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Presentation on theme: "North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All."— Presentation transcript:

1 North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved 1 Course No. NSTC-26 Lead Safety Awareness Revised: September 2012

2 North Slope Training Cooperative Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Course No. NSTC-20 Course Overview 2

3 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Administration and Safety Emergency Procedures Breaks, Lunches Restrooms, Smoking Safety Minute 3

4 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Introductions Name Company Position Length of time in Alaska Experience on North Slope or other industrial sites 4

5 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Goal To provide workers with an awareness of potential lead hazards in the workplace and how to prevent overexposure. 5

6 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Objectives Be familiar with the regulatory standards for working safely in areas where there are potential lead hazards. Explain the characteristics of lead and where it is found in the workplace. Describe the adverse health effects of lead exposure. 6

7 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Objectives Describe the control measures for lead hazards. Describe safe work practices when working with materials containing lead or in areas where lead is present. 7

8 North Slope Training Cooperative Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Course No. NSTC-20 Lead Standards 8

9 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Regulatory References OSHA General Industry: 29 CFR OSHA Construction Industry: 29 CFR EPA Identification of Dangerous Levels of Lead: 40 CFR Part 745 9

10 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved General Industry Standard 29 CFR : Non-paint related maintenance activities Machining and hot work on leaded alloys Work on lead joint pipes Gaskets in chlorine piping Flashings around roof drains and vents Melted lead for counterweights on forklifts Use of Hilti guns and similar fasteners Lead solders and anchors 10

11 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Construction Industry Standard 29 CFR : Paint-related construction and maintenance operations Abrasive sanding, scraping, or removal of lead- based paint Welding, cutting or burning metals with lead- based paint Dismantling of structures covered with lead- coated paint or other materials Application of lead-containing paint or other materials 11

12 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Employer Responsibilities Written compliance program Work site and pre-job hazard assessment Testing and monitoring to determine lead levels Information and training for potential lead exposure under the OSHA and EPA Lead Standards Implementing hazard controls to eliminate or minimize lead exposure OSHA 29 CFR (d)(i-v)(A-F); (e)(2) 12

13 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Employee Responsibilities Consult the company Industrial Hygienist during pre-job planning. Wear the appropriate PPE for the exposure level including respiratory protection. Follow safe work practices when performing job tasks involving lead exposure. Follow proper decontamination and waste disposal procedures. 13

14 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Characteristics of Lead A soft, bluish-gray, heavy metal Occurs naturally as an element Has excellent anti-rust properties Used in the steel galvanizing process Used in batteries, solder, paints Released into the air by work activities involving materials containing lead 14

15 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Terms and Exposure Limits Lead Metallic lead, all inorganic lead compounds, and organic lead soaps µg/m 3 Micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air Action level* Employee exposure w/out respirators to an airborne concentration of 30 micrograms (µg/m 3 ) of lead calculated as an 8 hr. TWA PEL Permissible Exposure Limit (50 µg/m 3 for lead during 8 hr. TWA; 33 ug/m 3 for a 12 hr. TWA TWA Time-weighted average; an exposure limit over a given period of time Normal air 0.1 to 2.0 µg/m 3 OSHA 29 CFR (c)(1-3) OSHA 29 CFR (j)1 15

16 North Slope Training Cooperative Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Course No. NSTC-20 Lead Hazards 16

17 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Hazard Assessment What are the lead exposure hazards at your location? What specific work activities may involve the use of lead or lead-containing products? Who will be involved in the work and how can exposure be eliminated or reduced through hazard controls? 17

18 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Exposure Sources Fumes: welding with lead; cutting or burning metals or materials containing lead Dust: sanding, grinding, scraping of lead-based painted surfaces Mists: spray-painting with lead-based paints 18

19 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Routes of Entry Inhalation — breathing air with lead- containing dust, particles, or fumes Ingestion — eating, smoking, chewing tobacco, or applying cosmetics with lead dust on your hands Small amounts of lead can be eliminated from the body, but what cannot be eliminated will be stored in the organs. 19

20 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Symptoms of Lead Poisoning Fatigue, dizziness, irritability Constipation/diarrhea Stomach aches Vomiting Confusion/memory problems Muscle and joint pains “Wrist drop” OSHA 29 CFR , Appendix C, II 20

21 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Acute Health Effects Anemia Gastrointestinal symptoms Fetal damage in pregnant women Large doses can result in: Seizures Coma Death OSHA 29 CFR , Appendix C, II 21

22 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Chronic Health Effects Brain disorders Nervous system damage Gastro-intestinal problems Reproductive problems Circulatory system Kidney damage OSHA 29 CFR , Appendix C, II 22

23 North Slope Training Cooperative Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Course No. NSTC-20 Control Measures 23

24 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Engineering Controls Mechanical ventilation Product elimination or substitution OSHA 29 CFR (e)(3) BP ASH, page 22 24

25 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Administrative Controls Reduce exposure time through job rotation Regulated areas Authorized personnel only Post warning signs Check labels OSHA 29 CFR (e)(4) 25

26 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Personal Protective Equipment Coveralls or other full body work clothing Gloves, hats, shoes or disposable shoe covers Eye protection (face shields, vented goggles) Hearing protection appropriate to the task OSHA 29 CFR (g) 26

27 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Respiratory Protection Respirators must be used when: installing or implementing engineering or work clothing an employee’s exposure to lead exceeds the PEL engineering and work-practice controls cannot reduce the exposure to or below the PEL when the employee requests a respirator. check your company’s written respiratory program OSHA 29 CFR (g) 27

28 North Slope Training Cooperative Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Course No. NSTC-20 Safe Work Practices 28

29 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Good Housekeeping A rigorous housekeeping program is required to minimize lead exposure. Keep surfaces free of lead accumulation and clean up spills immediately. Vacuum with HEPA equipment to minimize dispersal of lead into the workplace. Do not use compressed air to clean surfaces with suspected lead contamination. OSHA 29 CFR (h)(1-5) 29

30 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Good Housekeeping Shoveling, dry or wet sweeping, and brushing may be used only where vacuuming or other equally effective methods have been tried and found not to be effective. All lead debris should be wetted and double- bagged. Bags and containers should be appropriately labeled as lead-containing wastes. Tools must be cleaned before taking them out of the work area. OSHA 29 CFR (h)(1-5) 30

31 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Hygiene Facilities and Practices Consuming food and beverages, smoking, or applying cosmetics will not be allowed in work areas where lead may be present. Lunchroom and break facilities will be as free from lead contamination as practicable. OSHA 29 CFR (i)(1-5) 31

32 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Hygiene Facilities and Practices Employees shall wash their face and hands prior to eating, drinking, smoking, or applying cosmetics. Surface lead dust must be removed from protective clothing by vacuuming, downdraft booth, or other cleaning method before entering lunchroom facilities or eating areas. OSHA 29 CFR (i)(1-5) 32

33 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Hygiene Facilities and Practices Clean change areas will be provided for employees who have potential exposure to lead. Change areas will be equipped with separate storage facilities for protective equipment storage and street clothes to prevent cross-contamination. OSHA 29 CFR (i)(1-5) 33

34 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Contaminated Reusable PPE Employees will not be allowed to leave wearing any protective clothing or equipment used during the work day. They may be expected to shower and change into clean clothes at the end of the work shift. All employees will follow company decontamination procedures. OSHA 29 CFR (g)(2)(v) 34

35 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Contaminated Reusable PPE Contaminated reusable PPE must be placed in containers labeled as follows: CAUTION Clothing contaminated with lead. Do not remove dust by blowing or shaking. Dispose of lead-contaminated wash water in accordance with applicable local, state, or federal regulations. Most PPE used in lead contaminated areas will be disposable. OSHA 29 CFR (g)(2)(v) 35

36 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Site Specific Operations Know your roles and responsibilities. Know the site-specific operations at your facility. Conduct a hazard assessment prior to start of work to determine if lead exposure is a concern. Use lead hazard control measures and follow company procedures for working safely. 36

37 Course No. NSTC-20Revised: September 2012 © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved Summary Lead Regulatory Standards Employer and Employee Responsibilities Terms and Exposure Limits Lead Hazards in the Workplace Hazard Sources and Routes of Entry Acute and Chronic Health Effects Control Measures Safe Work Practices Housekeeping Hygiene Facilities and Practices 37

38 North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved North Slope Training Cooperative © North Slope Training Cooperative—All Rights Reserved 1 Course No. NSTC-26 Lead Safety Awareness


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