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Chapter 6 Section 2 Creating a New France Lecture Notes

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1 Chapter 6 Section 2 Creating a New France Lecture Notes
Honors World History Chapter 6 Section 2 Creating a New France Lecture Notes Paris in Flames

2 Breaking it Down Like a Real Historian
Historians today divide this time period of history into four sections. 4

3 Phases 1 and 2 The National Assembly ( ) moderate phase, turned France into a constitutional monarchy The Reign of Terror ( ) a time of escalating violence.

4 Phases 3 and 4 The Directory ( ) which was a period of reaction against extremism The Age of Napoleon ( ) which consolidated many revolutionary changes. This section covers the moderate start of the French Revolution

5 We’re Starving Over Here!
The political crisis of 1789 coincided with the worst famine that, even people with jobs had to spend up to 80 % of their income on bread. During these extremely trying times, rumors began to spread, causing the “Great Fear” Constant fear of attacks Rumors asserted that government troops were seizing peasant crops

6 That’s It When nobles started trying to impose medieval dues again, the peasants unleashed their fury. Attacked nobles’ homes. Set fire to old manor records. Stole grain from storehouses. Paris was capital city of France and the Revolutionary Center. A variety of factions or small groups, competed to gain power

7 Radical Groups on the Rise
The Moderates looked to Marquis de Lafayette who headed the National Guard, a largely middle-class militia organized in response to the arrival of royal troupes in Paris. The Paris Commune replaced the royalist government of the city. More radical group than the moderates Could mobilize who neighborhoods for protests or violent action to further the revolution. Newspapers and political clubs, many even more radical than the Commune blossomed everywhere Demanded to end the monarchy Spread scandalous stories about the royal family and members of the court

8 Peasant uprisings and the storming of the Bastille stampeded the National Assembly into action.
On August 4th the nobles voted to end their privileges. Agreed to give up their old manorial privileges. Exclusive hunting rights. Exemption from taxes An End to Special Privilege This meeting abolished feudalism in France. Eventually the reforms that were made during this meeting would be put into law, achieving a key Enlightenment goal: Equality for all citizens. Declaration of Rights of Man In late August the Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man This was the first step towards writing a constitution.

9 = Hmmmm… sound familiar?
Modeled in part on the Declaration of independence written 13 years earlier. Reflected the ideas of Locke and many other philosophes of the Enlightenment Louis XVI was slow to accept the reforms of the National Assembly and Parisians grew suspicious as more royal troops arrived. =

10 BREAD!!!!!!!!! Women March on Versailles
October 5th, thousands of women streamed down the road that led from Paris to Versailles shouting “bread” The crowd’s anger was mostly direct at the queen, Marie Antoinette, most believed that she was frivolous and extravagant. Often the source of scandal since the day she married Louis, she did become more serious and even advised the king to compromise with moderate reformers. Early in the revolution, the radical press spread the story that she had answered the cries of hungry people for bread by saying, “Let them eat cake”, though the story wasn’t actually true. In Paris, the royal family moved into the Tuileries palace, for the next three years, Louis was a virtual prisoner

11 The National Assembly followed the king to Paris and worked to draft a constitution and to solve France’s economic crisis. To help ease the economic burden the Assembly voted to sell Church Land. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790) declared that bishops and priests became elected salaried officials. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy officially ended Church Interference.

12 Finally! Constitution of 1791
Set up a limited monarchy. A new legislative assembly had the power to make laws, collect taxes and decide on issues of war and peace. Ended Church interference in government and ensured equality before the law for all male citizens. Lawmakers would be elected by taxpaying male citizens.

13 Failed Flee Louis’s Failed Flight
In June of 1791 the king disguised as a servant, the queen dressed as a governess and the royal children tried to escape out of France. Louis’s disguise was uncovered by someone who held up a piece of currency with the king’s face on it. Louis’s dash to the border showed that he was a traitor to the revolution.

14 Mixed Reviews Supporters of the Enlightenment applauded the reforms of the National Assembly. They saw the French experiment as the dawn of a new age for justice and equality.

15 YOU SHALL NOT PASS!!!!!! European rulers increased border patrols to stop the spread of the “French Plague”

16 They Did Whaaaaaaaaaaat?
Fueling those fears were the horror stories that were told by the emigres, nobles, clergy and others who had fled France and its revolutionary forces. Emigres reported attacks on their privileges, property, religion and even their lives.

17 Can’t Touch This In 1791, the monarchs of Austria and Prussia issued the Declaration of Pilnitz, in which they threatened to intervene to protect the French monarchy.

18 VI. War at Home and Abroad Without what?
Working- class men and women, called sans- culottes (without…?), pushed the revolution into more radical action. Demanded a republic, a government ruled not by a monarch, but by elected representatives. Several hostile factions competed for power. Jacobins, a revolutionary political club, where mostly middle-class lawyers or intellectuals.


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