at the surface Convection current Hot water rises
Cooler water sinks

Why is it windy at the seaside?

Where is the freezer compartment put in a fridge?
Cold air sinks Where is the freezer compartment put in a fridge? Freezer compartment It is warmer at the bottom, so this warmer air rises and a convection current is set up. It is put at the top, because cool air sinks, so it cools the food on the way down.

CONVECTION EXAMPLES macaroni rising and falling in a pot of heated water heat rising from a chimney an old-fashioned radiator (creates a convection cell in a room by emitting warm air at the top and drawing in cool air at the bottom)

RADIATION Carries energy away from the hot object and causes it to cool down The movement of heat in a wave-like motion through an empty space

? RADIATION The third method of heat transfer
How does heat energy get from the Sun to the Earth? There are no particles between the Sun and the Earth so it CANNOT travel by conduction or by convection. RADIATION ?

Radiation travels in straight lines True/False
Radiation requires particles to travel Radiation travels at the speed of light

RADIATION EXAMPLES sunlight heat from toaster heat from a light bulb
heat from a fire heat from anything else which is warmer than its surroundings

hot water rises and cold water sinks
CONVECTION

stir frying vegetables
CONDUCTION

a spoon in a cup of hot soup becomes warmer
CONDUCTION

grilling hamburgers over a charcoal flame

hot air balloon rises CONVECTION

you feel the heat from a campfire

a raw egg begins to fry as it hits a heated frying pan
CONDUCTION

CONVECTION Heated air rises, cools, then falls.  Air near heater is replaced by cooler air, and the cycle repeats.

boiling potatoes CONDUCTION

basement is cooler than the attic
CONVECTION

CONVECTION

a person takes a warm bath
CONDUCTION

heat from a light bulb RADIATION

hot pan is cooled by running it under cold water
CONDUCTION

warm water at the surface of the swimming pool
CONVECTION

ironing a shirt CONDUCTION

wind currents CONVECTION

ANSWER KEY hot water rises and cold water sinks - Convection
stir frying vegetables - Conduction a spoon in a cup of hot soup becomes warmer - Conduction grilling hamburgers over a charcoal flame - Radiation hot air balloon rises - Convection you feel the heat from a campfire - Radiation a raw egg begins to fry as it hits a heated frying pan - Conduction Heated air rises, cools, then falls.  Air near heater is replaced by cooler air, and the cycle repeats. - Convection boiling potatoes in water –Conduction (water to potato) microwave oven - Radiation propane heater - Radiation basement is cooler than attic - Convection radiator warms your hands - Convection a person takes a warm bath - Conduction heat from a light bulb - Radiation hot pan is cooled by running it under cold water - Conduction you get sunburned - Radiation warm water at the surface of the swimming pool - Convection Ironing a shirt - Conduction wind currents - Convection