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ADOSH Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health Administration 800 W. Washington Street, Phoenix, AZ 85007 Consultation: 602-542-1769.

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Presentation on theme: "ADOSH Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health Administration 800 W. Washington Street, Phoenix, AZ 85007 Consultation: 602-542-1769."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADOSH Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health Administration 800 W. Washington Street, Phoenix, AZ 85007 Consultation: 602-542-1769

2 GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM for HAZARD COMMUNICATION Steven Weberman, Industrial Hygienist ADOSH IH Consultant, 602-542-1655 weberman.steve@dol.gov

3 3 Outline  GHS overview  Changes to the Hazard Communication Standard  Effective Dates

4 4 Introduction  1983: OSHA’s Mandates the Hazard Communication Standard - 1910.1200. Written Program Written Program Inventory List Inventory List Labeling Labeling MSDS MSDS Employee Training & Information Employee Training & Information  2015, Major Overhaul to the Standard !

5 5 GHS Overview  “ Globally Harmonized System of the Classification & Labeling of Chemicals and Safety Data Sheets” United Nations guidance for a uniform (harmonized) hazard communication system United Nations guidance for a uniform (harmonized) hazard communication system Initiated at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)Initiated at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Based on ”major” existing systems Based on ”major” existing systems USA and Canadian systems for the workplace, workplace, consumers and pesticidesUSA and Canadian systems for the workplace, workplace, consumers and pesticides European Union directives for classification and labeling of substances and preparationsEuropean Union directives for classification and labeling of substances and preparations United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.

6 6 OSHA rule  Major changes to the Hazard Communication Standards Changed “hazard determination” to “hazard classification” Changed “hazard determination” to “hazard classification” Changed “MSDS” to “SDS” Changed “MSDS” to “SDS” Changed definitions to comply with GHS Changed definitions to comply with GHS Labels for shipped containers must have GHS information Labels for shipped containers must have GHS information Workplace labels may be GHS labels, or other labels that identify the material and hazards that are as effective as the GHS labels.Workplace labels may be GHS labels, or other labels that identify the material and hazards that are as effective as the GHS labels. Safety Data Sheets with 16 sections Safety Data Sheets with 16 sections Will include guidance for transportation information and environmental hazards.Will include guidance for transportation information and environmental hazards.

7 7 OSHA rule Other OSHA standards will be affected where applicable (incorporated by reference) Other OSHA standards will be affected where applicable (incorporated by reference) New wording on warning signs for asbestos and other health hazards.New wording on warning signs for asbestos and other health hazards. Affected standards include: HAZWOPER, Combustible and Flammable Liquids, Welding, Cutting and Brazing, Chemical Hygiene Plan, Permit-Required Confined Space Entry, etc.Affected standards include: HAZWOPER, Combustible and Flammable Liquids, Welding, Cutting and Brazing, Chemical Hygiene Plan, Permit-Required Confined Space Entry, etc.

8 8 GHS Overview  Elements Harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards Harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards Harmonized hazard communication elements, including requirements for labeling and safety data sheets. Harmonized hazard communication elements, including requirements for labeling and safety data sheets. http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs /ghs_rev04/04files_e.html http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs /ghs_rev04/04files_e.html GHS “Purple Book”

9 9 GHS Overview  Justification Label requirements differ, requiring multiple labels for the same product Label requirements differ, requiring multiple labels for the same product Hazard definitions are not consistent Hazard definitions are not consistent Toxicity, FlammabilityToxicity, Flammability Over 100 diverse hazard communication regulations for manufacturer’s products globally. Over 100 diverse hazard communication regulations for manufacturer’s products globally. Regulatory compliance is complex and costlyRegulatory compliance is complex and costly Barrier to international trade in chemicalsBarrier to international trade in chemicals

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12 12 GHS Overview  Key Guiding Principles of the Harmonization Process Protection will not be reduced Protection will not be reduced Will be based on intrinsic properties (hazards) of chemicals Will be based on intrinsic properties (hazards) of chemicals All types of chemicals will be covered All types of chemicals will be covered

13 13 I. GHS - Hazard Classification  Defined criteria are used to assign a hazard classification Physical Hazards Physical Hazards 16 categories16 categories Health Hazards Health Hazards 10 categories10 categories Environmental Hazards Environmental Hazards  Mixtures GHS classification guidance for when chemicals are mixed for in house use or when exported. GHS classification guidance for when chemicals are mixed for in house use or when exported.

14 GHS - Hazard Classification  Physical Hazards (16) Explosives Explosives Flammable Gases Flammable Gases Flammable Aerosols Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing Gases Oxidizing Gases Gases Under Pressure Gases Under Pressure Flammable Liquids Flammable Liquids Flammable Solids Flammable Solids Self-Reactive Substances Self-Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Solids Pyrophoric Solids Self-Heating Substances Self-Heating Substances Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Organic Peroxides Corrosive to Metals Corrosive to Metals

15 15 GHS - Hazard Classification  Health Hazards (10) Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicology Reproductive Toxicology Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure Aspiration Toxicity Aspiration Toxicity

16 16 GHS - Hazard Classification  Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment - Acute aquatic toxicity Acute aquatic toxicity Chronic aquatic toxicity Chronic aquatic toxicity Bioaccumulation potentialBioaccumulation potential Rapid degradabilityRapid degradability

17  Labels Symbols (hazard pictograms) with red border Symbols (hazard pictograms) with red border Examples:Examples: 17 II. GHS - LABELS

18 18 GHS - LABELS Nine Symbols Nine Symbols Includes “Environment”Includes “Environment”

19 Signal Words Signal Words “Danger” or “Warning”“Danger” or “Warning” Hazard Statements Hazard Statements Example: “Toxic if swallowed”Example: “Toxic if swallowed” Other Other Precautions, identification, supplier, supplementalPrecautions, identification, supplier, supplemental 19 GHS - LABELS

20 GHS Flammability Rating  1 = EXTREME ( FL. Class IA) “DANGER”  2 = MODERATE ( FL. Class IB) “DANGER”  3 = SLIGHT ( FL. Class IC / Comb. Class II) “WARNING”  4 = COMBUSTIBLE ( Comb. Class IIIA) “WARNING”  (No Rating for Combustible Class IIIB or lower) 20

21 GHS - Label Elements for Flammable Liquids GHS - Label Elements for Flammable Liquids 21 GHS - LABELS

22 NFPA - Flammability 4 = Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. 3 = Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient conditions. 2 = Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high temperature before ignition can occur. 1 = Must be preheated before ignition can occur. 0 = Materials that will not burn.

23   The next slide shows the difference, very slight difference, in regards to the temperature change from the NFPA Classes to the GHS flammability ratings.   Example: where the Class IA and IB = 73.0 degrees F and under GHS the rating of 1 = 73.4 degrees F   The other temperature’s are about the same difference = 0.3 or 0.4 degrees F

24 24 Flammability example

25 25 GHS - Label example

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27 27 III. GHS – Safety Data Sheets 16 headings 16 headings Similar to ISO, EU, and ANSI MSDS/SDS requirements Similar to ISO, EU, and ANSI MSDS/SDS requirements

28 28 OSHA MSDS format (old)  OSHA-174 (1989), 8 sections (non-mandatory) 1. Manufacturer information 2. Hazard Ingredients/Identity Information 3. Physical/chemical properties 4. Fire and Explosion Hazard Data 5. Reactivity Data 6. Health Hazard Data 7. Precautions for Safe Handling and Use 8. Control Measures

29 29 ANSI MSDS format (GHS)  ANSI Z400.1-2004 1. Product and Company Identification 2. Hazard Identification 3. Composition / Information On Ingredients 4. First Aid Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling and Storage 8. Exposure Control / Personal Protection 9. Physical and Chemical Properties 10. Stability and Reactivity 11. Toxicological Information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information

30 30 EFFECTIVE DATES - OSHA rule  Federal & State Effective Completion Dates:  December 1, 2013 : Employers must inform employees on the new label elements and SDS format.  June 1, 2015* Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers must comply with all modified provisions of this final rule.  Distributors may ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until December 1, 2015.  * This date coincides with the European Union implementation date for classification of mixtures.  June 1, 2016: Employer’s Must update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.  Transition Period Must Comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 (the final standard), or the current standard, or both for all chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers.

31 31 The Impact on Safety and IH Professionals  Become familiar with the new system.  Collect new SDS’s as provided by suppliers and incorporate them into the existing MSDS system (or use a commercial service)  Get new GHS labels for “shipped containers” Employers can use other systems for workplace labeling that are effective as the GHS labels. Employers can use other systems for workplace labeling that are effective as the GHS labels.  Inform employees about new labels and SDS by December 1, 2013.

32 Impact on Chemical Manufacturers and Distributors  Prepare and use new GHS compatible labels  Prepare and distribute new GHS compatible Safety Data Sheets  Commercial “authoring” firms are ready and willing to help 32

33 33 GHS Resources  GHS Websites OSHA, http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/global.html OSHA, http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/global.htmlhttp://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/global.html EPA, http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/globalharmon.htm EPA, http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/globalharmon.htm http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/globalharmon.htm DOT http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/regs/international DOT http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/regs/internationalhttp://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/regs/international CSPC, http://www.cpsc.gov/phth/GHSpolicy.html CSPC, http://www.cpsc.gov/phth/GHSpolicy.htmlhttp://www.cpsc.gov/phth/GHSpolicy.html UN, http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev04/04file s_e.html UN, http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev04/04file s_e.html http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev04/04file s_e.html http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev04/04file s_e.html  Government Printing Office http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ [this site will be replaced with the Federal Digital System, http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/] http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ [this site will be replaced with the Federal Digital System, http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/] http://www.gpoaccess.gov/http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/ http://www.gpoaccess.gov/http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/  OSHA comments Docket No. OSHA-H022K- 2006-0062 at http://www.regulations.gov Docket No. OSHA-H022K- 2006-0062 at http://www.regulations.gov http://www.regulations.gov Nearly 900 items!Nearly 900 items!

34 34 To Summarize….

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