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The Role of Industry in Space Exploration David Logsdon U.S. Chamber of Commerce Space Enterprise Council November 12, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Industry in Space Exploration David Logsdon U.S. Chamber of Commerce Space Enterprise Council November 12, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Industry in Space Exploration David Logsdon U.S. Chamber of Commerce Space Enterprise Council November 12, 2008

2 Formed in 1999 from a forum hosted by NASA and the U.S. Department of Commerce Original focus was solely on commercial space Focus has expanded to include commercial, civil, and national security space Space Enterprise Council

3 Six working groups Space Transportation Remote Sensing GPS/PNT Space Communications Emerging Markets Export Control Policy Space Enterprise Council Present Day

4 For the past two years, the SEC has worked closely with NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) In January 2008, SEC Space Transportation Working Group (STWG) started Interface Standards activity for ESMD Space Enterprise Council’s Relationship with NASA

5 The Space Enterprise Council agreed to work with NASA on Lunar Standards To evaluate, prioritize, and identify lunar interface standards Focusing on commercial standards that have long term applicability to the lunar architecture Enabling Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) type solutions Identifying what would be best served by US versus International standards Identify candidate sources of those standards Space Enterprise Council’s Relationship with NASA

6 I/F Functional NeedScore Pressurized mech i/f Unpressurized mech i/f Atmosphere Water Power Comm. Protocols Diet Reactants/Work Media Materials Anthropometry Standards Assessment / Availability Using Revised Matrix I/F Functional NeedScore Pressurized mech i/f Unpressurized mech i/f Atmosphere Water Power Comm. Protocols Diet Reactants/Work Media Materials Anthropometry Standards Assessment based on Scenarios Using Revised Matrix Product 1 Product 2 Prioritized Standards with info on “highs” Prioritized Standards with info on “highs” Combined Prioritized list of candidates for Standards Where those standards might be found An identification of candidate actual standards that exist Some examples programs/products that used those standards Product 3 Repeat for Each Standards Area ESMD Lunar Architecture Standards Process and Products

7 Lunar Surface Elements vs Functions As Presented to ESMD on 1/16/08 Initial set of lunar surface elements from NASA architecture studies Initial set of lunar surface functions based on NASA architecture studies Note: Initial matrix provided to STWG by Dallas Bienhoff and Bill Findiesen Each “X” represented where the STWG members felt the function applied to the element

8 Product 1 Standard Assessment / Availability Matrix

9 Surface SuitEVA Suits and portable life support units Living HabitatCrew living quarters. Accommodations for sleeping, washing &hygiene, food preparation & storage, personal space, etc. Work HabitatAllocations for mission experiments, data storage & retrieval, monitoring &maintenance Health HabitatMedical center & supplies. Exercise equipment. Power SystemsFacilities and equipment for power generation, storage, distribution Surface Transportation & Handling Systems Vehicles for transport of manned & unmanned loads and associated storage and maintenance equipment & facilities Communication & Navigation Systems for habitat communication with Earth and outpost assets. Navigation provisions for surface vehicles, outpost sites, and EVA crew. Logistics ResupplyOutpost interface, allocation and storage systems for supply shipments ISRU ProductionSystems and equipment for processing of Lunar regolith. Emergency Egress Systems Outpost and manned vehicle contingency capabilities Surface Construction & Maintenance Hardware & facilities for outpost construction, site preparation, habitat maintenance Scientific Instruments & Equipment Value items, payloads, or equipment for accomplishing mission objectives.

10 Depth of Decomposition Degree of Maturity Degree of Commonality Element Level Functional Level (power, comm) Black Box Level Greatest Depth of Detail Least mature but most forward looking Future & Emerging Arch Level Greatest chance for Commonality IdenticalFunctionally CompatibleInteroperable Current Leading Edge Long Standing & Global Highest number is best: “Standards at the architecture level that are long standing and globally recognized, and results in identical common solutions, are most desirable.” Product 1 Standards Assessment Scale

11 Product 1 Standard Assessment / Health Habitat Example HighMedium Low

12 Product 1 Temporal Assessment / Health Habitat Example HighMedium Low

13 Product 1 Probability vs. Applicability / Health Habitat Example HighMedium Low

14 Product 1 Final Assessment / Health Habitat Example This assessment is produced by compiling the results of the following metrics - Return on Investment - Standard Assessment - Temporal Assessment - Probability versus Applicability Assessment These results are most valuable to the scientific / engineering community HighMedium Low

15 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation During the 1-April-08 workshop, three scenario teams performed evaluations of Lunar standards: - Exploration and Science (ES) - Emergency Scenarios (E) - Living and Resupply (L)

16 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation Exploration and Science Scenarios identified at the workshop

17 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation Emergency scenarios identified at the workshop

18 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation Living and Resupply scenarios identified at the workshop

19 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation Matrix

20 Product 2 Scenario Based Evaluation / EVA Suit Example These results are most valuable to the mission operations community HighMedium Low

21 Product 2 - Consolidated Results HighMedium Low The consolidated results of the Standard Assessment / Availability and Scenario Based Evaluations are shown in the matrix below

22 Standards Teaming- A Multi Country Example CLICK TO PLAY VIDEO

23 Power Water Human Factors Unpressurized Mechanical Interfaces Communication Protocol Atmosphere / Environmental Materials Reactants / Working Media Functional Needs with High Rating Based on Standards Assessment / Availability (prioritized) Relative Relative Importance

24 Functional Needs with High Rating Based on Scenarios Exercise (prioritized) Communication Protocol Power Atmosphere / Environmental Pressurized Mechanical Interfaces Unpressurized Mechanical Interfaces Human Factors Reactants / Working Media Materials Waste Management / Recycling Relative Relative Importance

25 Functional Area for StandardsStandards Research Contact PowerDallas Bienhoff (Boeing) WaterAriel Gatti (ATK) Human FactorsAdam Dissel (LM) Unpressurized Mechanical InterfacesRandy Correll (Ball) Communication ProtocolHal Smith (Raytheon) Atmosphere / EnvironmentalKip McClung (USA) MaterialsMartin Frederick (NG) NavigationEd Banas (Honeywell) Reactants / Working MediaWilliam Kosmann (Orbital) Product 3 Standard Source Identification / STWG Contacts Product 3 was envisioned as a compilation of existing standards from many industries and nations which were identified as having possible application for a Lunar outpost. STWG member companies were each assigned an identified Lunar outpost functional area in which to research sources of existing U.S. and international standards. A standard source description form was created to capture each.

26 Product 3 Standard Source Description Form / Water Example Functional Area:Water STWG Focal Point: Ariel C. Gatti Phone(626) Synopsis of Top Level Functional Requirements or Objectives (Based on Matrix and Scenarios)  Water quality standards exist to maintain quantifiable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of water. The primary uses considered for such characterization are parameters which relate to drinking water, safety of human contact, and for health of ecosystems.  Water quality standards, at least as it relates to human consumption, are as applicable on Earth as on the Moon. Applicable Standard (Specific Document Info) Responsible Group/AgencyPoint of Contact (Name, /phone) U.S. Standards:  Water quality standards exist on a national level as legislated by congress and enforced through federal agencies. One agency is the Environmental Protection Agency, an agency of the federal government charged with protecting human health and with safeguarding the natural environment.  The EPA has formed the National Drinking Water Advisory Council (NDWAC). The NDWAC is a 15-member board comprised of five members of the general public, five reps of state and local agencies, and five reps of private organizations and groups demonstrating an active interest in water hygiene and public water supply. NDWAC Chairman (acting) Gregg Grunenfelder Division of Environmental Health Washington State Dept. of Health Olympia,WA GOV (360) International Standards:  The International Organization for Standardization, ISO, also maintains several standards. ISO is the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards. It is a network of the national standards institutes of 157 countries, one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system. - Water quality is regulated by ISO. Standards exist for water sampling, drinking water, industrial class water, sewage water, and examination of water for chemical, physical or biological properties. Water quality regulation is covered in the section of ICS Section of ICS covers the standards of water supply systems. ISO members and technical committees can be contacted via ISO website. (WWW.ISO.ORG) STWG Contact Information Synopsis of Top Level Functional Requirements Applicable Standard Responsible Group / Agency Point of Contact

27 Product 3 Examples of Standards Sources Functional Area for Standards U.S. StandardsInternational Standards Power (Boeing)Enmax; International Space Station Program Water (ATK)EPA, NDWACInternational Standards Organization (ISO) Human Factors (LM)Dept. of Defense (DOD), FAAISO, International Labour Organization (ILO) Unpressurized Mechanical Interfaces (BALL) AIAAISO Communication Protocol (Raytheon) Dept. of Commerce, Naval Observatory, American Inter Range Instrumentation Group (IRIG) IEEE, International Telecommunication Union (ITU); European Technical Standards Institute (ETSI) Atmosphere / Environmental (USA) NAVSEA; OSHA; National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP); Air Standardization Coordinating Committee International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP); International Space University (ISU) Navigation (Honeywell)AIAA; ANSIISO

28 Product 3 Summary of Standards Sources STWG has created a standard standards evaluation form which contains standards sources and contact info for each functional area. In researching standards, it was noted that each functional area may be decomposed into more specific areas each of which may have identifiable standards sources (e.g. Human Factors is composed of Anthropometry, Human Factors Engineering, Physiology, Human Environments, etc.) Also noted is the need for emphasis on identification of standards organizations in addition to the standards themselves. For some functional areas, individual standards may evolve quickly (e.g. Communications) and contact with interested standards organizations will be required for proper updates. Identified international standards to date are primarily European. Additional research should consider other international organizations (for example India, Asia, etc). In discussion with NASA leadership in May 2008, it was determined that some method of evaluation should be implemented to assess the applicability, value, and integrity of the standards and sources that were being identified. Four metrics of evaluation have therefore been instituted by which to judge each standard.

29 Pervasiveness (How widespread is standard in current use? ) Applicability (Does standard apply to a space application?) Timeliness (When does standard become needed based on Temporal Assessment?) Spaceflight History (Has the standard been applied in past or current spaceflight? Industry National Global Most Widespread Use Most Directly Applicable Direct Application is Possible Specialty Nearest Term Need Based on Temporal Assessment Supports Near-Term Standard Need Supports Late-Term Standard Need Supports Mid-Term Standard Need Applicable with Minor Adaptation Significant Modification Required Product 3 Standards Evaluation Metrics No Spaceflight History Yes, Successful Spaceflight History

30 Product 3 Evaluation Database / Human Factors Example

31 Product 3 Summary of Standards Evaluation STWG has created a standards evaluation database to facilitate judgment by NASA of the value or appropriateness of any identified standards. All STWG team collected data has been captured and evaluated in the database according to the four developed metrics. The Excel template facilitates additional inclusion of identified standards and sorting and comparison of data. Evaluation provides quick look into which standards in a given functional area are most applicable and timely; building on the previous Lunar outpost standards development work accomplished in Product 1 and Product 2. Product 3 Development Process Standards Source Description Form Standards Evaluation Metrics Standards Evaluation Database

32 Standards Evaluation Results - Summary The STWG has demonstrated that a multi-industry team can work together to develop products that are useful to NASA The STWG provides easy access to the enormous amount of participating companies’ technical knowledge The STWG has an existing network to the international space community that can be accessed by NASA

33 Standards Evaluation Results - Summary Process Provided Desired Information Scenario Centric Assessment Value Assessment & Availability Matrix List of Sources & Examples The SEC-STWG used a disciplined approach resulting in valuable products to help NASA ESMD

34 Significant onramps need to be developed for the commercial industry Several opportunities for the commercial industry to play a role in space exploration The Role of Business in Space Exploration

35 Lunar Exploration (Possible Areas of Commercial Participation) Launch services Power Water Human Factors Communication Atmosphere/Environment Waste Management/Recycling Construction Navigation The Role of Business in Space Exploration

36 For more information on the Space Enterprise Council, please visit Contact Information


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