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Introduction to OSHA INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES:

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1 Introduction to OSHA www.CareerSafeOnline.com INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES:
This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for youth workers. Since youth workers are the target audience, this presentation may cover hazard identification, avoidance, and control rather than specific standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.

2 Introduction The U.S. Congress created OSHA under the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1970 (the OSH Act). OSHA stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Labor. OSHA’s main goal is to maintain the safety and health of every worker every day at the workplace. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

3 Introduction In order to establish a safe and healthful
working environment, every employer and every employee must make safety a top priority. OSHA’s job is to provide leadership and encouragement to employees and employers to take that responsibility seriously. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

4 Employees’ rights and responsibilities
The OSH Act provides you the right to work in a safe and healthy environment. As an employee you have the right to: Receive proper training and information. Review copies of OSHA regulations. Request information from your employer on hazards, safety precautions, and procedures. Anonymously file a legitimate complaint to OSHA without being fired. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

5 Employees’ rights and responsibilities
You also have certain responsibilities in helping to maintain a safe workplace. As an employee, you should: Follow your employer’s safety and health rules. Read the OSHA poster at the jobsite. Report unsafe conditions to your supervisor. Wear or use required protective equipment. Report all job-related injuries and illnesses. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

6 Employers’ rights and responsibilities
According to the OSH Act, employers also have rights and responsibilities. Employers are required to provide you with working conditions that are free of recognized hazards that may cause serious injury, illness, or death. Employers also have the right to: Seek free advice and consultation. Request and receive proper identification from visiting compliance officers and accompany them during an inspection. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

7 What Are OSHA Standards
OSHA Standards are the mandatory rules that govern safety and health in the workplace. They are compiled in the Code of Federal Regulations, Volume 29 (29 CFR). OSHA issues standards for a wide variety of workplace hazards, including these and many more: Introduction to OSHA Preventing Falls Emergency Planning Ergonomics Bloodborne Pathogens Personal Protective Equipment Electrical Safety Hazard Communication INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Where there are no specific OSHA standards, employers must comply the OSH act’s “general duty clause” which requires that each employer “furnish…a place of employment which is free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees”.

8 What does OSHA do? Primarily, OSHA seeks to improve the safety and health of American workplaces by focusing efforts on those with the highest injury and illness rates. Here are some standard OSHA activities: Encourage employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards through safety and heath programs. Develop and enforce mandatory job safety and health standards. Conduct workplace inspections. Maintain a reporting and recordkeeping system for job-related injuries and illnesses. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Reference: OSHA publication 2056 – “All About OSHA.”

9 Is there a need for OSHA? According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, each year there are: About 6,000 deaths from workplace injuries An estimated 50,000 deaths from illnesses caused by workplace exposure Six million (6,000,000) non-fatal workplace injuries

10 Youth Workers in the U.S. Youth workers are especially at-risk. The injury rate for workers aged is double that of any other age category. Work-related incidents in the United States: Kill one youth every five days or 70 annually Hospitalize one youth every seven minutes or 77,000 annually Injure one youth every three minutes or 230,000 annually

11 Injury Rate by Age and Gender

12 Improving the Odds Because of their strong belief that the loss of even one young worker is too great, the Department of Labor and OSHA, along with other government agencies and private companies, have committed to an increasing focus on educating and protecting youth workers.

13 What is CareerSafe CareerSafe is a National Youth Safety initiative created by the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX) in partnership with OSHA. CareerSafe promotes the “StartSafe. StaySafe.” philosophy. This philosophy applies to everything you do whether you are: At home At school At play At work You can use it whatever you do, wherever you are! INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: TEEX is an agency of the Texas A & M University System (www.teex.com). More information about CareerSafe can be obtained at

14 StartSafe When used in the workplace, the key to starting every job with safety is making a commitment to think before you act – to StartSafe. Before you begin any job, you should: Understand your job. Think about safety. Plan your actions. INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Understand your job: Any time you have a job to do, you must first understand the requirements of the job. If there are things you don’t understand, it is your responsibility to ask questions. If you don’t understand the job, you may not be successful or, worse, you may do something that could hurt you or someone else. 2. Think about safety: Once you understand what you are expected to do, begin thinking about ways you can do your job and be safe. Before you start any job, ask yourself: Is there anything about this job that could be dangerous for me or someone else? Answering this question might involve several things such as looking around to identify any hazards in your work environment, thinking through your job to make sure you have the right tools and equipment available, and considering whether there is any additional training you may need. 3. Plan your actions: Once you understand your job and have thought about how to do your job safely, it is time to plan your actions. Your action plan details how you will do your job safely and successfully. To create your action plan, start by knowing your job requirements and safety needs. Then, use that information to plan all your actions from beginning to the end.

15 StaySafe Here is what you will need to do so that you and others can
1. Use your knowledge 2. Practice safety 3. Share safety INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Use your knowledge: The best way to ensure that you and others Stay Safe is to use your knowledge. Knowledge provides you with power – the power to protect yourself and others. Since you are working with the power of knowledge, you have the ability to adapt if something about your job or your work environment changes. It is your responsibility to constantly reassess your job and your safety situation. If something changes, you can adjust your action plan. 2. Practice safety: Practice Safety involves everything you have learned so far about starting and staying safe. Practicing safety means that you are always thinking and acting safely. Safety has to be something you put into practice at all times. In every situation, practicing safety is your full-time job. 3. Share safety: The final challenge of our “StartSafe. StaySafe” philosophy calls for you to share safety. With the knowledge you have and your dedication to making sure you StartSafe and StaySafe, you become someone who can help keep others safe as well. It is not enough to be sure that you StartSafe and StaySafe, you also have to look around and see that those around you are practicing safety too. If not, it is your responsibility to see that any unsafe situations or behaviors are corrected. It is up to you to share safety - to share your knowledge so everyone can StartSafe and StaySafe!

16 More information? OSHA Hotline: 1-800-321-OSHA
OSHA’S website: OSHA’S Teen Workers website: CareerSafe website: INSTRUCTOR’S NOTES: Important information to tell students: OSHA HOTLINE: OSHA - Hotline for reporting workplace safety or health emergencies. Provides a 24-hour point of contact to report imminent dangers on the job. To learn more about OSHA and ways you can “StartSafe” and StaySafe”, visit these websites:

17 You play an important role.
Summary OSHA’s goal is to ensure the safety and health of every American worker. Reaching that goal demands that every employer and employee act on their rights and responsibilities in the workplace. You play an important role. So remember whatever you do, wherever you are, “StartSafe. StaySafe.”


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