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Safety Awareness in the Workplace Developed and presented by: Chip O’Lari (860) 463-3050 on behalf of Quinebaug Valley Community College.

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Presentation on theme: "Safety Awareness in the Workplace Developed and presented by: Chip O’Lari (860) 463-3050 on behalf of Quinebaug Valley Community College."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safety Awareness in the Workplace Developed and presented by: Chip O’Lari (860) on behalf of Quinebaug Valley Community College

2 OSHA Occupational Safety & Health Administration Federal and State Laws and regulations Can perform inspections and issue citations and monetary penalties to companies for noncompliance 2Quinebaug Valley Community College

3 Safety Awareness Nonfatal injuries and illnesses, private industry (2012) Total recordable cases: 2,976,400 Cases involving days away from work: 905,700 Median days away from work: 8 Cases involving sprains, strains, tears: 340,900 Cases involving injuries to the back: 177,580 Cases involving falls, slips, trips: 219,630 Fatal work-related injuries Total fatal injuries (all sectors): 4,628 Roadway incidents (all sectors): 1,153 Falls, slips, trips (all sectors): 704 Homicides (all sectors): 475 source – 3Quinebaug Valley Community College

4 Safety Awareness The following were the top 10 most frequently cited standards by Federal OSHA in fiscal year 2013 (October 1, 2012 through September 30, 2013) (source – Fall protection, construction (29 CFR )29 CFR Hazard communication standard, general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Scaffolding, general requirements, construction (29 CFR )29 CFR Respiratory protection, general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment, general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Powered industrial trucks, general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Ladders, construction (29 CFR )29 CFR Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout), general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Electrical systems design, general requirements, general industry (29 CFR )29 CFR Machinery and Machine Guarding, general requirements (29 CFR )29 CFR Quinebaug Valley Community College

5 Safety Awareness OSHA is Making a Difference In four decades, OSHA and our state partners, coupled with the efforts of employers, safety and health professionals, unions and advocates, have had a dramatic effect on workplace safety. Since 1970, workplace fatalities have been reduced by more than 65 percent and occupational injury and illness rates have declined by 67 percent. At the same time, U.S. employment has almost doubled. Worker deaths in America are down–on average, from about 38 worker deaths a day in 1970 to 12 a day in Worker injuries and illnesses are down–from 10.9 incidents per 100 workers in 1972 to 3.4 per 100 in Source – 5Quinebaug Valley Community College

6 Safety Awareness OSHA 10-hour course for general industry touches on the following topics: Safety & health programs Hazard Communication, including hazardous materials and industrial hygiene Bloodborne Pathogens Lockout/Tagout Walking and working surfaces Emergency Action plan (egress, fire prevention) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Machine guarding Electrical safety 6Quinebaug Valley Community College

7 Safety Awareness OSHA says a good safety & health program involves the following elements: Management leadership and employee involvement Work site analysis Hazard prevention & controls Training 7Quinebaug Valley Community College

8 Safety Awareness The role of insurance carriers By law, each employer must carry Workers Compensation insurance, which is used to pay workers that get injured or ill on the job. The cost of this insurance premium is calculated based on 2 factors: The company’s type of industry The company’s workplace accident history The base rate is multiplied by an “Experience Modification Factor” to calculate the actual premium is the standard. For an unsafe company, it can be as high as For a safe company, it can be as low as Say the base rate is $100,000 per year. The premium could be $75,000 for a safe company, or $400,000 for an unsafe company! If safety is not adequately managed, it can get expensive! 8Quinebaug Valley Community College

9 OSHA REGULATIONS 9Quinebaug Valley Community College

10 HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS 10Quinebaug Valley Community College

11 Hazard Communications also called “Right to Know” law, because you have the right to know about the dangers of the chemicals you work with. 11Quinebaug Valley Community College

12 HazCom (cont.) These are the various aspects of the Hazard Communication standard 29 CFR : Labeling Safety Data Sheets – formerly MSDS Spill containment Training 12Quinebaug Valley Community College

13 HazCom (cont.) 13Quinebaug Valley Community College

14 HazCom (cont.) 14Quinebaug Valley Community College

15 HazCom (cont.) Safety Data Sheets, formerly called Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), are documents provided by the supplier of each chemical. They list all hazards. Following global harmonization of this standard (ongoing now), each SDS will follow a certain order using 16 categories in order, for ease in finding the information quickly. Safety Data Sheets 15Quinebaug Valley Community College

16 HazCom (cont.) 16Quinebaug Valley Community College

17 Bloodborne Pathogens 17Quinebaug Valley Community College

18 Bloodborne Pathogens What it is, what it isn’t. How is it transmitted? Universal Precautions. If exposed, what next? 18Quinebaug Valley Community College

19 Lockout/Tagout 19Quinebaug Valley Community College

20 Lockout Tagout What is Lockout Tagout? 20Quinebaug Valley Community College

21 Lockout Tagout A program designed to protect workers who service, setup, and repair machinery where the inadvertent startup would cause injury. What is Lockout Tagout? 21Quinebaug Valley Community College

22 Lockout Tagout What is the difference between Authorized and affected employees? 22Quinebaug Valley Community College

23 Lockout Tagout Maintenance workers are authorized to use locks and tags. Everyone else who might be “affected” by this protocol must be trained also. What is the difference between Authorized and affected employees? 23Quinebaug Valley Community College

24 Lockout Tagout Energy sources Electrical Compressed air (pneumatic) Water Hydraulic Potential energy 24Quinebaug Valley Community College

25 Lockout Tagout What is the difference between locks and tags? 25Quinebaug Valley Community College

26 Lockout Tagout What is the difference between locks and tags? Tags are only for notification 26Quinebaug Valley Community College

27 27Quinebaug Valley Community College

28 28Quinebaug Valley Community College

29 29Quinebaug Valley Community College

30 Lockout Tagout What is the one basic rule for AFFECTED employees? 30Quinebaug Valley Community College

31 Lockout Tagout “YOUR MAIN JOB IS TO ALWAYS RESPECT THE LOCKS AND TAGS WHICH HAVE BEEN PLACED ON SWITCHES AND SHUTOFFS, ETC. AND NEVER REMOVE THEM OR ACTIVATE A MACHINE WHICH HAS A LOCKOUT/TAGOUT DEVICE ON IT.” 31Quinebaug Valley Community College

32 Safety & Health (general) 32Quinebaug Valley Community College

33 Safety Awareness OSHA says a good safety & health program involves the following elements: Management leadership and employee involvement Work site analysis Hazard prevention & controls Training 33Quinebaug Valley Community College

34 Safety & Health Safety & Health manual/procedure Safety Committee Safety Incentives 34Quinebaug Valley Community College

35 Safety Awareness Accident pyramid 1 accident 10 near misses 100 unsafe acts and/or unsafe conditions 35Quinebaug Valley Community College

36 Safety Awareness The object of safety management is to remove the causes of unsafe acts and unsafe conditions BEFORE they become a near miss, accident or injury. 36Quinebaug Valley Community College

37 Safety Awareness There are 2 types of hazards: Objective hazards – the hazard is present in the environment. Also called unsafe conditions. Subjective hazards – the hazard is created by the worker’s behavior. Also called unsafe acts. 37Quinebaug Valley Community College

38 Safety Awareness Different OSHA regulations pertain to each type of hazard: Objective hazards - – Hazard Communication – Machine guarding – Electrical safety – Bloodborne pathogens – Fire safety/evacuation – Emergency preparedness – Welding/hotwork – Confined space 38Quinebaug Valley Community College

39 Safety Awareness Different OSHA regulations pertain to each type of hazard: Subjective hazards – – Lockout/Tagout – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – Forklift safety – Ergonomics 39Quinebaug Valley Community College

40 Safety Management 101 There are several strategies used for managing safety in the workplace, including: 3-step improvement flow 5 S Visual workplace Safety incentives/rewards 40Quinebaug Valley Community College

41 Safety Management 101 Successful hazard prevention, correction & controls use the following 3-step methodology: 1.Eliminate the job step - Sometimes you get lucky. Otherwise, 2.Can you engineer a safer solution to reduce or eliminate the hazard? This is often possible but takes resources and commitment from management to a safer workplace. Otherwise, 3.You must institute the safest procedure, PPE and (often repeated) training. This is never 100% effective, so this method is always the last resort. 41Quinebaug Valley Community College

42 Safety Management S is a lean manufacturing concept, but has great benefit for improving the objective hazards in a workplace, as follows: 1.Sort – remove unnecessary items and dispose of them, 2.Straighten (or Set in Order) – Arrange all necessary items in order so they can be easily picked, 3.Shine (or Sweep) – Clean your workplace completely 4.Standardize – maintain cleanliness and orderliness at all times 5.Sustain – Keep in working order 42Quinebaug Valley Community College

43 Safety Management Quinebaug Valley Community College

44 Safety Management 101 Another management tool is called the Visual Workplace. It is a self-explaining environment. There are several possible components, as follows: Area Signs – explaining the purpose of specific areas Floor marking – walkways, restricted access, forklift lanes, etc. Safety signs – “Wet Floor”, “Not An Exit”, etc. Workmanship standards – examples of defects Visual instructions – less language, more pictures Shadow boards – a place for tools, easy to see when missing. 44Quinebaug Valley Community College

45 Safety Management 101 Area Signs – explaining the purpose of specific areas: 45Quinebaug Valley Community College

46 Safety Management 101 Floor marking - for traffic control: 46Quinebaug Valley Community College

47 Safety Management 101 Safety signs – objective hazard alerts: 47Quinebaug Valley Community College

48 Safety Management 101 Workmanship standards – defect and processing examples: 48Quinebaug Valley Community College

49 Safety Management 101 Visual instructions – pictures, not langauge: 49Quinebaug Valley Community College

50 Safety Management 101 Shadow boards – a place for tools and parts/supplies: 50Quinebaug Valley Community College

51 Safety Management 101 Signs provide direction! 51Quinebaug Valley Community College

52 Safety Management 101 Safety incentives are commonly used to keep employees focused on safety. There are many possible incentive programs: Raffles and drawings – on some milestone (like time without an accident) Gift for each applicable employee Reward for “catching” someone performing safe work practice. 52Quinebaug Valley Community College

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