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Rise of Industrialism. Rise of Industrialism ***** Thesis: (When + Where + Topic + Significance) 1.(From the graphs, what generalization can you make.

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Presentation on theme: "Rise of Industrialism. Rise of Industrialism ***** Thesis: (When + Where + Topic + Significance) 1.(From the graphs, what generalization can you make."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rise of Industrialism

2 Rise of Industrialism ***** Thesis: (When + Where + Topic + Significance) 1.(From the graphs, what generalization can you make about the pattern of industrial growth between 1870 and 1920?) 2.(What was the connection between growth in coal and steel? How is the rapid growth of steel production a good indicator of an industrial “boom”?) 3.(Do you think the cartoonist would have described Vanderbilt as a “captain of industry” or a “robber baron”?)

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5 Group+- Factory Owners Factory Workers Consumers Advantages/Disadvantages of Assembly-Line Industrialization

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7 Who are the richest men in American history? 1.John D. Rockefeller 2.Andrew Carnegie 3.Cornelius Vanderbilt 4.John Jacob Astor 5.Bill Gates

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12 UNEVEN DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH wide gap between wealth/power of industrialists and average citizen the material “worth” of the top 10% is greater than that of the remaining 90% Paul Krugman

13 How do the capitalists justify this enormous accumulation of wealth? Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism –adapted Darwin’s theory of evolution –believed the “most fit” had succeeded, therefore they were selected to hold wealth/power –aggressive accumulation of wealth was part of the natural order, efforts to regulate it wouldn’t work

14 “Wealth is a sign of divine favor BUT you must use your superior talents/wealth to help others” Read my book – The Gospel of Wealth !!

15 TRUSTS How do they get so rich? By creating TRUSTS “COMBINATION” business made up of many companies centralized management in the hands of “trustees” stockholders By 1904, 5,300 businesses have been combined into 319 trusts

16 EXAMPLE: Standard Oil Trust

17 Trusts hold tremendous economic power By artificially lowering prices, they can drive competitors out of business. Because competition is limited, they have an unfair advantage in contracts Because competition is limited, they can set prices high. They can control supply.

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19 Trusts Influence Government 1.run for office 2.contribute to campaigns 3.bribe office-holders

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21 What the trusts wanted little or no government regulation high tariffs open immigration anti-union governance

22 How does industrialism affect society?

23 Wealth increases for many Middle and Upper classes benefit –telephones, automobiles, appliances –ready-made clothing, fresh food –department stores –consumerism “White-collar” jobs –Big Business management –clerks, lawyers, accountants, secretaries

24 But not for all Less than 10 % high school graduates Only 1 in 4 own property Urban dwellers –inadequate sanitation, waste disposal –limited access to fresh water –overcrowding –unsafe building practices

25 tenements

26 Two officials of the New York City Tenement House Department inspect a cluttered basement living room, ca

27 10-12 hr. day 6-7 day week no over-time no breaks no safety regulations

28 $5.00 a week

29 Children had to work to support poor families Over 1.5 million Special health problems No education

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33 Labor Dissatisfaction Grows

34 Knights of Labor skilled/unskilled labor open membership, at first 8-hour day, = pay, no child labor, income tax

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37 Samuel Gompers founded AFL American Federation of Labor –“business unionism” –collective bargaining

38 IWW (International Workers of the World) The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things in life. Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the means of production, abolish the wage system, and live in harmony with the earth….Instead of the conservative motto, ‘A fair day’s wage for a fair day’s work,’ we must inscribe on our banner the revolutionary watchword, ‘Abolition of the wage system.’ 1905

39 THE BATTLE BETWEEN LABOR AND CAPITAL

40 Strikers at textile mill, Lawrence, Mass. with federal troops

41 Great Railroad Strike of1877 continuous railroad strikes leave many dead and millions of dollars of damage

42 A view of Carnegie’s Homestead Mill with idled strikers looking on. 1892

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44 Haymarket Square Chicago 1886 “anarchists”

45 Pullman Strike 1894

46 Eugene Debs American Railway Union 1892

47 pollution defoliation silting erosion

48 Muckrakers Upton Sinclair Ida Tarbell David Graham Phillips Lincoln Steffens

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