Why is an Injury and Illness Prevention Program needed? Despite the best efforts of OSHA, employers, employees, and safety professionals: –12 workers are killed every day (BLS) –4.1 million serious workplace injuries or illnesses each year –Over $1 billion in direct costs every week (Liberty Mutual Insurance)
What is an Injury and Illness Prevention Program? Flexible, commonsense, proven tool to find and fix hazards before injuries, illnesses, or deaths occur Comprised of six core elements Flexibility in implementation: –Each of the elements can be adapted for an organization’s size, industry sector, complexity of operations, workforce characteristics, etc.
Injury and Illness Prevention Program Core Elements Management leadership –Assign responsibilities –Set specific program goals –Oversee program implementation Employee participation –Provide input on program design and implementation –Assist with hazard identification and control –Report freely any safety and health concerns –Participate in inspections and incident investigations
Injury and Illness Prevention Program Core Elements Hazard identification –Review relevant information to identify potential or actual hazards –Conduct inspections of the workplace –Investigate injuries and illnesses to identify causes Hazard prevention and control –Develop and implement hazard control plan –Assign responsibilities, define schedules, monitor progress towards achieving control
Injury and Illness Prevention Program Core Elements Education and training –How the program works –How to identify hazards –Procedures for reporting concerns without fear of retaliation or discrimination –Employee/employer roles and responsibilities Program evaluation and improvement –Review program periodically to evaluate its effectiveness –Make necessary adjustments
Industry Consensus Standards Industry voluntary standards –OHSAS 18001 - Occupational health and safety management systems –ANSI/AIHA Z10 - Occupational health and safety management systems
U.S. State Experience 34 U.S. states require or encourage injury and illness prevention programs –15 states have mandatory regulations –16 states have voluntary guidance, consultation, and training –Other states have financial incentives, including workers compensation premium reductions
Other Federal Agency Activity Food and Drug Administration – January 16, 2013, issued a Proposed Rule (78 FR 3646) to amend its regulation for Current Good Manufacturing Practice and Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Human Food.
Other Federal Agency Activity Federal Railroad Administration – September 7, 2012 issued a Proposed Rule (77 FR 55372) to require commuter and intercity passenger railroads to develop and implement a System Safety Program (SSP) to improve the safety of their operations.
OSHA’s White Paper What is an I2P2? How does it work? What are the benefits? What is the evidence they are effective? Where are they already used or required? Examples of implementation and value Available on OSHA’s website
OSHA I2P2 Rulemaking OSHA will initiate the SBREFA process soon. SBREFA will be followed by the publication of a proposed rule, a notice and comment period, and extensive public hearings. OSHA has not yet established a target date for issuing a proposed rule.
Resources For the latest information about Injury and Illness Prevention Programs, visit OSHA’s Safety and Health Topics Page at http://www.osha.gov/dsg/topics/safetyhealth/index.html –White Paper –Frequently asked Questions –Success stories
Injury and Illness Prevention Program Topics Page