Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Snapshot of World and U.S. Agricultural Trade Presented to 2009 Southern Outlook Conference Daniel B. Whitley Deputy Director, Trade and Biofuels Analysis.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Snapshot of World and U.S. Agricultural Trade Presented to 2009 Southern Outlook Conference Daniel B. Whitley Deputy Director, Trade and Biofuels Analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Snapshot of World and U.S. Agricultural Trade Presented to 2009 Southern Outlook Conference Daniel B. Whitley Deputy Director, Trade and Biofuels Analysis Division Foreign Agricultural Service

2 How Do We Make Official USDA Estimates? Lock-up process

3 Input From Multiple Sources Remote Sensing Economic Reports USDA Agencies (Surveys) Academia Travel Reports Official Country Reports World Weather Reports Attaché Reports Agribusiness Overseas Media OGA ANALYZES AND EVALUATES MARKET INFORMATION AND DATA FOR CREDIBILITY, RELIABILITY, ACCURACY AND TIMELINESS Trade Data Vendors OGA

4 50 FAS Posts Cover 150 Countries Foreign Agricultural Service American In Country FAS Regional coverage No Coverage Or Staff

5 OGA Develops Country/Commodity Balance Sheets =SUPPLYDEMAND Beginning Stocks Production ++ Import s = Exports + Domestic Use + Ending Stocks Private (On-farm) (Pipeline) Government (Security) (Public Distribution) Area Yield Commercial Concessional Feed FSI (Food) (Seed) (Industrial) (Loss)

6 Wheat Rice Feed Grains - Corn, Barley, Oats, Sorghum, Rye Oilseeds - Soybeans, Sunflower, Rapeseed, Peanuts, Palm Cotton Meat- Beef, Pork and Poultry Dairy Sugar FAS Lock-up Commodities

7 Farm Service Agency (FSA) Joint Agricultural Weather Facility Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Economic Research Service (ERS) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB) USDA’s Economic Intelligence System

8 Why: Maintain integrity How often: Monthly, second week When: 2:00 a.m. Where: Secured wing in South Building What: –Incorporate NASS domestic estimates –Finalize PSDs and reports –Secretary Vilsack briefed and WASDE report is released at 8:30 a.m., before markets open –FAS reports and databases released at 9:00 a.m. The Day of Lock-up

9 The Financial Crisis and World Trade The value of global trade contracted in the first half of 2009 compared to last year -30% All Goods By Sector -15% Agricultural Goods -35% Raw Materials -25% Finished Goods

10 All Goods Plummeted 30% Source: Global Trade Atlas

11 Agricultural Goods Dropped 15% Source: Global Trade Atlas

12 Trade Decline Halts ($Billions) Source: Global Trade Atlas

13 Many U.S. Products Depend on Overseas Markets

14 FY 2009 & 2010 U.S. Trade Forecasts for Agricultural Products USDA’s “Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade” Released on August 31, 2009 at 4pm EST Slides prepared by Office of Global Analysis/FAS Changes Since May in 2009 Forecast AgExports raised $1.5 billion to $97.5 billion AgImports lowered $5.0 billion to $76.0 billion AgSurplus raised $7.5 billion to $21.5 billion Initial 2010 Forecast AgExports = $97 billion AgImports = $82 billion AgSurplus = $15 billion

15 U.S. Agricultural Trade Exports Imports Trade Surplus Competition in grain, oilseed & cotton markets and global economic recovery shape the 2010 export outlook. Lower grain volumes & prices account for two-thirds of the expected $18-billion export loss in 2009. Imports recover in 2010 after large decline in 2009. Records 82.2 115.3 36 76 97.5 21.5 59.8 49.1 27.3 97 82 15 79.3

16 Bulk Shipments Fall While High Value Rise

17 Summary Outlook for FY 2010 AgExports Increased Competition in Grain, Oilseed & Cotton Markets Global Economic Recovery Supports High-value Product Sales Bulk exports down $2.7 billion, mostly on weaker prices High-value products up $2.2 billion with generally higher prices for horticultural products and increased meat and soybean oil shipments Grains, Oilseeds & Cotton  Wheat, Coarse Grains & Rice – down a combined $1.3 billion as abundant supplies lower unit value and more than offset any volume gains  Soybeans – exports remain at record volume, but unit value falls on record global production and exportable supply  Cotton – volume falls on smaller US exportable supply & more competition Livestock & Horticultural Products  Red Meats – volumes rise on stronger demand; prices steady to higher  Broiler Meat – volume down on increased competition from Brazil  Horticultural Products – generally higher prices boost export value; record almond stocks with lower prices

18 -$900 (31%) $0 (2%) +$100 (3%) -$200 (3%) $0 (7%) +$100 (2%) +$800 (31%) $0 (6%) $0 (1%) $0 (4%) -$200 (5%) $0 (1%) U.S. Agricultural Exports By Region FY 09 to FY 10 Value Change & (region FY 10 percentage of Total U.S. Agricultural Exports)

19 Top Ag Markets and Ag Suppliers Top Ag Markets… Top Ag Suppliers…

20 Q&A Daniel B. Whitley USDA/FAS/OGA Trade and Biofuels Analysis (202) 720-0823

21 Additional Slides

22 Export Outlook for Grain & Feed Products Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $26.4 Billion $800 Million Initial FY 2010 Forecast: $25.5 Billion Includes corn gluten feed/meal Record 2010 Key Developments  Coarse grains down $400 mil to $9.6 bil; weakening prices more than offset higher volume  Corn exports up 6 mmt to 53 mmt on greater demand and less competition from Ukraine & Russia  Wheat down $550 million on lower unit values, abundant global supplies, and lower import demand  Rice exports fall $400 mil to $1.8 bil Wild Cards  EU wheat quality  Argentine export policies 2009 Key Developments  Stronger late season corn shipments & higher unit values for rice

23 Export Outlook for Oilseeds & Products Excludes corn gluten feed/meal Record Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $20.9 Billion $900 Million Initial FY 2010 Forecast: $20.1 Billion 2010 Key Developments  Soybean export value down $800 million to $12.9 bil as prices fall in response to record global production & increased exportable supply  Soybean volume unchanged as early season gains offset late year slowdown  Soyoil export volume rises 50% due to diminished S. America availability Wild Cards  Late U.S. plantings/cool weather impact on yields  S. American production rebound  China demand remains key to meeting export forecasts 2009 Key Developments  Strong late season soybean sales to China push volume higher

24 Note FY ’09 and prior years based on Census data; FY ’10 forecasts based on WASDE MY forecasts Export Outlook for Cotton Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $3.7 Billion $100 Million Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $3.7 Billion $100 Million Initial FY 2010 Forecast : $3.1 Billion 2010 Key Developments  Export volume down 600,000 mt or 20% to 2.2 mmt due to tighter U.S. supplies and intensified competition from carry over stocks in India and Central Asia  Unit values are up on stronger global demand and tighter world stocks Wild Cards  U.S./foreign crops  Global economic recovery 2009 Key Developments  Lower unit value reduces export value despite somewhat higher shipments Record

25 Export Outlook for Dairy, Livestock & Poultry Initial FY 2010 Forecast: $19.7 Billion Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $18.8 Billion $400 Million 2010 Key Developments  Resumption of long term sales growth  Pork up $445 million, beef up $80 million, and dairy up $120 million as improved global economic conditions stimulate demand  Poultry down slightly on competition from Brazil (broilers) and weak turkey demand (Mexico) Wild Cards  Russian TRQ negotiations for meat and poultry  Changes in BSE protocols  Ongoing SPS trade irritants, i.e. China 2009 Key Developments  Pork export value raised slightly on higher unit value

26 Export Outlook for Horticultural Products Revised FY 2009 Estimate: $21.0 Billion $500 Million Initial FY 2010 Forecast: $22.0 Billion Record 2010 Key Developments  Horticultural products up $1 billion on higher unit values, mainly for processed products  Demand for tree nuts expands in Asia and Europe; record high US almond stocks will help the industry meet foreign demand although unit values are expected lower 2009 Key Developments  Fruits and vegetables, both fresh & processed, reduced $400 million due to short-term contraction in shipments related to economic crisis

27 FY 2009 imports forecast to fall $3.3 billion to $76 billion FY 2010 imports are forecast at a record $82 billion Observations for FY 2009  Large decline for imports expected, down $3.3 billion from the previous year; a year- over-year decline is highly unusual.  U.S. consumer spending on food, both domestic and imported product, is forecast to fall 3.7% to $1.07 trillion in CY 2009. Aggregate import volume is forecast to fall less than 1%, but value is down 4% due to price declines for some products.  Consumer spending contracts with negative wealth effect (lower home values and equity market) and soaring unemployment of 9-10%.  Largest declines registered by horticultural and animal products; smaller shipments of live cattle and swine from Canada as inventories decline on poor producer margins due to high feed and energy costs. Observations for FY 2010  Imports resume growth as consumer spending recovers.  Gains are broad-based across all categories as volumes and prices rise  Sugar imports, which are forecast to rise $700 million in 2009 on higher volume, are expected to rise further on higher prices. Imports Resume Growth After FY 2009 Decline

28 U.S. Exports Plummet FY 2009 Export Forecast Change from FY 2008

29 Satellite imagery Rainfall and temperature data Attaché reports Other reports/sources United States Market Season Average Farm Price Global impact on US trade NASS production/stock reports Major production updates Resolution of ICEC differences Draft Report Attaché reports Other reports/sources Trade databases Supply/use by country Lock-up Week Inter-agency reviews and analyses:

Download ppt "Snapshot of World and U.S. Agricultural Trade Presented to 2009 Southern Outlook Conference Daniel B. Whitley Deputy Director, Trade and Biofuels Analysis."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google