Climate The Guadarramas are part of the Mediterranean and share its climatic features, characterized by considerable temperatures changes between summer and winter and a very dry summer.
Soil Soil Ecology, with special incidence on the nitrogen cycle It is studied the plant-soil relationship, especially the influence of nitrogen fixing plants on soil. It is measured the nitrogen input into the soil through the litter and through dinitrogen fixation and also the nitrogen flow through mineralization, nitrification and denitrification. The edaphic microorganisms involved in these processes are studied and also the relationship existing not only among these microorganisms, but also between the plants and microrganisms (canopy and rizosphere effects), and the influence thet the environmental fluctuations have on these relationships. Occasionally it is carried out some research in aquatic communities.
Rocks The predominant material of which the mountains are composed is granite. The mountains have undergone significant erosion since their formation, which is the reason why many peaks, especially in the northern and southern sections, have flattened summits.
Flora List of plant species Trees –European Black Pine, Maritime Pine, Scots Pine and Mountain Pine; Holly, Alder, Maple, Hazel, Boxwood, Beech, Holm Oak, Portuguese oak,, Savin Junipers, Rowan and Yew.AlderHazelBeech Portuguese oakYew Shrubs -Tree heath, French Lavender, Common Juniper, Bearberry, Fern, rockroses, Common Hawthorn, Fabacea, Boiss, Rosemary and Thyme.French LavenderFabaceaRosemary Thyme Prevalent pine grove fungi –Morel, Saffron milk cap, Lepiota, chanterelle and King trumpet mushroom.Saffron milk capchanterelleKing trumpet mushroom
Fauna LIST OF ANIMAL SPECIES Reptiles and amphibians –Various snakes both smooth and viperous, lizards such as Lacerta lepida and others in the Lacerta genus, salamanders and toads.Lacerta lepida salamanders Mammals –Squirrel, least weasel, goat, rabbit, roe deer, genets, boar, hare, garden dormouse, Eurasian wolf, badger and fox.roe deerEurasian wolf Birds –European bee-eater, hoopoe, short-toed treecreeper, jay, great tit, pheasant, cuckoo, Eurasian woodcock, wren, chough, crested tit and blue tit, kingfisher, white-throated Dipper, blackbird, various kinglet, golden oriole, European Robin and woodpecker.chough white-throated Dippergolden oriole –Birds of prey Golden eagle, booted eagle and short-toed eagle, owl and shrike, Eurasian black vulture and griffon vulture, tawny owl and Little Owl, falcon, kite and common buzzard.Golden eagletawny owl falcon –Waterfowl Mallard, red-knobbed coot, grey heron, scaup, great northern diver and grebe.red-knobbed cootgreat northern diver
Other Things(1) In the Parque Nacional de Cabañeros there’s a young eagle and there’s a webcam to see it in live. Click in this link to go to the page and the link below to go directly to the webcam: PAGE Live video
Other Things(2) In this link you can design your own food web in a easy and simply way: Design your own food web!
END We hope you have learnt something in this ppt Now, if you go to Guadarrama try to diferenciate the different things we have shown today.