Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend for Africa’s Socio-Economic Development Dr. Ademola Olajide Head of Division – Health, Nutrition and population African.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Harnessing the Demographic Dividend for Africa’s Socio-Economic Development Dr. Ademola Olajide Head of Division – Health, Nutrition and population African."— Presentation transcript:

1 Harnessing the Demographic Dividend for Africa’s Socio-Economic Development Dr. Ademola Olajide Head of Division – Health, Nutrition and population African Union Commission

2  The African Union Commission (AUC) publishes biennial reports on the State of the African Population (since 2004);  2004: Population and Poverty  2006: Implications of population dynamics for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  2008: The nexus between population and environmental/climate change in Africa;  2010: The nexus between population factors and peace and security;  The report draws on multiple sources of information, including published and unpublished reports, articles and books from several sources;

3 Outline of the Report An Overview of the Demographic Characteristics of Africa The Nexus between Demography and Socio-Economic Development in Africa Youth Bulge, Productive Population and Socio-Economic development in Africa Strategies to harvest the demographic dividends in Africa Conclusions and Recommendations

4  Africa continues to have one of the highest population growth rates globally;  From 1950 to 2010, the total African population grew from 234 million to1.02 billion;  This growth is largely outside north Africa; the rest of the continent, over that same period grew from 186 million to 856 million; with a projection to reach 1.7 billion in 2050;

5 Population Growth Rate. Figure 1: Population Change, by Region, between 2100 and 2100 Population changes between 2010 and 2100 are expected to increase by 2.5 billion in Africa,

6  In 2000 – #10 Nigeria; #15 Egypt; #16 Ethiopia; #23 Democratic Republic of Congo; #27 South Africa;  In 2100; - #3 Nigeria; #5 Tanzania; #8 DR Congo; #11 Uganda; #12 Kenya; #14 Ethiopia; #16 Zambia; #17 Niger; #18 Malawi; #19 Sudan; #21 Egypt; #25 Burkina Faso; #26 Madagascar; #29 Mali

7  With almost 200 million people aged between 15 and 24, Africa has the youngest population in the world;  Africa is currently experiencing a ‘youth bulge’, with about 42 per cent of the entire population was under the age of 15;  While the population age structure of each population varies, the continent is largely characterized by a significant population of young people;

8  9 of the 10 countries with the highest % of population aged <15 years in 2010 are in Africa; ranging from 44.7% in Tanzania to 50.1% in Niger;  In contrast % of older adults (those aged 65-plus years) in Africa is negligible; In 2050, only 7 per cent of Africa’s population is expected to comprise older people

9 Fertility Total fertility as a measure of fertility is defined as the total number of children a woman would bear if fertility rates remained the same during her lifetime. Figure 2: Total fertility rate of Africa and its sub- regions(4) All regions in Africa have a TFR above replacement levels

10 Mortality Infant Mortality Rate (7) Under-five Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) (8). Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000 live births) African IMR has decreased: 1990: 172 2000: 154 2010: 119 African Under-5 MR have decreased: 1990: 88 deaths 2010: 57 deaths MMR has decreased: 1990: 850 deaths 2010: 500 deaths Mortality plays a key role in the demographic dividend. “Demographic transition” refers to the change from high and unpredictable mortality and fertility to low and stable mortality and fertility rates. (6)

11 Migration RegionInternational Migration World213, 944,000 Africa 19, 263, 000 * Asia 61, 324, 000 Europe 69, 819, 000 Latin American & Caribbean 7, 480, 000 Northern America 50, 042, 000 Oceania 6, 015, 000 Push Factors: War Poverty Refugees Asylum Seekers Labour Migrants

12 Urbanization Urbanization in Africa, although it remains below the global average, is radically important in reaping the potential benefits of the demographic dividend. Trends in the proportion of urban population of the sub- regions of Africa (9) urban population accounts for 40 per cent of the continental population “Youth also largely make up the majority of the individuals who move to urban areas in order to access more opportunities, both work and education related.”

13  As countries move through a demographic transition from high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality equilibrium; the size of the working age population mechanically increases;  This large cohort of working age population presents the opportunity to stimulate economic growth – demographic dividend;

14 Concept of Demographic Dividend On average, African nations are approaching a favorable demographic picture where the size of the labour force is twice that of the dependent population (child and elderly population).

15  Promote gender equality, equity and empowerment of women (50%);  Improve access to Qualitative Education - Each year of schooling is associated with an increase in wages (10% or more);  Enhance health status including access to FP services and information;

16  Strengthen Food and Nutrition Security; - one in five children in Africa is moderately or severely underweight.  Facilitate Policy Coherence; e.g promote decent jobs for young persons, Between 2000 and 2008 Africa created 73 million jobs but only 16 million jobs were created for young people 15 and 24;

17  The current demographic profile of the African continent presents an opportunity to harness a demographic dividend;  The dividend is not automatic! National governments must implement a deliberate and coherence range of polices to promote “an integrated, peaceful and prosperous Africa, driven by its citizens and playing its role on the global arena;

18  Merci beaucoup

Download ppt "Harnessing the Demographic Dividend for Africa’s Socio-Economic Development Dr. Ademola Olajide Head of Division – Health, Nutrition and population African."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google