Objectives WWBAT identify the contributions of the Qin Dynasty WWBAT analyze the impact of a united government
Do Now What is a dynasty? Series of rulers from the same family What is a government? System by which a nation is ruled by What is the Geography like in China? Rivers that were used for agriculture, mountain ranges, deserts
Qin Dynasty: Strong Government First emperor: Qin Shi Huang demanded all would follow policies burned all books not following practices scholars who protested were burned alive
Qin Dynasty: United China Rules and punishments were unified across China Only one written language Currency was used instead of trade
What were the contributions of the Qin dynasty? Canals linked Rivers Roads linked cities Great Wall of China used to protect China from (Xiongnu people) - Northern invaders built over many years
Objectives SWBAT Compare Chinese dynasties to other governments SWBAT Compare the Qin and Han dynasties of China using a Venn Diagram SWBAT Identify and restate roles and contributions of Confucius and Qin
Begun by a peasant Liu Bang wanted to ease government from Qin Dynasty Father was head of the family Burned all books not following practices of dynasty
Belief that all leaders must be moral China has mountain ranges, deserts and rivers A dynasty low class would learn by example of the higher classes. Wudi was a leader who ruled by the philosophy of Confucianism.
221 to 206 BC Invented the seismograph, acupuncture and sundial Roads linked cities Canals linked rivers Scholars who protested beliefs would be burned alive All family members should be loyal to one another Rules and punishments were the same across China Great Wall of China was built to protect Chinese against invaders
There was currency instead of trade Used rivers for farming King should lead by example Confucianism was followed Children must respect the father
Objectives SWBAT describe the traditions of the Han dynasty lead by the ideals of Confucius
What were three things you learned yesterday about the Qin dynasty? United China Strong Government Built Great Wall of China, roads and canals
Han Dynasty Begun around 206BC to 220 AD by a peasant named Liu Bang wanted to ease government from Qin Dynasty Wudi Later leader who ruled by the philosophy of Confucianism.
Confucius Chinese philosopher (someone who establishes ideas of the way people should live) Preached the way people should live a good life in China
What are the social classes of the Han Dynasty? First Emperor & Government Officials Second Artisans Third Merchants Fourth -Peasants/slaves
What were some of the Achievements of the Han dynasty? Sundial
Medicine Acupuncture- felt that if someone was ill that their natural flow of energy was being disrupted. Process where needles were injected all over body to stop disruption of energy flow
What is Confucianism? A philosophy based on ethics and morality (what is right) Instructed people on how to live a proper life
What does Confucianism say about family? Father was head of the family must be of the highest morals Children must respect the father All family members should be loyal to one another Deceased family members were still worshiped and respected
What does Confucianism say about Government? All leaders must be moral King should lead by example low class would learn by example of the higher classes. Different family members should be mourned different lengths of time
Shang Dynasty Have you ever heard a story about a leader who founded the country? Who? According to ancient stories, a series of kings ruled early China. Around 2200 BC one of them, Yu the Great, is said to have founded the Xia (SHAH) dynasty. Writers told of terrible floods during Yu’s lifetime. According to these accounts, Yu dug channels to drain the water to the ocean. This labor took him more than 10 years and is said to have created the major waterways of north China. The first dynasty for which we have clear evidence is the Shang, which was firmly established by the 1500s BC.
Shang Social Class The social order became more organized under the Shang. The royal family and the nobles were at the highest level. Nobles owned much land, and they passed on their wealth and power to their sons. Warrior leaders from the far regions of the empire also had high rank in society. Most people in the Shang ruling classes lived in large homes in cities. Artisans settled outside the city walls. They lived in groups based on what they made for a living. Some artisans made weapons. Other artisans made pottery, tools, or clothing. Artisans were at a middle level of importance in Shang society. Farmers ranked below artisans in the social order. Farmers worked long hours but had little money. Taxes claimed much of what they earned. Slaves, who filled society’s lowest rank, were an important source of labor during the Shang period.