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 Carnegie Hall, one of the greatest concert halls in the world, is renowned for its elegance, its perfect acoustics and the famous orchestras, musical.

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Presentation on theme: " Carnegie Hall, one of the greatest concert halls in the world, is renowned for its elegance, its perfect acoustics and the famous orchestras, musical."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Carnegie Hall, one of the greatest concert halls in the world, is renowned for its elegance, its perfect acoustics and the famous orchestras, musical groups, and individual singers and musicians that have performed there.  A. NO CHANGE  B. its’ elegance, its’  C. their elegance, their  D. it’s elegance, it’s

3  Situated in the heart of New York City, the hall represents the ultimate goal for many performing artists.  No question.

4  Yet few of the performers and the appreciative audiences know how much Carnegie Hall owes its creation and survival to the generous support of those who loved music or loved those who did.  F. NO CHANGE  G. owes it’s creativity and survivableness  H. owes their creativity and ability to survive  J. is indebted for its’ creation and survivability.

5  A chance meeting in 1887 on board a trans-Atlantic liner lead to it’s construction.  A. NO CHANGE  B. leaded to the construction.  C. led to its construction.  D. Had led to the erection.

6  Whenever you see KAI FONG, that simply means that you should find the most direct, concise, least wordy answer.  Brevity is Best  Conciseness Counts  Short & Sweet  Kai Fong! (I don’t recall how I coined this phrase but it stuck).

7  Andrew Carnegie, a wealthy prodigiously middle aged steel magnate, was on a honeymoon voyage with his young wife.  F. NO CHANGE  G. prodigious steel magnate wealthy and middle aged  H. wealthy steel middle-aged prodigious magnate,  J. middle-aged, prodigiously wealthy steel magnate,

8  She was a member of the Oratorio Society of New York, who’s director, Walter Damrosch, was also a passenger on this ship.  A. NO CHANGE  B. whose director,  C. the director of whom,  D. which was directed by,

9  By the time the ship docked, Carnegie had agreed to sponsor the finest concert hall New York had ever seen. Carnegie eventually contributed more than $2 million to the music hall, which opened in 1891.

10  But many years later, in 1959, the owners of Carnegie Hall revealed plans to tear down the venerable structure and build a skyscraper on the site.

11 Enraged music lovers, a band of them persuaded the New York State legislature to pass a law permitting New York City to acquire the hall and leased it to the newly formed Carnegie Hall Corporation. F. NO CHANGE G. Enraged, a group of music lovers H. A group of music-enraged lovers J. A group of enraged, music lovers

12  Enraged music lovers, a band of them persuaded the New York State legislature to pass a law permitting New York City to acquire the hall and leased it to the newly formed Carnegie Hall Corporation.  A. NO CHANGE  B. subsequently to lease it afterward  C. lease it  D. leasing it

13  About two decades later, as it became obvious that the building was crumbling and in desperate need of repair.  F. NO CHANGE  G. when  H. thus  J. DELETE the underlined portion

14  Once again music lovers hurried to the defense of the hall. They believed that it should not only be renovated but that it should be restored to the original splendor it had at first and that certain areas should be expanded.  A. NO CHANGE  B. undergo being renovated and  C. be required to be subjected for a thorough renovation and  D. be forced to have itself renovated and

15  Once again music lovers hurried to the defense of the hall. They believed that it should not only be renovated but that it should be restored to the original splendor it had at first and that certain areas should be expanded.  F. NO CHANGE  G. restored to its original splendor,  H. allowed to regain it’s original elegance and beauty  J. permitted to return to splendor it possessed when it was first constructed

16 They contributed more than $60 million to the project, which was completed in the winter of  A. NO CHANGE  B. project. Which was completed  C. project, it was finished  D. project. They were finished

17  Today Carnegie Hall stands totally renewed, and everyone associated with it is excitedly envisioning the celebration of its’ centennial in  F. NO CHANGE  G. are awaiting the centennial celebration  H. is eagerly anticipating the celebration of its centennial  J. are awaiting it’s centennial celebration

18  Whenever you see a rectangle, it will always signify that the next questions are about the entire passage as a whole.  Be sure to READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY to be sure you know what it is asking.

19  If the writer wished to expand upon the idea that Carnegie Hall is the ultimate goal of performing artists, he or she would most likely list:  A. more details about how Andrew Carnegie accumulated his fortune.  B. the dimension of Carnegie Hall.  C. more details about how Damrosch persuaded Carnegie to contribute so much money to build Carnegie Hall.  D. some of the famous singers, musicians, and orchestras that played in Carnegie Hall.

20  Suppose the editor of music magazine had instructed the writer to emphasize the acoustical qualities of the hall. Does the essay successfully fulfill the assignment?  (What is the question asking?)

21 Does the essay emphasize the sound (acoustic) quality of the hall? F. Yes, because the essay mentions acoustics in the opening paragraph G. Yes, because the essay stresses the role of acoustics as one of the elements contributing to the fame of Carnegie Hall.

22  H. No, because no details are provided about how good the acoustics are or how the architect of the hall considered acoustics in his plan.  J. No, because so much attention is given to describing parts of the building that had fallen into disrepair.

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24  A few years ago, after a series of lucky breaks and, memorable mishaps, I found myself working as an English teacher in a small Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Nepal.  A. NO CHANGE  B. series of lucky breaks and  C. series, of lucky breaks, and  D. series of lucky breaks--and

25  My students, all boys between the ages of six and ten, were beginners in English, but, like schoolchildren everywhere, they were old hands at managing their teachers.  F. NO CHANGE  G. schoolchildren. Everywhere they  H. schoolchildren everywhere. They  J. schoolchildren, everywhere. They

26  My class was often noisy and apparently unorganized, and our lessons sounded more like recess than language drills.  A. NO CHANGE  B. recess (from the Latin)  C. recess (originally a Latin word)  D. recess—originally a Latin word--

27  For example, I wanted to teach the words over, under, next to, and on top, I had the boys climb up on one anothers back’s to build a human pyramid.  F. NO CHANGE  G. I planned  H. in order  J. since

28  For example, I wanted to teach the words over, under, next to, and on top, I had the boys climb up on one anothers back’s to build a human pyramid.  A. NO CHANGE  B. another’s backs’  C. another’s backs  D. anothers backs

29  You can imagine their shouts and laughter as if hyenas, but you might be surprised at how quickly the boys learned those words.  F. NO CHANGE  G. laughter like hyenas,  H. laughter like a barrel of monkeys,  J. laughter

30  The writer has decided that the assertion made in this paragraph—that the game helped the boys to learn the vocabulary quickly—needs to be emphasized. Which of the following sentences would do that best?  See next slide for answer choices.

31  A. After just a few levels of the pyramid had been constructed, the boys were on top of their lesson.  B. If you were surprised, you shouldn’t have been, because the boys learned very quickly once they decided they wanted to.  C. I discovered however, that the boys did learn very quickly.  D. People are often surprised at how fast students learn, but they shouldn’t be.

32  I was surprised, and so, I think was the headmaster, Geshe, a stern man with a noble reputation.  F. NO CHANGE  G. think, being  H. think, was  J. think it was

33 Recently, he had been given one of the highest academic and religious titles awarded to a monk in his order.  A. NO CHANGE  B. most highest  C. very most highest  D. more higher

34 Modeling Honest Abe, I was a little afraid of him—partly because of his stern face but mostly out of respect for his courage, his scholarship and he was intelligent, too.  F. NO CHANGE  G. Honest Abe a model,  H. Frankly,  J. Like Washington and the cherry tree,

35 Modeling Honest Abe, I was a little afraid of him—partly because of his stern face but mostly out of respect for his courage, his scholarship and he was intelligent, too.  A. NO CHANGE  B. he was also intelligent.  C. his intelligence.  D. his intelligence was also a factor.

36  The Egyptian pyramids were elaborate, monumental tombs.  F. No Change  G.On the other hand, the Egyptian pyramids were elaborate, monumental tombs.  H. By the same token, the Egyptian pyramids were elaborate, monumental tombs.  J. Delete the underlined portion.

37  Add more material to bring it into focus. Which sentence does that best?  A. Despite his many honors, he was not self- important, but quiet and expectant.  B. The world should take greater note of the cause of Tibetan refugees.  C. The plight of young orphans in Tibet has been far from being an eviable one.  D. The monastery was a series of small buildings perched near the top of a rocky slope.

38  As predicted Geshe started clapping.  F. NO CHANGE  G. According to plan,  H. Just then,  J. Nevertheless

39  Which of the following sentences is the most logical conclusion?  A. No Change  B. His applause was startling and alarming.  C. Geshe was applauding.  D. Our class was sounding like colorful, chattering parrots.

40 The writer decided that the implied claim that games are a good way to teach would be strengthened by the following brief example: See your copy now. In order to strengthen the claim without disrupting the flow of the narrative, these sentences should be placed in the: See your copy now. F Why?

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42  A. NO CHANGE  B. permanently changed popular music for all time.  C. permanently changed and forever altered popular music.  D. forever changed popular music  Note: When there is redundancy, avoid repeating ideas that really say the same thing. See red and purple above.

43 Of which dependence has raised questions about whether the emergence of the video is better or for worse.  F. No Change  G. The dependence which  H. The dependence that  J. That dependence

44  Despite these criticisms, the popularity of music videos show no signs of subsiding whatsoever.  A. NO CHANGE  B. have shown  C. shows  D. are showing

45  Despite these criticisms, the popularity of music videos shows no signs to subside whatsoever.  F. No Change  G. of subsiding  H. of having been subsided  J. of being subsided

46  35. Angered by the charges, defenders of video music claim that this art form is still in its infancy.  A. NO CHANGE  B. Angered by video music, critics  C. Angry critics defend video music with the  D. Angered by the charges, music videos are defended against the

47 Angered by the charges, defenders of video music claim that this art form is still in her infancy.  F. NO CHANGE  G. its  H. our  J. their

48  Those artists who look good on camera have a greater chance of success than those who do not, examples are not difficult to find.  A. NO Change  B. not examples,  C. not. Examples,  D. not. Examples

49 When it began to appear on MTV, one group replaced a homely singer with a handsome version: who sounded uncannily like the guy who handled the singing before he did.  F. NO CHANGE  G. version, which (inanimate object)  H. version who (animate-with a heartbeat- object)  J. version which (inanimate object)  WHO-PERSON-has a heartbeat  WHICH-INANIMATE OBJECT/THING

50 When it began to appear on MTV, one group replaced a homely singer with a handsome version: who sounded uncannily like the guy who handled the singing before he did. Colons are used for two purposes usually: 1. when making a list -I went to the store to buy the following: bananas, carrots, apples and oranges. 2. when illuminating or elaborating on an idea: Different teachers recommend different practices: Some suggest a non-fiction; others suggest fiction.

51 When it began to appear on MTV, one group replaced a homely singer with a handsome version who sounded uncannily like the guy who handled the singing before he did.  A. NO CHANGE  B. his predecessor  C. the group’s previous member who sang with them.  D. the person who had been in his place before singing.

52  A female pop singer who enjoying only modest success became a star when she shed her cute-but-chubby image. Unfortunately, her singing skills did not significantly improve.  F. NO CHANGE  G. has enjoyed  H. enjoyed  J. enjoys

53 As these critics see it, explosions and thick- maned guitarists prancing wild about on stage are often attempts to disguise a weak voice or lackluster song.  A. No Change  B. prancing wildly (prance = verb. Wildly = adverb)  C. prance wild  D. pranced wild

54  A Good Final Sentence?: Critics also complain that music videos present distorted views or promote violence or antisocial behavior.

55  Is the final sentence an effective conclusion?  F. No, because it makes a new point that is left undeveloped.  G. No, because its tone differs dramatically from the rest of the essay.  H. No, because it should be placed in Paragraph 1.  J. No, because it is grammatically incorrect.

56  A WRITING QUESTION:  Which of the following sequences of the first four paragraphs makes the essay most logical?  A. NO CHANGE  B. 1, 3, 4, 2  C. 1, 4, 3, 2  D. 3, 2, 1, 4

57  44. Just answer “YES” or “NO” in your head after you read the question. Then, just read the YES answers (if “yes” is in your head or NO answers if “no” is in your head).

58  Suppose that the editor of the school newspaper had assigned the writer to defend rock music. Does this essay successfully fulfill the assignment?  F. Yes, because the writer is opposed to videos, not rock music.  G. Yes, because the writer is concerned about standards in the music industry.  Next page.

59  H. No, because the writer does not answer criticisms of rock music.  J. No, because the writer disapproves of rock music.

60 The effectiveness of the examples given in the essay would be enhanced if the writer were to: A. Provide a brief history of pop music B. Omit all but one example to emphasize that one. C. Give examples of attractive performers who have failed. D. Give more detailed information, including the names of specific artists and groups.

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62  Most of us think the world would be a better place to live in if people could live together as brothers and sisters. This vision may actually have a basis in fact, for some scientists are claiming that humanity has descended from one common ancestor-a woman they’re calling “Eve.”  F. NO CHANGE  G. have been  H. had  J. had been

63  Molecular biologists, who are located more densely at Emory University and the University of California at Berkeley, have analyzed mitochondrial DNA taken from people from all over the world and reached the conclusion that all people are related.  A. NO CHANGE  B. who for the most part work at  C. primarily at  D. primarily and for the most part at

64  Molecular biologists, who are located more densely at Emory University and the University of California at Berkeley, have analyzed mitochondrial DNA taken from people from all over the world and reached the conclusion that all people are related.  F. NO CHANGE  G. Berkeley. Have  H. Berkeley—have  J. Berkeley have

65  Hence, a unique genetic blueprint is carried virtually unchanged from mother to daughter. This blueprint can be used to trace humanitys’ maternal family tree.  A. NO CHANGE  B. humanity’s  C. humanitys  D. humanity

66  For tracing this family tree backward, scientists found that we all genetically share a single “mother,” who lived about 200,000 years ago.  F. NO CHANGE  G. By  H. Regardless,  J. Then

67  This supermom wasn’t the only living woman (the way the first woman is described in the Bible), but her DNA was more robust than that of other women.  A. NO CHANGE  B. consequently  C. therefore  D. and

68  Eve’s descendants, equipped with this especially hardy set of genes, bred with others and passed their DNA along.  F. NO CHANGE  G. for passing  H. and past  J. passing

69  As with many scientific theories, each one is controversial.  A. NO CHANGE  B. With those  C. One finds many of the  D. There are lots of

70  As with many scientific theories, each one is controversial.  F. NO CHANGE  G. this genetic material  H. this one  J. everyone

71  Anthropologists, whom prefer to draw their conclusions from the fossils they gather in the field are particularly skeptical of this genetically based hypothesis.  A. NO CHANGE  B. whomever  C. who  D. they

72 Anthropologists, whom prefer to draw their conclusions from the fossils they gather in the field are particularly skeptical of this genetically based hypothesis. F. NO CHANGE G. field, are H. field—are J. field. Are

73 Only further testing in the laboratory and further fossil finds will help clear up this lack of belief. A. NO CHANGE B. controversy. C. befuddlement. D. big mess.

74 However, things were likely to get more complicated before they get any clearer, for scientists are now hot on the trail of our common male ancestor whom they’re already calling—what else—Adam! F. NO CHANGE G. Will H. Are J. Would be

75  Which sentences would most effectively introduce a new paragraph detailing the search for a male equivalent of Eve?  [1] As with many scientific theories, each one is controversial.[2] Anthropologists, whom prefer to draw their conclusions from the fossils they gather in the field are particularly skeptical of this genetically based hypothesis.

76 [3] They are especially suspicious of Eve’s projected age of 200,000 years; the fossil record suggests that modern human beings are much older than that. [4] Only further testing in the laboratory and further fossil finds will help clear up this lack of belief.[5] However, things were likely to get more complicated before they get any clearer, for scientists are now hot on the trail of our common male ancestor whom they’re already calling—what else—Adam! [59]

77  Which of the following sentences would be the best one for the writer to add to the last paragraph for the purpose of emphasizing the anthropologist’s doubts about genetic theory discussed in the essay?

78  F. Molecular biologists are well versed in anthropology.  G. Anthropologists should explore the mystery of Adam in greater detail.  H. Because people do not look alike, they are most likely not related.  J. Anthropologists believe that future fossil-record research will disprove the Eve theory.

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80 The old man smiled contentedly at the young woman beside him. The sun was setting in a golden arc over filed after filed of ripened wheat—a sight he never tired of.  A – NO CHANGE  B. which he never tired.  C. of which he never tired of  D. which he never tired of it.

81  “You and Grandma must have had great times settling this place,“ the young woman said, nostalgia, in her voice.  F. No Change  G. said, nostalgia  H. said, nostalgic  J. said nostalgically,

82  He remembered hard years, brutal years, the kind your grandchildren never seen. He and his bride…  A. No Change  B. one’s  C. my  D. his

83  He and his bride, had come out, to the area in a freight car with nothing.  F. NO CHANGE  G. bride had come out to the area  H. bride, had come out to the area  J. bride, had come out to the area,

84  At this point of the essay, which of the following would best support the preceding sentence?  See the box 65? It’s the sentence before the box.  Look at the copy your test now for the answer choices.

85  Overwhelmed at first by the flatness and immensity of the land and the hard low glare of sun and constantly howling wind, they nevertheless determined to stay.  F. No Change  G. as a result  H. therefore  J. consequently

86  Here they sweltered in summer. Defenseless against heat and wind that cracked even the earth.  A. No Change  B. summer. Unprotected  C. summer; undefended  D. summer, defenseless

87  Then the house being cold in winter, they had to sleep beside the stove, which nearly always went out in the night.  F.No Change  G. The house, cold in winter,  H. The house, being cold in winter,  J. The house was cold in winter, and

88  One year, to keep from freezing, they burned first the fence posts before the sheds.  A. No Change  B. year, to keep from freezing  C. year to keep, from freezing,  D. year, to keep, from freezing

89  One year, to keep from freezing, they burned first the fence posts before the sheds.  F. No Change  G. and prior to that  H. while  J. and then

90  It was too expensive to drill underground, and the surface water was brackish, unpotable.  A. No Change  B. brackishly,  C. brackishly and  D. brackishly, and

91  Water was a problem too. Good topic sentence for entire paragraph?  Look at your test now.  H.

92 Winters he’d force to leave home to work in town. A. NO CHANGE B. He’d be forced C. He forced D. He’d be to force

93 Winters he’d force to leave home to work in town. Then, because town was some distance, blizzards could keep him from getting home weekends. Those times, he’d think his wife and children were huddled in that shack trying to keep warm.  F. No Change  G. (No new para) Meanwhile, though times  H. (No new para) Those times during which (too wordy)  J. (Begin new paragraph) Times,

94  Which answer evokes some sort of emotion or mood?  A. NO CHANGE  B. worry that  C. surmise whether or not  D. guess that

95  15 kai fong on this test  75 total questions  22 ENGLISH  29 English (if you got all kai fong questions wrong)


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